Tyrnavos (Greek: Τύρναβος, from the Slavic "Tirnovo") is a municipality in the Larissa regional unit, of the Thessaly region of Greece. Tyrnavos is the prefecture's third largest community within the Larissa prefecture. The town is near the mountains and the Thessalian Plain. The river Titarisios, a tributary of the Pineios, flows through the town. Tyrnavos is bypassed by the GR-3 (Larissa - Kozani - Niki) and has an old road connecting the town to Elassona. It will be linked with a superhighway numbered 3 (A3) with an unscheduled opening date. Tyrnavos is located south-southwest of Thessaloniki and Katerini, northwest of Larissa, east-northeast of Trikala and south-southeast of Elassona and Kozani.
The city holds an annual Phallus festival, a traditional phallophoric event on the first days of Lent. The festival takes place on the first Monday of Lent (Clean Monday) and involves eating, drinking, dancing, singing and gigantic wooden phalluses. The pagan fertility festival in honour of the god Dionysus marks the beginning of the Greek Orthodox fasting period before Easter and is one of the most famous in Greece. The festival and the town are also famous for the "bourani" spinach soup. Until the 1940s the festival was reserved for men only but gradually women have acquired a more active role. Due to the intense pagan roots of the festival and its irreverence, the Greek Orthodox Church does not approve of the event.
The municipality Tyrnavos was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 2 former municipalities, that became municipal units:
The municipal unit of Tyrnavos is divided into the following communities (constituent settlements in brackets):
Argyropouleio (Argyropouleio, Ano Argyropouleio, Votanochori)
Damasi (Damasi, Damasouli)
Dendra Tyrnavou (Dendra, Agia Sofia, Platanoulia)
Tyrnavos (Tyrnavos, Kritiri, Lygaria, Perichora)
Year Town population Municipal district population Municipality population
1981 11,118 - -
1991 12,028 - 16,923
2001 11,116 12,451 16,900
The municipality is made up of mountains covering the northern portion as well as grasslands. Farmlands dominate the southern portion in which is part of the Thessalian Plain and the Titarisios valley. Tyrnavos is a major wine producing center.
Thanassis Papakonstantinou (1959) singer and songwriter
^ a b The Annual Phallus Festival in Greece, Der Spiegel, English edition, Retrieved on the 15-12-08
^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
Municipalities and communities of the Larissa Prefecture
Agia | Ampelonas | Antichasia | Armenio | Elassona | Enippeas | Evrymenes | Farsala | Giannouli | Gonnoi | Kato Olympos | Kileler | Koilada | Krannonas | Lakereia | Larissa | Livadi | Makrychori | Melivoia | Narthaki | Nessonas | Nikaia | Olympos | Platykampos | Polydamantas | Potamia | Sarantaporo | Tyrnavos |
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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