Kalyvia Myrtountion (Greek: Καλύβια Μυρτουντίων) is a village in the municipal unit of Vartholomio, Elis, Greece. Its 2001 population was 153.
Location and transportation
Kalyvia is located approx 80km southwest of Patras, west of Gastouni, west-northwest of Amaliada, approx 30km northwest of Pyrgos, east of Kyllini Baths and southeast of Kyllini.
The village has about 4 km of paved road and about 5 to 6 km of gravel road. It also has about 6 to 8 km of hydro lines and phone lines are around 4 to 5 km.
The area is primarily flat. Kalyvia is built on the banks of River Pineios (Peloponnese). Kalyvia is approx 4km from the Ionian Sea.
From the 2nd century BC to the 14th century AD, Kalyvia was at various times part of the Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire and the Latin Empire of Constantinople. From the 15th to the 19th centuries, Kalyvia was ruled by the Ottoman Turks. Kalyvia became liberated and a part of Greece after the Greek War of Independence in the 1820's. History between the Byzantine period and the war of independence was almost unrecorded. Kalyvia adopted its current name in the late 19th century. As the local primary school closed in the 1980's, students from Kalyvia attend primary and secondary school in nearby Vartholomio. In the 1960's and 1970's most of Kalyvia' older style homes were replaced by modern, earthquake-safe houses. Kalyvia became connected to Vartholomio with asphalt in the 1970s. More pavement was accessed in the late 20th century. Electricity, radio and automobiles were introduced in the mid-20th century, television in the late-20th century and computer and internet at the turn of the millennium. During the creation and recreation of the municipalities under the Capodistrian Plan in the late 1990s became a part of the municipality of Vartholomio. The patron saint of Kalyvia is Saint John Chrysostom.
Its main economy is agriculture, its main production includes olives, sheep, cattle, fruits, vegetables, grains and other crops.
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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