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Craterus

Craterus (Κρατερός) (c. 370 BC - 321 BC) was a Macedonian general under Alexander the Great and one of the Diadochi.

He was the son of a Macedonian nobleman named Alexander. Craterus commanded with the complete phalanx and all infantry on the left wing in battle of Issus (333 BC). In Hyrcania he was sent on a mission against the Tapurians, his first independent command with the Macedonian army. At the Battle of the Hydaspes River (326 BC, near modern Jhelum) he commanded the rearguard, which stayed on the western bank; his men crossed the battle only during the final stages of the battle.

At large festivites in Susa, Craterus married princess Amestris, daughter of Oxyathres, the brother of Darius III. Craterus and Polyperchon were appointed to lead 11,500 veteran soldiers back to Macedonia. Craterus was in Cilicia, where he was building the fleet, when Alexander unexpectedly died in Babylon.

In 322 BC Craterus aided Antipater in Lamian War against Athens. He sailed with his Cilician navy to Greece and led troops at the battle of Crannon in 322 BC. When Antigonus rose in rebellion against Perdiccas and Eumenes, Craterus joined him, alongside Antipater and Ptolemy. He married Antipater's daughter Phila. He was killed in battle against Eumenes in Asia Minor, somewhere near the Hellespont, in 321 BC.

Alexander and Craterus in a lion hunt, mosaic in Pella

Links

http://www.livius.org/cn-cs/craterus/craterus.htm

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