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Battle of Raphia
Part of the Fourth Syrian War
Date 22 June 217 BC
Location Rafah, near Gaza
Result Egyptian victory
Combatants
Ptolemaic Egypt Seleucid Empire
Commanders
Ptolemy IV of Egypt Antiochus III the Great
Strength
70,000 infantry,
6,000 cavalry,
73 elephants
62,000 infantry,
6,000 cavalry,
103 elephants

The Battle of Raphia, also known as the Battle of Gaza, was a battle of the Syrian Wars between Ptolemy IV of Egypt and Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom. Fought on 22 June 217 BC near Gaza. Ptolemy had 70,000 infantry, 6,000 cavalry, and 73 war elephants. Antiochus had 62,000 infantry, 6,000 cavalry, and 103 elephants.

At this time war elephants were exclusively supplied from India. To maintain their monopoly over the industry the Indians only exported male elephants. Ptolemy, who had no access to Indian elephants, may have used smaller African Forest elephants, or may have trained female elephants.

The kings split their elephants between the wings of their army. Antiochus began winning at the beginning of the battle when Antiochus's larger elephants drove off Ptolemies elephants. Each army's right wing defeated the opposing left wing and drove it from the field, le

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