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Caecilius, of Calacte (Καλὴ Ἀκτή) in Sicily, Greek rhetorician, flourished at Rome during the reign of Augustus.

Originally called Archagathus, he took the name of Caecilius from his patron, one of the Metelli. According to the Suda, he was by birth a Jew. Next to Dionysius of Halicarnassus, he was the most important critic and rhetorician of the Augustan age.

Only fragments are extant of his numerous and important works, among which may be mentioned:

On the Style of the Ten Orators (the lives and a critical examination of the works of the Ten Orators), the basis of the pseudo-Plutarchian treatise of the same name, in which Caecilius is frequently referred to;

On the Sublime, attacked by (?) Longinus in his essay on the same subject;

History of the Servile Wars, or slave risings in Sicily, the local interest of which would naturally appeal to the author;

On Rhetoric and Rhetorical Figures, an Alphabetical Selection of Phrases, intended to serve as a guide to the acquirement of a pure Attic style—the first example of an Atticist lexicon, mentioned by Suidas in the preface to his lexicon as one of his authorities;

Against the Phrygians, probably an attack on the florid style of the Asiatic school of rhetoric.

This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, which is in the public domain.

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