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Pavlos Melas (Greek: Παύλος Μελάς) (1870-1904) was an officer of the Greek Army, and he was among the first who organized and participated in the Greek Struggle for Macedonia. Melas, with the cooperation of Ion Dragoumis, ambassador of Greece in Monastiri (now Bitola) and Germanos Karavangelis, bishop of Kastoria tried to raise money for the economical support of Greek efforts in Macedonia. But after the rise of Bulgarian efforts and especially after the Ilinden uprising, which was organised by the Bulgarians he decided to enter Macedonia in June, 1904 to assess the situation and to see if there is any possibility of establishing a military unit to fight the Bulgarians.

In July, 1904 under the alias Captain Mikis Zezas, he reentered Macedonia with a small unit of men and fought against the Bulgarian units of VMRO until October 13, 1904 when he was killed by the Turks in the village Statista.

Pavlos Melas objects he carried the day he died , National History Museum Athens

After his death, Greek efforts became more intense, resulting in the interception of Bulgarian efforts, specially in West and Central Macedonia, which composed part of Greece, after the Balkan Wars.

He is considered to be a symbol of Greek Struggle for Macedonia and many of his personal stuff can be seen in the Museum of the Macedonian Struggle in Thessaloniki and Pavlos Melas Museum in Kastoria.

Lithograph honouring Pavlos Melas , 1904

Pavlos Melas, Georgios Iakovidis 1915

Sculpture of Pavlos Melas near the White Tower in Thessaloniki

Pavlos Melas , Thoefilos

The Grave of Pavlos Melas

Greek Struggle for Macedonia

Links

Museum of the Macedonian Struggle, Thessaloniki
Pavlos Melas Museum, Kastoria
Photographs from the website of the hellenic army academy including one of Melas with his family

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