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Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar

Calas (in Greek Καλας or Καλλας; lived 4th century BC) was an ancient Greek, son of Harpalus of Elimiotis and first cousin to Antigonus, king of Asia, who held a command in the army which Philip II sent into Anatolia under Parmenion and Attalus, 336 BC, to further his cause among the Greek cities there. In 335 BC Calas was defeated in a battle in the Troad by Memnon of Rhodes, but took refuge in Rhaeteum.1 At the battle of the Granicus in 334 BC he led the Thessalian cavalry in Alexander's army, and was appointed by him in the same year to the satrapy of the Lesser or Hellespontine Phrygia, to which Paphlagonia was soon after added.2 Excluding a failed attempt to conquer Bithynia3 this we do not hear of Calas: it would seem, however, that he died before the treason arid flight of his father in 325, as we know from Arrian that Demarchus succeeded him in the satrapy of the Hellespontine Phrygia during Alexander's life-time.

References

Smith, William (editor); Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, "Calas", Boston, (1867)

Notes

1 Diodorus Siculus, Library, xvi. 91, xvii. 7

2 Arrian, Anabasis Alexandri, i. 14, ii. 4; Curtius Rufus, Historiae Alexandri Magni, iii. 1; Diodorus, xvii. 17

3 Memnon, History of Heracleia, 12

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This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology by William Smith (1867).

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