Assume that you have produced an exact copy of a piece of Art so that nobody can find out what is the original and what is the copy. Does it then matter what the copy is and what the original is and if yes why?
The Athenians kept the ship of Theseus until the days of Demetrius Phalaerus (ca 280 BC). Changing some of the destroyed parts it was restored and a subject of discussion among philosophers. Whether it is the same ship or another..
Plutarch in Wiggins, 1980 page 92
An similar paradox is attributed to Eubulides of Miletus , the Paradox of the Bald Man. A man with one hair is bald, or two hairs, but where do you draw the line as to how many hairs there can be before the man is not bald?
What would be if we take 50% of parts of the original ship of Theseus and produce two ships from these parts including the remaining parts with new elements? Do we then have two ships of Theseus?
Unfortunately these Philosophers went not further to develop a fuzzy logic, beyond the yes or no classical logic.
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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