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Administrative Region : Peloponnese
Regional unit : Messinia

Foiniki (Φοινίκη) Messinia

Foiniki [4], formerly referred to as Agatziki, is a settlement near Methoni and belongs administratively to the Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros, in the Prefecture of Messinia.

Location

Foiniki is located northeast of Methoni, about 6 km northwest of Foiniki, about 9 km. It has an altitude of 120 [1] [5] meters and is about 3 kilometers from the sea. Near Foiniki are located, to the northeast, Evangelismos at a distance of about 4 km, to the southwest, Kokkinia, at a distance of about 4 km, also to the south, Lambes at a distance of about 3 km respectively.

History

The village has a long history that follows the history of Messinia and the wider region of both Methoni and Pylia. The area of ​​the settlement, in antiquity, was part of the kingdom of Nestor, the ancient Pylos. The village has existed, at least since the years of Venetian rule, and its oldest name was Agatziki. Some of the villagers come from Arkades cattle breeders, also known as "anevokatevates", a name previously given to these shepherds, as in the spring they went up with their flocks to Arcadia, while in the winter they went down to the winters of Messinia. [6]

Second Venetian rule

Main entry: Territory of Methoni

At the time of the Second Venetian occupation, it was referred to as Agazuchi (Agazichi [7] or Agazichi [8]). The settlement is also mentioned in various censuses of the Venetian Providers of the Most Peaceful Republic of Venice, which took place during the thirty years (1683 / 84-1715), during which the Venetians occupied the Peloponnese. The village of Agazuchi (Agazuchi), belonged, in 1689, to the province of Methoni (Territorio di Modon), which was one of the 4 provinces, which then divided the district of Methoni (Fanari province, Arcadia province, Navarino province and province Methoni). Based on the Venetian Corner census of 1689, the village had 25 inhabitants. [7]
Administrative history

Agatsiki or Agatziki [9] was originally annexed in 1835, [10] to the old Municipality of Nea Kriti. [11] Only 5 years later, in 1840, [12] the settlement was detached from the Municipality of New Crete and annexed to the old Municipality of Methoni, [13] where it remained until 1912 when the municipality was abolished. The village, at least from 1844 to 1851, was officially referred to as Agatsiki, while from 1851 to 1889 it was referred to as Agatziki. From 1889 to 1896 it was referred to as Agatziki and from 1896 to 1912 again as Agatziki. From 1912 to 1927 the village was officially referred to as Agantziki. The village is mentioned, in 1853, also as Agatziki in the second volume of the "Greek" of Iakovos Rizos Ragavis, as a village of the Municipality of Methoni of the Province of Pylia with a population of 42 inhabitants, based on the census of 1851. [14] The seat of the Municipality of Methoni at that time, based on the same source, was the town of Methoni. In 1912 [15] Agantziki was initially annexed to the Community of Grivitsa, [16] based in Grivitsa (now Evangelismos). Only a year later, in 1913, [17] Agantziki was detached from the community of the Community of Grivitsa and re-annexed to the Community of Methoni. [18] In 1927 [19] Agantziki was renamed Foiniki. In 1966, [20] Foiniki seceded from the Methoni Community and became the seat of the Foiniki Community. [21] The village remained the seat of the Community of Foiniki, from 1966 to 1997, when, as part of the changes that took place in the local government, through the "Kapodistrias" plan, Foiniki came under the abolished Municipality of Methoni, [22] [23] until 2010. From 2011, after the new changes of the "Kallikratis" plan, Foiniki now belongs to the new Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros. [24] [25] This municipality was established with the Kallikratis Program with the merger of the pre-existing municipalities of Koroni, Methoni, Papaflessa, Pylos, Nestoros and Chiliochoria. Foiniki today is a settlement and seat of the Local Community of Foiniki of the Municipality of Pylos-Nestoros, [4] to which the Lamps also belong (a newly established settlement that was recognized in 2011).

Residents

The settlement, based on the 2011 census, has 97 permanent residents, who are mainly employed in various agricultural activities, as well as tourism.
Population Development of Foiniki Messinia Census Population Development Chart of Population
1689 14 [7]
1844 75 [26]
1851 42 [14]
1879 125 [27] [7]
1889 141 [28]
1896 190 [29]
1907 240 [30]
1920 172 [31]
1928 162 [32]
1940 211 [33]
1951 248 [34]
1961 215 [35]
1971 182 [36]
1981 140 [37]
1991 104 [38]
2001 107 [39]
2011 97 [40]

Buildings - attractions

In addition to the traditional houses, there is the old Primary School, which first operated in 1951 [41] and the churches of the village, the Holy Temple of Agios Athanasios, built in 1840 [41] and the Church of Agios Ioannis ( cemetery church), which belong to the Holy Diocese of Messinia. Further south of the village in the direction of Lampes is also the Holy Temple of the Holy Zone, which celebrates on August 31. [42]
"Lampes" Beach

At a distance of about 3 kilometers south of the village, is the settlement of Lampes and its beach, Lampes Beach, which has a beach with golden sand, clear waters and is also organized with direct access, from the provincial road Methoni-Koroni. [42 ] This beach is essentially divided, due to the nature of the soil, into two smaller smaller beaches, also known as the "Front Lights" and the "Back Lights". [43] [44]

See also

Methoni
Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros
Administrative division of the Regional Unit of Messinia
Administrative division of the prefecture of Messinia
former Municipality of Methoni

References

Foiniki, from the website: buk.gr
Foiniki Messinia Postal Code.
Telephone codes of Greece, Zone 27: Pylos: 27230
Municipal Unit of Methoni Archived 2013-11-30 at Wayback Machine., From the website: www.pylos-nestor.gr of the Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros.
Evangelismos, from the website: moriasnow.gr.
"Shepherds of Arcadia in the winters of Messinia", 01/12/2016, Republishing of the article "Vlachs and Arvanites in Moria", from the newspaper "Arkadikos Orizontes", based on the book of Nikos Pasagiotis in Messinia ", V. Giannikos - V. Kaldis publications, