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Administrative Region : Central Greece
Regional unit : Voiotia

  • Mavroneri (Μαυρονέρι) Voiotia
  • Mavroneri is a picturesque village of the Municipality of Levadeon in the Prefecture of Voiotia. It is located 9 km. east of Parnassos. It has a population of 214 inhabitants (2011 census). [1] Together with the small settlement of Stathmos Davleias (4 inhabitans) It is the Local Community of Mavroneri, which has 218 inhabitants.


    The parish of the village is the Holy Temple of Agios Georgios with its beautiful hagiographies and its ornate marble iconostasis. It was built in 1953 on the ruins of the old church of the same name. The ruins of the church of Agios Prokopios have been found outside the village. The small church today is built a few meters away from the ruins.

    It is connected to Livadia, Lamia and other cities of mainland Greece through the National Road 3 that passes near the village, just 3 km east of it. Also with Athens and Lianokladi, through the Davlia Railway Station, which is administratively part of the Local Community of Mavroneri.

    Customs

    In the village on Saturday before the Sunday of Apokrees, the custom of hegia or otherwise hei, which has its roots in Dionysian worship, is observed. The villagers light a fire in the center of the village and have fun dancing, eating and drinking around it.


    On Holy Thursday, after the Passion Sequence, the epitaph is decorated by the housewives. On Good Friday afternoon, the procession takes place and immediately afterwards the procession of the epitaph takes place in the streets of the village. On Holy Saturday, when Christ the Risen is sung in the church, dozens of crackers and fireworks are thrown out of the courtyard of the central Church of St. George, as this conveys the joyful message of the Lord's Resurrection and there is even the perception that the deafening noise these cause drive away the "evil".


    During the period of fourteen days before Easter of the summer, the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, the prayers are sung every afternoon by the housewives who form a makeshift choir and sing for the Virgin Mary, in the church of the village.

    People

    The inhabitants of Mavroneri are mainly engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry. There are also 2 cafes and a grocery store.

    Sights

    1) Just 600m. far from the village and next to a hill is the chapel of Agios Ioannis. Next to the church there are the springs of Agios Ioannis and the river Mavroneri from which the village took its name. In the courtyard of the small church there are benches and a plane tree with a trunk circumference of 5 meters. The Hill where the village is built on one side and the river on the other and the small church of Agios Ioannis is called Kastro because there was traditionally the castle of Ancient Mavroneri, from which unfortunately no trace is preserved.

    2) In the village is the church of Agioi Anargyroi which celebrates the 1st of July. The miraculous image of the Saints was found in the place where the chapel is today. According to oral testimonies, the image was revealed with a vision to an elder of the village and he informed his villagers in order to find her. The image was found while residents were digging at this location. The chapel was built there in honor of the Saints.

    3) In the village there are many stone houses, remnants of a rich civilization that existed in the village in the last century.

    Historical data

    The village was called Kasnesio until 1927, when it was renamed Mavroneri, after the river Kifissos (Mavroneri river) that flows near the village [2]. Traces of a Neolithic settlement have been found near the village. The findings are now on display at the Archaeological Museum of Chaeronia. Near Mavroneri was the ancient city of Parapotamioi, which was mentioned in the texts of Herodotus and Homer. The city was destroyed by the Persians and the descent of the Macedonians under Philip. The inhabitants fled to neighboring cities and eventually created Tithorea along with the Neon and Patronides. In the Castle of Mavroneri (east of the village) there were probably Boeotians of Mavroneri, Panopea and Diavlida, cities that were also destroyed by the Persians and the Macedonians of Philip.

    As for World War I, the Balkan Wars, and World War II, the villagers took an active part in the struggle for freedom and sacrificed 15 of their lives. In the central church, Agios Georgios, there is a monument dedicated to the 15 fallen in favor of the homeland.

    The settlement was the seat of a separate community during the period 1912-1998 (Community of Mavroneri). [3] With the implementation of the Kapodistrias program, in 1999, it joined the Municipality of Davlia and from 2011, with the implementation of the Kallikratis program, with the Municipality of Levadia.

    The village in the year 1941 had 521 inhabitants. In 1951 it had a population of 449 inhabitants. In 1961 the settlement had a population of 402 inhabitants. In 1971 its population was 378 inhabitants. In 1981 it numbered 356 inhabitants. Its population in 1991 was 323. In 2001 the settlement had a population of 289 inhabitants. Its population has been declining rapidly in recent years. Today, 218 people live in the local community.
    References

    "Official Gazette of UNITED Population Results", p. 10644 (on pdf p. 170), and in Excel format "Table of Results of UNITED Population-Census 2011" on the website of ELSTAT, Archived 24/11/2017], Retrieved 09/01/2018
    Pandektis, renaming of the settlements of Greece
    [http://www.eetaa.gr/metaboles/show_metaboles.jsp?ota_code=2483&Submit=go [dead link]

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    Mavroneri Kilkis
    Mavroneri Karditsa
    Mavroneri Voiotia

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