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Administrative Region : Central Greece
Regional unit : Voiotia

  • Kyriaki (Κυριάκι) Voiotia
  • Kyriaki is a mountain village in the prefecture of Viotia. It is built at an altitude of 760 meters on the northwestern slopes of Elikonas. Kyriaki is a municipal unit of the Municipality of Levadeon with five settlements and its population is 2,185 inhabitants (2011 census).

    Administrative changes

    Until the establishment of the modern Greek state, Kyriaki belonged to Fokida. Livadia was exactly the border between Phocis and Boeotia. The needs of the creation of the province of Livadia for the small town of Livadia, the capital of the province, led to its annexation to the Prefecture of Viotia. The same happened with the Holy Monastery of Saint Luke in Antikyra, Arachova and other settlements.

    Geography
    The community of Kyriaki

    Kyriaki is about 18 km from Livadia, the seat of the homonymous municipality and the capital of the prefecture of Viotia. It is also connected by road with the villages of Steiri and Agia Anna. It is surrounded by a Kefalonian fir forest. Despite its high altitude, it is very close to the sea as it is a few kilometers from the northern shores of the Gulf of Corinth. Many marked mountain trails, Byzantine and post-Byzantine chapels are scattered within its geographical boundaries. In winter it snows very often and almost 2-3 months a year the village is covered by a lot of snow.

    History
    Map of ancient Fokida
    Ancient history

    Kyriaki is located in the same place where in ancient times was the Phocian city of Flygonio with its citadel today's Paliokastro. «Φλυγόνιον. The city of Fokida is also called Flygonia. The citizen Flygonios and Flygonievs "[1].

    Flygonio was one of the cities destroyed by Xerxes' Persian army on its way from Phocis. [2] It was also destroyed in 346 BC in the third holy war by Philip II the Macedonian, along with other Phocian cities, applying the punishment imposed by the Amfiktiones of Delphi on the Phocians, because they cultivated part of the valley of Amfissa which was considered to belong to in the holy oracle, as mentioned by the ancient traveler Pausanias.

    Latest and recent history
    Monument to the fallen

    During the Greek Revolution of 1821, Kyriakiotes [3] fought alongside the chiefs of Roumeli Diakou, Bousgou and Odysseas Androutsou.
    The people of Kyriaki participate in the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913 and the Asia Minor catastrophe of 1921-1922.

    During World War II, many Kyriakiotes lost their lives in the epic of 1940. During the Occupation, Kyriaki was burned three times: on 25-5-1943 by the Italians and on 3-10-1943 and 26-4-1944 by the Germans. .

    During the Civil War (1946 - 1949) the area was a theater of many conflicts with great disasters.
    Monument to the fallen
    History and manner of installation of Arvanites.

    The Arvanites settled in Boeotia towards the end of the Byzantine period, originating from Northern Epirus to central Albania more specifically, from the Tuscany tribal region. In particular, the largest wave of Arvanites in Boeotia was found in the area via Thessaly Magnesia, where in the meantime the Serbs had spread, while others came from Arta and Acarnania via Fokida. Essentially, they settled as cultivators and warriors / soldiers (stradioti) with the concession of timars or provisions (provided) due to the services they provided to the Western conquerors. Specifically, they arrived in the area in 1383, at the invitation of the Catalan Duke of Athens and the High Priest Ramon de Vilanova.

    However, it seems that there were older Arvanite settlements in Boeotia, according to the Arvanite toponyms Kapraina (= Zarkadou) for Chaeronia and Skripou (= Almyros) for Orchomenos, which have been mentioned since the 13th century in the Chronicles of Morea and others. . The rulers offered the Arvanites, in return for their military services, agricultural and livestock land and exemption from taxation for a period of time.

    The process and manner of their installation have been studied by important historians and archaeologists, such as the Dutch Kiel and the Englishman Bintliff. The Arvanites first settled in pure micro-settlements, the katounes (in their language katud means village), in lowland and later in mountainous areas (eg Elikonas) on the outskirts of the villages. Then, they gradually entered the larger settlements-villages, which pre-existed in the lowland and mountainous zone.

    The Arvanite settlement in Boeotia is of great historical interest and needs to be studied more extensively in order to fully understand the recent history of Boeotia.

    Personalities
    Personalities born in Kyriaki

    Christos Barberis (1913 - 2007), Greek politician

    Costas Tsanas (1967 -), former football player, current coach of the national youth of Greece (U19), Elpidon and official of the men's national team (2014)
    Andreas S. Tsouras (1928 -), Writer and poet
    Giannis Michas (1954 -), Greek politician and painter
    Syros Loukas Koskovolis (1957 -), President of PYRKAL and HELLENIC INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRY
    Takis Gonias former football player
    Ekaterini Koskovoli (1963 -), Deputy Mayor for Social Policy of the Municipality of Levadeon.

