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Battle of Chios
Part of the Cretan War
Date 201 BC
Location Off the shore of Chios
Result Allied victory
Combatants
Macedon Rhodes,
Pergamum,
Byzantium,
Cyzicus
Commanders
Philip V of Macedon Attalus I,
Theophiliscus of Rhodes
Strength
Around 200 ships Around 100 ships
Casualties
92 ships sunken,
7 captured,
9,000 dead,
2,000 captured
Rhodes:
3 ships sunken,
60 dead,
Pergamum:
3 ships sunken,
2 captured,
70 dead
Allies:
600 captured

The Battle of Chios (201 BC) was fought between the fleet of Philip V of Macedon against the combined fleet of Rhodes, Pergamum, Byzantium and Cyzicus.

The Cretan War had started in 205 BC when the Macedonians and their pirate and Cretan allies had started attacking Rhodian ships as Rhodes had the richest merchant fleet in the Aegean. The navies of Rhodes' allies Pergamum, Byzantium and Cyzicus joined the Rhodian fleet and theu defeated the Macedonian fleet off Chios.

Prelude

With the First Macedonian War over, Philip started to rebuild his fleet to a size were it could challenge the fleets of the Rhodians, Pergamese and Ptolemies.[1] Philip wanted to crush the dominate naval power in the Aegean, his ally Rhodes.[2] He formed alliances with Aetolian and Spartan pirates as well as a few powerful Cretan city states.


Battle

Aftermath

Notes

  1. ^ Green, Alexander to Actium: The Historical Evolution of the Hellenistic Age, 305
  2. ^ Detorakis, A History of Crete, 305

References

Primary Sources

Polybius, translated by Frank W. Walbank, (1979). The Rise of the Roman Empire. New York: Penguin Classics. ISBN 0-14-044362-2.

Secondary Sources

Peter Green, (1990). Alexander to Actium: The Historical Evolution of the Hellenistic Age. Los Angeles: University of California Press. ISBN 0-500-01485-X.

Theocharis Detorakis, (1994). A History of Crete. Heraklion: Heraklion. ISBN 960-220-712-4.


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