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Lavreotiki is a municipality at the southeasternnmost tip of the Attica peninsula in the Greek prefecture of East Attica. Its municipal seat is the town of Laurium (Lavrio).[1]

It is historically important as a significant ancient mining district, most notably in the villages of Laurium and Thorikos on the southeastern seaboard during the 6th, 5th, and 4th centuries BCE. As such it financed the wealth of Athens and the emergence of the Athenian Empire through the slave-powered mining efforts for silver and lead, beginning with the discovery of 2 deep-vein mining efforts during the 480's. Prior to that development, which at Themistocles urging in 483 BC led to the expansion of the Athenian fleet to 200 ships, only surface-mining was deployed as a technique for harvesting silver. More than 250 ore washeries have been identified by archaeologists and geologists in the district.


Municipality

The municipality Lavreotiki was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 3 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[1]

Agios Konstantinos
Keratea
Lavreotiki


Settlements

The settlements within the municipal district of Lavreotiki are (population at 2001 census):

Laurium (8,558)
Ano Thoriko (252)
Thorikos (265)
Kato Poseidonia (794)
Kato Sounio (290)
Legrena (453)


Historical population
Year Laurium Lavreotiki
1907 10,007 -
1981 10,124 -
1991 8,846 10,293
2001 8,558 10,612

References

^ a b Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)

Sources

Austin, M M., and P Vidal-Naquet. Economic and Social History of Ancient Greece: an Introduction. 1st English ed. Berkeley: University of California P, 1977. 1-397.
Fine, John V. A. The Ancient Greeks: A Critical History. Harvard University Press, 1983
Finley, M.I., The Ancient Economy. 2nd Ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985, c1973
Healy, John F. Mining and Metallurgy in the Greek and Roman World. London: Thames and Hudson, 1978.
Hopper, R J. Trade and Industry in Classical Greece. London: Thames and Hudson, 1979. 6-240.

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