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Administrative Region : Central Macedonia
Regional unit : Chalkidiki

Nea Triglia (Νέα Τρίγλια) Chalkidiki

Nea Triglia is a town, municipal district of the Municipality of Nea Propontida (Law 3852/2010, Program "Kallikratis") and former seat of the Municipality of Triglia, in the western part of the province of Halkidiki. Its distance from Thessaloniki is about 50 km. It is located about 4 km from the west coast of Chalkidiki to Thermaikos and its land area extends to the coastline. It has a population of 3,102, according to the 2011 census. The inhabitants are locals, but also refugees, coming from Triglia in Bithynia, Asia Minor (near Bursa) and from nearby Triglia Veletler (now Cinarlik koy), as well as from Kizderved in Asia Minor, a village near Nicomedia ( today Izmit).

The main occupations are agriculture, animal husbandry and especially the old olives (from the 16th century) and the cultivation of cereals and vegetables. Among other things, there is a rural doctor's office, a post office, 2 agricultural cooperatives, 2 kindergartens, 2 Primary Schools, a Gymnasium and a Lyceum, a Family Care Center, kindergartens, OTE, KAPI and KEP (since 2004).

Municipal district

With the Kapodistrias plan, Nea Triglia became the seat of the homonymous (D.D. Nea Triglia) Municipal District, which had a total of 2,946 inhabitants in 2001. It is made up of settlements:

Nea Triglia [2,946]
Paralia Neas Triglias [31], developed for tourism.

Sport

From an athletic point of view, the homonymous football club is active, which competes in the first amateur category of the EPS championship Of Chalkidiki. The P.O. Triglia won the championship and the Chalkidiki cup 12 times. In addition, there is a Sports Club, Basketball Academy (the men's division won the Chalkidiki Championship in 1991 and in the women's division, the respective division won 10 basketball championships since 1991). National in 2004 and A1 national category in 2005,, 2006 and 2006, 2007 in 2008 A2

Monuments

The church of Agios Athanasios dates back to the 19th century. Metochi, the shareholder building of Magazara, on the beach, as well as the Byzantine fountain Xini, built on the courtyard of the church of Agia Paraskevi, are other monuments.

Historical data

The place has been inhabited since prehistoric times, as evidenced by the findings in the wider area, such as the skull of the Archanthropus of Petralona. However, no archeological excavations have been carried out in the area of ​​Nea Triglia, as a result of which we do not know which city was in its place. It is probable that there was an ancient city in the place of Nea Triglia, with the name Spartolos in the current area of ​​Platania. In Byzantine times it was called Zyli or Zgyli. According to the French Lefort, at the site of the present settlement was Rousseau (996-1354 or 1356 AD) which was an imperial land and in 1117 was a monastery property. [3]

The old name (from the years of Turkish rule) of Nea Triglia was Souflar and so today it is called by the locals. The area to which Souflar belongs is called Kalamaria and extends from Thessaloniki to Potidea. The name Kalamaria is interpreted as [4] derived from Kali Maria. That's what they called Maria, sister ruler of Macedonia, and Kalamaria belonged to her.

The settlement of refugees in the village of Souflar in recent years took place after 1922, by residents from Asia Minor and Eastern Thrace. Apart from Nea Triglia, some other refugees settled in Rafina, Attica, so the two cities have excellent relations. Before the arrival of the refugees, Souflar had come under the control of a Turkish Aga and then the Jew Saul Modian, to be bought by the Holy Monastery of Vatopedi. In 1926, Souflar became an autonomous community, along with Mikralona (Bozala) and was renamed Nea Triglia. Old Triglia is located in Asia Minor (northeast) and dates back to prehistoric times, according to Tryphon Evangelidis. It was Triglia that came from Vrylio, an ancient city, according to the same source.

During World War II, Bulgarians and Mongols settled in Nea Triglia. In fact, two residents of the settlement were executed by Mongols, while the village was set on fire by the Germans.

Culture

The Association of Everywhere Trigliani was founded in 1961 with headquarters in Thessaloniki and in 1975 it established branches in Nea Triglia and Rafina. Besides, in 1994 a Youth Association was founded and in 2002 the "Digenis" Association, by Pontians returning. In 1992 a Folklore Museum was established. Three years later, all the museum's objects were transferred to the Cultural Center of the Association of All-Triangle, in 1997 a small association of Kisderveniotes of Asia Minor, Mikralona, ​​was founded, honoring the memory of the people of Asia Minor on September 14 at the Church of the Ascension.
External links

Website of the Municipality of Triglia
See also

Triglia
Nea Triglia, Attica

Sources

www.statistics.gr/documents/20181/1210503/resident_population_census2011rev.xls/956f8949-513b-45b3-8c02-74f5e8ff0230.
http://www.statistics.gr/documents/20181/1210503/resident_population_census2011rev.xls/956f8949-513b-45b3-8c02-74f5e8ff0230
Despina Paraskeva - Krani, "I NEA TRIGLIA CHALKIDIKIS" (work)
Improvised description of the Halkidiki Peninsula with archeological notes and historical events', published in Constantinople 1870

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