    Personalities from Kyriaki

    Thanasis Tsouras Greek politician

    Loukas Beloulias or Kakarapis, Chief.
    Christos Davelis - Natsios, Architect, nephew of Kakarapis.

    Demographics

    The oldest element for Kyriaki comes from the detailed inventory of the Ottoman stock exchange (mufassal) TTD, nu. 35, Heg. 912 (1506) Başbakanlik Arsivi of 1506 with a population of Albanian nationality, while for 2011 the actual population of the census is reported.

    Year Kyriaki Ag. Athanasios Karyoti Panagia Kalamiotissa Tarsos Houses
    1466 28
    1506 24
    1521 59
    1835 539 [4]
    1861 875 [5]
    1879 1077
    1889 619
    1896 1109
    1907 1315
    1920 1559
    1928 1441
    1940 1437
    1951 2015
    1961 2123
    1971 1823 184 151 238
    1981 2046 59 164 51
    1991 2148 57 80 140 57
    2001 2194 [6], (α/α 03620000) 15 72 91 48
    2011 2.185 [7], (α/α 8266) 11 12 73 17

    Arvanite language

    Kyriaki is a bilingual village whose inhabitants speak Arvanitika, along with the Greek language. Until the late 1960s, Albanian was their main language. Today the language is spoken only by older residents. Those born in the 1970s understand it when the older ones speak it, but they do not have a good ability to speak when they speak it themselves, while the younger ones do not understand it and few understand it. Arvanitian is now one of the most endangered languages ​​in Europe.

    Sport

    Α.Ο. Kyriakiou "Panathinaikos", football
    New PAOK Kyriakiou, football


    References

    Stephanus (Byzantinus), Wilhelm Xylander "De Urbibus". Publisher ex officina Oporiniana, 1568. p. 305.
    Βικιθήκη, Παυσανία Ελλάδαδος περιήγησις / Φωκικά, Λοκρών Οζόλων τὰς δὲ αὐτῶν ἡ στρατιὰ καταπρήσασα ἡ μετὰ Ξέρξου γνωριμωτέρας ἐς τὸ Ἑλληνικὸν ἐποίησεν, Ἐρωχὸν καὶ Χαράδραν καὶ Ἀμφίκλειαν καὶ Νεῶνας καὶ Τεθρώνιον καὶ Δρυμαίαν. αἱ δὲ ἄλλαι πλήν γε δὴ Ἐλατείας τὰ πρότερα οὐκ ἐπιφανεῖς ἦσαν, Τραχίς τε ἡ Φωκικὴ καὶ Μεδεὼν ὁ Φωκικὸς καὶ Ἐχεδάμεια καὶ Ἄμβροσσος καὶ Λέδων καὶ Φλυγόνιον ἔτι καὶ Στῖρις.
    The Kyriakiotes fighters of ΄21 were the soldiers: Daliannis Loukas, Kinesas or Konstantinos Apostolis, Kollias Dimitrakis, Koutos Leontos (monk) Kotsou Giorgis, Lazarou Dimos, Lazarou Loukas, Lazaratis Ieremis, George, Papas, Oikonomou Alexandros Poulos Costas, Poulos Spyros, Tzamalas Anast. Paul.
    [1] [dead link]
    National Research Foundation, Population Development of Livadia Province
    [2] [dead link]

    "Archived copy" (PDF). It was archived from the original (PDF) on March 9, 2016. Retrieved on August 25, 2015.

    Bibliography

    Pausanias, "Fokika"
    Fotis Dasios, "Research in Southeastern Fokida", Fokika Chronika, Volume E, 1994
    Fotis Dassios, "Contribution to the typography of Ancient Fokida", Fokika Chronika 4, 1992
    Takis Lappas "Livadia and Livadites in Eikosiena" 1971 p. 199
    Theofanis Emm. Kalaitzakis "Eastern Central Greece and Boeotia in the Late Middle Ages", ISBN 960-7290-81-X, pp. 106, 109, 119, 123, 136, 142, 156, 181 and 184.
    Efthymios Dalkas "Livadia B, Historical walks in the West" - 1983, pp. 106,107, and 108
    Takis Lappas "Livadia and Livadites in Eikosiena" 1971 p. 197

    External links

    Website for Kyriaki Viotias
    GTP - Greek Travel Pages
    Boeotian World - Kyriaki, Boeotia
    ERT, We Stay Greece-In Kyriaki, Boeotia [dead link]
    Table of Results of Permanent Population, Census 2011
    Sports in Kyriaki

    Municipal Community Kyriaki
    Agios Athanasios (Άγιος Αθανάσιος, ο)
    Karyoti (Καρυώτι, το)
    Kyriaki (Κυριάκι, το)
    Panagia Kalamiotissa (Παναγία Καλαμιώτισσα, η)
    Tarsos (Ταρσός, ο)

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