Ano and Kato Zachlorou (Greek: Ζαχλωρού) is a Greek village built on a mountain slope south of the Vouraikos Gorge. Zachlorou is located about 20 to 25 km south of Diakopto, west of Corinth,about 15 to 20 km north of Kalavryta, east-southeast of Patras and south-southeast of Aigio. Zachlorou had a 2001 population of was 104 for the two villages, 101 for Kato Zachlorou and 3 for Ano Zachlorou and 113 for the municipal district.
Year Population Change
1981 96 (Kato Zachlorou) -
1991 81 (Kato Zachlorou) -15 or -15.63% (Kato Zachlorou)
2001 101 (Kato Zachlorou)
3 (Ano Zachlorou) +20 or +24.69% (Kato Zachlorou)
Its geography is made up of farmlands that dominate the valley areas and mainly consists of olive groves. Zachlorou is famous for its gorge. The rack railway passes by Zachlorou and features several tunnels. The Vouraikos river flows through the gorge. Near Zachlorou is a cave known as Mega Spilaio
The village was ruled by the Ottoman Turks with some interruption by the Venetians in the mid to late-15th century and from the late-17th century until the early-18th century. Zachlorou was finally Greek after the Greek War of Independence of 1821, right after the signing of the declaration of independence.
After World War II and the Greek Civil War, much of the population left for larger towns and cities especially the nearby Patras. The population declined until 1991, but it slowly recovered by 20% between 1991 and 2001.
Houses were stone-built until the 1950s and modern-style homes were not built until the 1980s. It was connected by a paved road in the 1980s. Most of the homes are abandoned today.
Its main farming products are olives along with fruits including watermelon, melon, figs and vegetables including corn, tomatoes, potatoes, onions, cucumbers and others as well as dairy, livestock and others in small numbers. Most of the farmlands are olive groves and vineyards. The majority of the population are employed in agriculture.
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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