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In 8-dimensional geometry, there are 255 uniform polytopes with E8 symmetry. The three simplest forms are the 421, 241, and 142 polytopes, composed of 240, 2160 and 17280 vertices respectively.

These polytopes can be visualized as symmetric orthographic projections in Coxeter planes of the E8 Coxeter group, and other subgroups.

 421 241 142

Graphs

Symmetric orthographic projections of these 255 polytopes can be made in the E8, E7, E6, D7, D6, D5, D4, D3, A7, A5 Coxeter planes. Ak has [k+1] symmetry, Dk has [2(k-1)] symmetry, and E6, E7, E8 have [12], [18], [30] symmetry respectively. In addition there are two other degrees of fundamental invariants, order [20] and [24] for the E8 group that represent Coxeter planes.

11 of these 255 polytopes are each shown in 14 symmetry planes, with vertices and edges drawn, and vertices colored by the number of overlapping vertices in each projective position.

# Coxeter plane projections Coxeter-Dynkin diagram
Name
E8
[30]
E7
[18]
E6
[12]
[24] [20] D4-E6
[6]
A3
D3
[4]
A2
D4
[6]
D5
[8]
A4
D6
[10]
D7
[12]
A6
B7
[14]
B8
[16/2]
A5

[6]
A7

[8]
1
421 (fy)
2
Rectified 421 (riffy)
3
Birectified 421 (borfy)
4
Trirectified 421 (torfy)
5
Rectified 142 (buffy)
6
Rectified 241 (robay)
7
241 (bay)
8
Truncated 241
9
Truncated 421 (tiffy)
10
142 (bif)
11
Truncated 142

References

H.S.M. Coxeter:
H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, 3rd Edition, Dover New York, 1973
Kaleidoscopes: Selected Writings of H.S.M. Coxeter, edited by F. Arthur Sherk, Peter McMullen, Anthony C. Thompson, Asia Ivic Weiss, Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1995, ISBN 978-0-471-01003-6[1]
(Paper 22) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi Regular Polytopes I, [Math. Zeit. 46 (1940) 380-407, MR 2,10]
(Paper 23) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes II, [Math. Zeit. 188 (1985) 559-591]
(Paper 24) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes III, [Math. Zeit. 200 (1988) 3-45]
N.W. Johnson: The Theory of Uniform Polytopes and Honeycombs, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Toronto, 1966
Klitzing, Richard. "8D uniform polytopes (polyzetta)".

Notes

Wiley::Kaleidoscopes: Selected Writings of H.S.M. Coxeter

Fundamental convex regular and uniform polytopes in dimensions 2–10
Family An Bn I2(p) / Dn E6 / E7 / E8 / F4 / G2 Hn
Regular polygon Triangle Square p-gon Hexagon Pentagon
Uniform polyhedron Tetrahedron Octahedron • Cube Demicube Dodecahedron • Icosahedron
Uniform 4-polytope 5-cell 16-cell • Tesseract Demitesseract 24-cell 120-cell • 600-cell
Uniform 5-polytope 5-simplex 5-orthoplex • 5-cube 5-demicube
Uniform 6-polytope 6-simplex 6-orthoplex • 6-cube 6-demicube 122 • 221
Uniform 7-polytope 7-simplex 7-orthoplex • 7-cube 7-demicube 132 • 231 • 321
Uniform 8-polytope 8-simplex 8-orthoplex • 8-cube 8-demicube 142 • 241 • 421
Uniform 9-polytope 9-simplex 9-orthoplex • 9-cube 9-demicube
Uniform 10-polytope 10-simplex 10-orthoplex • 10-cube 10-demicube
Uniform n-polytope n-simplex n-orthoplex • n-cube n-demicube 1k2 • 2k1 • k21 n-pentagonal polytope
Topics: Polytope families • Regular polytope • List of regular polytopes and compounds

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