Greek War of Independence 1821 in Art 

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Before the Athenian democracy, the tyrants, and the archons, Athens was ruled by kings. Most of these are probably mythical or only semi-historical. This list is based on that given by Eusebius.

Earliest kings

These two kings were supposed to have ruled before the flood of the Deucalion story.

Ogygus

Actaeus

Gaia gives Erichthonius to Athena in the presence of Cecrops

Erechthids or Cecropidae

The Erechtids / Cecropidae

Cecrops was considered the first true king of Athens, although he was a mythical half-man half-serpent. The dates for the following kings were conjectured centuries later.

Cecrops 1556 - 1506 BC.

Cranaus 1506 - 1497 BC.

Amphictyon 1497 - 1487 BC.

Erichthonius 1487 - 1437 BC.

Pandion I 1437 - 1397 BC.

Erechtheus 1397 - 1347 BC.

Cecrops II 1347 - 1307 BC.

Pandion II 1307 - 1282 BC.

Aegeus 1282 - 1234 BC.

Theseus 1234- 1204 BC. (or 1213 BC).

Menestheus 1204 - 1181 BC (or 1213 - 1191 BC).

Demophon 1181- 1147 BC.

Oxyntes 1147- 1135 BC.

Apheidas 1135- 1134 BC.

Thymoetes 1134- 1126 BC.

Themis (oracle) and Aegeus

Medontids or Melanthidae or Codridae

Melanthus 1126- 1089 BC.

Codrus 1089 - 1068 BC.

Medon, King of Athens 1068- 1048 BC.

Acastus, King of Athens 1048 - 1012 BC.

Archippus, King of Athens 1012 - 993 BC.

Thersippus 993- 952 BC.

Phorbas 952- 922 BC.

Megacles 922- 892 BC.

Diognetus 892- 864 BC.

Pherecles 864- 845 BC.

Ariphron 845- 825 BC.

Thespieus 824- 797 BC.

Agamestor 796- 778 BC.

Aeschylus 778- 755 BC.

Alcmaeon 755- 753 BC.

In 753 BC the kingship was replaced with an archonship (see Archons of Athens).

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