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In theoretical physics, in the context of M-theory, the action for the N=8 M2 branes in full is (with some indices hidden):

\( S=\int {\left(-{\frac {1}{2}}D^{\mu }X_{I}D_{\mu }X_{I}+{\frac {i}{2}}\overline {\Psi }\Gamma ^{\mu }D_{\mu }\Psi +{\frac {i}{4}}\overline {\Psi }\Gamma _{{IJ}}\left[X^{I},X^{J},\Psi \right]-{\frac {1}{12}}\left[X^{I},X^{J},X^{K}\right]\left[X^{I},X^{J},X^{K}\right]+{\frac {1}{2}}\varepsilon ^{{abc}}Tr(A_{a}\partial _{b}A_{c}+{\frac {2}{3}}A_{a}A_{b}A_{c})\right)}d\sigma ^{3} \)

where [, ] is a generalisation of a Lie bracket which gives the group constants.

The only known compatible solution however is:

\( \left[A,B,C\right]_{\eta }\equiv \varepsilon ^{{\mu \nu \tau \eta }}A_{\mu }B_{\nu }C_{\tau } \)

using the Levi-Civita symbol which is invariant under SO(4) rotations. M5 branes can be introduced by using an infinite symmetry group.

The action is named after Jonathan Bagger, Neil Lambert, and Andreas Gustavsson.[1][2]
Notes

Bagger, Jonathan; Lambert, Neil (2007-02-26). "Modeling multiple M2-branes". Physical Review D. American Physical Society (APS). 75 (4): 045020. arXiv:hep-th/0611108. doi:10.1103/physrevd.75.045020. ISSN 1550-7998.

Gustavsson, Andreas (2009). "Algebraic structures on parallel M2 branes". Nuclear Physics B. Elsevier BV. 811 (1–2): 66–76. arXiv:0709.1260. doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2008.11.014. ISSN 0550-3213.

References

Lie 3-Algebra and Multiple M2-branes

Physics Encyclopedia

World

Index

Hellenica World - Scientific Library

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