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Variko (Greek: Βαρικό) is a village and a former community in Florina regional unit, West Macedonia, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Amyntaio, of which it is a municipal unit.[1] It is 27 km south-southeast of the city of Florina. The population in 2001 was 698. The village's primary agricultural products are beans, corn, and wheat. There is an annual bean festival on August 15, coinciding with the Dormition of Virgin.


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History

The village was first mentioned in an Ottoman defter of 1481, under the name of Mokreni, and was described as having sixty-nine households.[2] In the beginning of 19th century Francois Pouqueville noted Mocrena as one of the Bulgarian villages in the region.[3] The population of Mocreni was Bulgarian in 19th and early 20th centuries. The village was burned by the Turks during the Ilinden Uprising.[4] There was a Bulgarian school in the village in the beginning of 20th century.[5] After the Treaty of Bucharest in 1913, when the area became part of Greece, many people emigrated to Bulgaria. The village was renamed Variko in 1926.


Notable persons

Nikola Andreev, (1879 - 1911) - Bulgarian teacher and voivode[6]
Nikola Milev, (1881-1925) - Bulgarian historian[7]

Demographics

According to the 2001 census,[8] the population of Variko was 698 people. Today, the village has a mixed population of Greeks and Slav Macedonians (around 8,0%).[9]


Notes

^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
^ Kravari, Vassiliki (1989) (in French). Villes et villages de Macédoine occidentale. Realites byzantines. 2. Paris: Editions P. Lethielleux. pp. 301. ISBN 2-283-60452-4.
^ Pouqueville, F.C.H.L. Travels in Epirus, Albania, Macedonia, and Thessaly, London 1820, p.88
^ Brailsford, Henri N. Macedonia: Its races and their future, London, 1906. p. 216, Rappoport Alfred. Au pays des martyrs. Notes et souvenirs d'un ancien Consul Général d'Autriche-Hongrie en Macédoine (1904-1909), Paris 1927; in Bulgarian - Рапопорт, Алфред. В страната на мъчениците, София 2002
^ D.M. Brancoff. La Macedoine et sa Population Chretienne. Paris, 1905, pp. 180-181.
^ Николов, Борис Й. Вътрешна Македоно-Одринска революционна организация. Войводи и ръководители. биографично-библиографски справочник. София 2001, с. 9 (Nikolov, Boris. Internal Macedonian-Adrianople Organization. Voivodes and Leaders. Biographical and Bibliographical Reference Book. Sofia 2001, p. 9).
^ Чолов, Петър. Български историци. Биографично-библиографски справочник. София 1999, с. 182 (Cholov, Petar. Bulgarian Historians, Biographical and Bibliographical Reference Book. Sofia 1999, p. 182); Марков, Георги. Покушения, насилие и политика в България 1878-1947. София 2003, c. 216-218 (Markov, Georgi. Attempts, Violence and Politics in Bulgaria 1878-1947. Sofia 2003, pp. 216-218).
^ http://www.statistics.gr/gr_tables/S1101_SAP_1_TB_DC_01_03_Y.pdf

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