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OctadrachmHead of Ptolemy II Philadelphus (309-246 BC), with Arsinoe II ( 316-270 BC).

Pergamonmuseum Berlin (Source)

Arsinoe II (Αρσινόη Β' ) ( 316-270 BC), queen of Thrace and later co-ruler of Egypt with her brother and husband Ptolemy II of Egypt.

Arsinoe II was first married to King Lysimachus of Thrace, to whom she bore three sons. After his death in battle in 281 BC, she fled to Cassandrea and married her half-brother Ptolemy Keraunos. This proved to be a serious misjudgement, as Ptolemy Ceraunus promptly killed two of her sons; the third was able to escape. Arsinoe fled again, this time to Alexandria, Egypt.

Arsinoe's rotunda in Samothrace , dedicated to the gods by Arsinoe II of Egypt, [Source]. Ther rotunda is the largest closed, round building known from Greek architecture. See :Karl Lehmann , Samothrace, Volume 7: The Rotunda of Arsinoe, 1992 , Princeton University Press ; ISBN: 0691099197

The Gonzaga Cameo

In Egypt, she probably instigated the accusation and exile of her brother Ptolemy II's first wife, Arsinoe I of Egypt. Arsinoe II then married her brother; as a result, both were given the epithet "Philadelphoi" ("Brother-Loving") by the scandalized Greeks. Arsinoe II shared all of her brother's titles and apparently was quite influential, having towns dedicated to her, her own cult (as was Egyptian custom), and appearing on coinage. Apparently, she contributed greatly to foreign policy, including Ptolemy's victory in the First Syrian War (274-271 BC) between Egypt and the Seleucid Empire in the Middle East. After her death Ptolemy II continued to refer to her on official documents, as well as supporting her coinage and cult.

Arsinoe II gold Octadrachm wearing high stephane and veil,, Double Cornucopia symbol

Dekadrachm: Arsinoe II, wearing high stephane and veil, around circle of dots
Double cornucipiae bound with long fillet, around circle of dots, Text "Arsinoes Philadelphou", Arsinoe (wife) of Philadelphus.

Arsinoe II, Vatican

Ptolemaic Queen of Egypt with Ptolemy II
Preceded by: Ptolemy II
Succeeded by: Ptolemy III and Berenice II

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