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In Greek mythology, Cranaus (Κραναός) was the second King of Athens, succeeding Cecrops I.

He was autochthonous (born from the earth), like his predecessor. During his reign the flood of the Deucalion story was thought to have occurred. He married Pedias, a Spartan woman, with whom he had Cranae, Cranaechme, and Atthis. Atthis gave her name to Attica after dying, possibly as a young girl, although in other traditions she was the mother, by Hephaestus, of Erichthonius.

Cranaus was deposed by Amphictyon son of Deucalion, who was himself later deposed by Erichthonius.

Pausanias:

Amphictyon won the kingdom thus. It is said that Actaeus was the first king of what is now Attica. When he died, Cecrops, the son-in-law of Actaeus, received the kingdom, and there were born to him daughters, Herse, Aglaurus and Pandrosus, and a son Erysichthon. This son did not become king of the Athenians, but happened to die while his father lived, and the kingdom of Cecrops fell to Cranaus, the most powerful of the Athenians. They say that Cranaus had daughters, and among them Atthis; and from her they call the country Attica, which before was named Actaea. And Amphictyon, rising up against Cranaus, although he had his daughter to wife, deposed him from power. Afterwards he himself was banished by Erichthonius and his fellow rebels. Men say that Erichthonius had no human father, but that his parents were Hephaestus and Earth.

...

How Amphictyon banished Cranaus, his kinsman by marriage and king of Athens, I have already related. They say that fleeing with his supporters to the parish of Lamptrae he died and was buried there, and at the present day there is a monument to Cranaus at Lamptrae.


King of Athens
Preceded by: Cecrops I
Succeeded by: Amphictyon


Greek Mythology


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