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Administrative Region : Central Macedonia
Regional unit : Chalkidiki

Kallithea (Καλλιθέα) Chalkidiki

Kallithea is a village and seat of the homonymous Municipal District in the Municipality of Kassandra in the prefecture of Chalkidiki. It has a population of 779 inhabitants (approx. 2001). Apart from the headquarters and the settlement of Solina, the Municipal District of Kallithea is occupied by only 18 inhabitants (2001). The main occupation of the inhabitants is the tourist enterprises. In the village there is a kindergarten and a Primary School. It is 85 km from Thessaloniki. It attracts hundreds of tourists each year due to its beaches and developed tourist infrastructure.

Historical data
Archeology

The area is of archaeological interest, as a sanctuary of Dionysus and the Nymphs has been excavated in Kallithea, part of the sanctuary of Ammon Zeus (who has been worshiped in the area since the 5th century BC) and the altar area. In the middle of the 4th century BC. A large Doric temple was built in honor of Ammon Zeus. Dionysus had already begun to be worshiped in the area from the 8th century BC, as revealed by a staircase carved into the rock and a cave dedicated to the worship of the god.

Ancient Christian basilica was discovered by archaeologists at the site of the Pipeline. [1] The peculiar, original and unique early Christian basilica dates back to the 6th century. Its middle aisle is occupied by an earlier building, which appears to have been a house of martyrdom.

Modern Times

The village was founded in 1925 by refugees from Asia Minor who settled in the area after the Asia Minor Catastrophe, who came from the village of Maltepe in the Propontis of Asia Minor, which was called Vryas in Antiquity and Pelekanon in Byzantium. The inhabitants named the settlement that they created, in memory of their homeland, Maltepe of Asia Minor, as the new Maltepe [3]. The main occupations of the inhabitants were agriculture and animal husbandry. The village after 1950 was renamed Nea Kallithea and finally Kallithea, due to the beautiful view it offers. In recent years, residents from the rest of Greece have also settled in the settlement.

Interesting is the Russian-style church of St. Panteleimon (as before the refugees settled, there was a farm in the area, owned by [4] Russian monks of Mount Athos), located near the sanctuary of Zeus. Also in the area there is an irrigation canal in the middle of the 19th century.

References

Ministry of Culture - 10th Ephorate of Byzantine Antiquities
Macedonian News Agency, February 9, 1996.
Chalkidiki: place of settlement of Asia Minor

"E-city.gr> Chalkidiki> Kallithea". Archived from the original on January 2, 2008. Retrieved January 27, 2008.

External links

Information about Kallithea
Kallithea, Chalkidiki [dead link]

Sources

Travel Guide, Central-Western Macedonia, published by Explorer, 2003.

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