- Art Gallery -

Administrative Region : Thessaly
Regional unit : Larissa

  • Metaxochori (Μεταξοχώριον) Larissa
  • Metaxochori, with 478 inhabitants (2011) today belongs to the municipality of Agia. It is located east of the prefecture of Larissa at the foot of Kissavos to Montenegro.

    Historical data

    The fertile land and abundant waters were the causes of the early-prehistoric times-inhabitation of the area of ​​the province of Agia. According to the archaeologist Mr. G. Toufexis, the prehistoric settlement of Agia dates back to the early and middle Bronze Age and is located at Kostari, about 1 km. East of Agia, 300m NW from the chapel of Agios Athanasios. From this time until the 2nd Century B.C. There is a huge gap, while the few archeological findings and philological sources determine the existence of a settlement in the current area of ​​the city of Agia from the 2nd Century B.C. and from now on. For the early Christian and medieval times the data are minimal. In 1899, in the area of ​​the current settlement "Chrysallida", a mosaic was discovered, probably a monument of early Christian times, which was covered by the then Mayor of Dotio.

    During the following centuries, until the 11th century. , two key findings are drawn from the sources:

    a) The strong presence of old Slavic toponyms in settlements of the area (Retsiani / Metaxochori, Nivoliani / Megalovryso, Selitsiani / Anatoli, Kapista / Sotiritsa, Koukorava / Amygdali etc.), a fact that indicates a strong grouping of the descent and long present-day Serbia and Croatia.

    b) In this period one can reasonably place the appearance of the monastic community of Mount Kellia, on the eastern slopes of Ossi initially, which later (11th-14th century), expanded to the rest of the present province of Agia.

    During the 11th c. The area of ​​Agia belonged to the well-known from the philological sources "visit" (= imperial acquisition) of Vessaini, which was managed by a highly high-ranking political-military commander with the title of Protospathari. The area of ​​Agia also suffered from the adventures of Thessaly during the following centuries (Frankish rule - Catalan and Albanian raids - inter-Byzantine conflicts - Serbo-democracy). The result of these abnormal situations was the population shrinkage of the area.

    During the Turkish occupation and the years of Suleiman the Magnificent, between 1540 and 1570, the area changed ownership by the Sultan to Michmima's daughter. It turned Agia, Death, Nivoliani, Selitsiani and Retsiani into vacuum cleaners, that is, it dedicated the proceeds from taxation to successful institutions in Istanbul. In this capacity, the villages belonging to the Ottoman princess had a privileged tax treatment, which enabled them to develop rapidly and steadily.

    Employment-Economy

    Metaxochori experienced phases of economic prosperity in the middle of the 17th century, in the middle of the 18th century and in the middle of the 19th century.

    Soil euphoria, rich cotton production and silk production were the main factors that later pushed the development of handicrafts weaving wicks (silk), salt (cotton), tsikmedes, chevres and handkerchiefs, but also the trade of European countries in the red threads. after the dissolution of the Ambelakia cooperative.

    From a chronological table of the guilds of Larissa we observe that there were guild unions in 1662 and later in 1755 and 1756. “The guild institution is a form of" economic aggregation "of a class. The most important function of the guilds in all the centuries has been to use it as a means of administrative connection between the government and the bourgeoisie. Thus, in Turkey and in Egypt, the unions were one of the institutions that enabled the conqueror to control production and the market, and to impose his fiscal policy as he did with the communities of our mountainous areas, which he called self-governing or free communities. "

    Small industry

    From 1863 Retsiani was famous for its dyes, cotton yarns and textiles. In 1905, Kostakis Papadimitriou brought the first foot-operated loom and the weaving industry developed (saltworks, "chramia", sheets, etc.), while Alexis Laskaris weaved silk.

    Another handicraft in the field of candle making was by A. Hatzimichalis (known as "Lampadari" which was continued by the son-in-law of Th. Georgovitsas. The building of the house-craft is preserved and restored. Other handicrafts were:

    -In the field of pottery with St. Sfinioris

    -In the field of basket weaving

    -In the field of tobacco production with Th. Kontos

    -Persons with fruit trees and mulberries

    -In cotton processing. E. Vatzias installed the first ginning machine and then established a silk factory in Larissa, where the cocoons of the area were processed.

    -In the production of silk with large mulberry crops. In this area, they have greatly improved the production process, with the arrival of the Favres, as they have transferred knowledge about both silkworms and machine use.

    The next stage of local producers was silkworm production (A.Tzimeros, G.Soufaratis etc.). All the houses were handicrafts, and almost all the inhabitants were involved in the hooding process. In the period 1935-1955, production was gradually reduced due to falling prices in the international market and the appearance of synthetic materials (nylon, synthetics) and today sericulture is a thing of the past and mulberries have been uprooted.


    Today's situation

    Today tree planting has completely prevailed. The orchards were gradually filled with hazelnuts, cherries and later apples and pears. The arable area of ​​Metaxochori reaches 3000 acres, where mainly apples, cherries, hazelnuts, olives, peaches, sour cherries, figs and apples are grown in smaller quantities.

    In the area of ​​Agia, about 20% of apple production in Greece is cultivated. Cultivation began in 1950.

    From the springs of Kryoneri, more than 400 acres are irrigated, while the rest are irrigated by pulleys and drillings.

    Bibliography
    Information about Metaxochori, texts-editing: Agrafiotis D.

    Greece :

    A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M -
    N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

    Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
    All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

    Ancient Greece
    Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
    Science, Technology, Arts, , Warfare , Literature, Biographies, Icons, History
    Modern Greece

    Greece

    World

    Index

    Hellenica World