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Attalus II, sculpture of Niceratus the son of Euctemon (according to Bernard Andreae)

The Attalid dynasty was a Greek dynasty that ruled the city of Pergamon after the death of Lysimachus, a general of Alexander the Great. One of Lysimachus' officers, Philetaerus, took control of the city in 282 BC. The later Attalids were descended from his father, and they expanded the city into a kingdom. Attalus I proclaimed himself King in the 230s BC, following his victories over the Gauls. The Attalids ruled Pergamon until Attalus III bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic in 133 BC.

Dynasty of Pergamum

Philetaerus (282 BC–263 BC)

Eumenes I (263 BC–241 BC)

Attalus I Soter (269 BC–197 BC)

Eumenes II (197 BC–160 BC)

Attalus II Philadelphus (160 BC–138 BC)

Attalus III (138 BC–133 BC)

Eumenes III Aristonicus (pretender, 133 BC–128 BC)

Geneaology1

                                  Attalus = Boa  
                                         |
             ------------------------------------------------------
             |               |                                    |
           Philetaerus      Eumenes = Satyra                      Attalus
                                    |                                |
                         ---------------------                -----------------------
                         |                   |                |                     |
                     Eumenes I         Philetaerus (?)     Attalus = Antiochis   Eumenes (?)
                                                                  |  
                                                            Attalus I = Apollonis
                                                                      |
                            --------------------------------------------------
                            |               |                |               |
                          Eumenes II     Attalus II      Philetaerus      Athenaeus
                             |
                         Attalus III 

Reference

  • Hansen, Esther V. (1971). The Attalids of Pergamon. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press; London: Cornell University Press Ltd. ISBN 0801406153.

Footnote

1 Esther V. Hansen, The Attalids of Pergamon, (1971), pp. 26, 45.

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