Madytos (Ancient Greek: ) (or Maitos, or Madyta, Gr. Μάδυτος), by the modern town of Eceabat in Turkey) was an ancient Greek city and port of Thrace, located in the region of the Thracian Chersonesos (Thracian Peninsula). The city was a colony of Aeolians ( a Greek tribe) from Lesbos who, according to the ancient authors, founded also Sestos and Alopekonessos and other cities of the Hellespont. This was part of the Greek colonization movement of the 8th-7th c. BC. Later more colonists came from the Greek Ionian cities of Miletus and Klazomenae. Archaeological evidence also supports Aeolian or possibly Athenian origin of colonists. Madytos is referred by Herodotus in relation to the Persian Wars, and by Thucidides in relation to the Battle of the Eurymedon.
Madytos was an active commercial port during the Byzantine period and the Middle Age. It was occupied by the Osman Turks in the 15th century. The city continued to have a mainly Greek population till 1920's when, after the Treaty of Lausanne and the exchange of population between Greece and Turkey, most of the Greeks moved to Greece.
Greek colonies in Thrace
^ An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation by Mogens Herman Hansen,2004, p. 1019. Available online http://books.google.gr/books?id=22jupg3FqdYC&pg=PA1019&lpg=PA1019&dq=madytos+coinage&source=bl&ots=WJAO9OlCId&sig=HCrmG0sW_yWO7-PusJVXGzgrGGw&hl=el&ei=9C5ZTLHoOMyJOLK4ifYI&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CDoQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=madytos%20coinage&f=false
^ Pseudo-Scymnus (705-10), see: Scymni Chii Periegesis. Edition S.G. Teubner, 1846, Lipsiae. P. 40, available online http://my.qoop.com/google/mM2tt4TSVOQC/
^ Benjamin H. Isaac (1986) The Greek settlements in Thrace until the Macedonian conquest, Ed. E.J. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands, p 161, available online http://books.google.gr/books?id=LcfLKHVi2UUC&pg=PA161&lpg=PA161&dq=madyto+archaeology&source=bl&ots=xw6jxkr8m3&sig=YadikrxG4_mHR1qfljuUgS51r_o&hl=el&ei=khtZTPmzMsjvOaia-JQJ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CC0Q6AEwBA#v=onepage&q&f=false
^ Loukopoulou L. (2004) Thracian Chersonesos, in M. H. Hansen & T. H. Nielsen, Eds. (2004) An inventory of archaic and classical poleis, Oxford University Press, p. 900. Available online http://books.google.gr/books?id=22jupg3FqdYC&pg=PA885&lpg=PA885&dq=hansen+nilsen+Thracian&source=bl&ots=WJAP5PlKNm&sig=8RGXq8z0nzOmesSO6pN8y6MCOvw&hl=en&ei=H4FiTLegKNDgOO_b3fgD&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CBAQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false
^ Herodotus of Halikarnassus, The Histories, Book 7 (Polymnia), 30, Online http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/hh/hh7030.htm
^ W. Heyd (1885) Histoire du commerce du Levant au Moyen-Age, Ed. Emile Lechevauer, Paris, 1885, p. 284
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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