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Tauric Chersonese (also Chersonesus Taurica as in Latin) was the name given by the ancient Greeks to the Crimean peninsula, now part of modern Ukraine. The name Chersonese meant simply "peninsula", and the Greeks named the region after its inhabitants, the Tauri.

The Tauric Chersonese was inhabited by a variety of peoples. The inland regions were inhabited by Scythians and the mountainous south coast by the Tauri, an offshoot of the Cimmerians. Greek settlers inhabited a number of along the coast of the peninsula, notably Chersonesos near modern Sevastopol. In the 2nd century BC the Tauric Chersonese became part of the kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus, before being incorporated into the Roman Empire in the 1st century BC.

The Crimea's modern name derives from the Crimean Tatar name Qırım, via the Russian Крым (Krym).

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