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Heracleidae is a play by Euripides c. 430 BC. It follows the children of Heracles (known as the Heracleidae), as they seek protection from Eurystheus. It is the first of two surviving plays by Euripides where the family of Heracles are suppliants (the second being Heracles Mad).

Background

Eurystheus was responsible for many of the troubles of Heracles. In order to prevent the sons of Heracles from taking revenge on him, he seeks to kill them. They take flight under the protection of Iolaus, an old friend of Heracles.

Story

The play begins in the altar of Zeus at Marathon. Copreus, working under the orders of Eurystheus, attempts to take the children by force. Demophon, son of Theseus, enters taking the side of Iolaus and protecting the children. Copreus threatens to return with an army. Athens will protect the Heracleidae, but after checking the oracles it is learned that they will only be successful if theres a noble maiden sacrifice. Demophon explains how he'd like to help, but won't sacrifice his own child or make any of the Athenians do so. The daughter of Heracles, Macaria, then offers herself to be the sacrifice. The sacrifice is made, and Hyllus arrives with reinforcements. Despite being old and feeble, Iolaus insists of going out into the battle. Once out there he miraculously becomes young and captures Eurystheus. They debate executing this prisoner of war, but the there is a law against it. Eurystheus tells them a prophecy of how his spirit will protect the city from the decedents of the Heracleidae if they slay and bury him, and so it is done.

Translations

  • Edward P. Coleridge, 1891 - prose: full text
  • Arthur S. Way, 1912 - verse
  • Ralph Gladstone, 1955 - verse
  • David Kovacs, 1994 - prose: full text

Plays by Euripides

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