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Part of the series on:
The Dialogues of Plato
Early dialogues:
ApologyCharmidesCrito
EuthyphroFirst Alcibiades
Hippias MajorHippias Minor
IonLachesLysis
Transitional & middle dialogues:
CratylusEuthydemusGorgias
MenexenusMenoPhaedo
ProtagorasSymposium
Later middle dialogues:
The RepublicPhaedrus
ParmenidesTheaetetus
Late dialogues:
TimaeusCritias
The SophistThe Statesman
PhilebusLaws
Of doubtful authenticity:
ClitophonEpinomis
EpistlesHipparchus
MinosRival Lovers
Second AlcibiadesTheages

Philebus is among the last of the late Socratic dialogues of the ancient Greek philosopher Plato. Socrates is the primary speaker in Philebus, unlike in the other late dialogues. The other speakers are Philebus and Protarchus.

The dialogue's central question concerns the relative value of pleasure and understanding, and produces a model for thinking about how complex structures are developed. Socrates begins by summarizing the two sides of the dialogue:

Philebus was saying that enjoyment and pleasure and delight, and the class of feelings akin to them, are a good to every living being, whereas I contend, that not these, but wisdom and intelligence and memory, and their kindred, right opinion and true reasoning, are better and more desirable than pleasure for all who are able to partake of them, and that to all such who are or ever will be they are the most advantageous of all things.[1]

The dialogue is generally considered to contain less humor than earlier dialogues, and to emphasize philosophy and speculation over drama and poetry.[2][3]


Citations

  1. ^ Jowett, chapter 5.
  2. ^ Jowett, chapter 1.
  3. ^ Schofield.

References

  • Plato (tr. B. Jowett). Philebus.
  • Schofield, Malcolm. (1998, 2002). "Plato." In E. Craig (Ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. London: Routledge. Retrieved September, 2006.

Links

Full text - Greek and English (Harold N. Fowler, 1925) - Perseus Project

Full text and Introduction (Benjamin Jowett, 1892)

Philebus, available at Project Gutenberg.

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