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Anax is an ancient Greek word for "king". It was one of two Greek titles traditionally translated this way, the other being basileus.

The word anax derives from wanax or Fanax (Early Greek: FΑΝΑΞ), and written in Linear B as "wa-na-ka". The phoneme "F" (double gamma or digamma) was pronounced "w" and was dropped very early by eastern Greek dialects (e.g. Ionian). It was retained longer by western dialects and as such it found its way into Latin via tha Magna Grecia colonies. "Anax" is more properly translated as "high king", and meant as a king who exercises overlordship over other kings. It is the title attributed to Agamemnon and to Priam by Homer. This possible hierarchy of one "anax" exercising power over several local "basileis" probably hints to a proto-feudal political organization of Bronze Age Greece. The Linear B word "anakteros" (wa-na-ka-te-ro), meaning "royal", and the Greek word "anaktoron", meaning "palace", are derived from "anax". "Anax" is also a ceremonial epithet of the God Zeus ("Zeus Anax") in his capacity as overlord of the Universe, including the rest of the Gods.

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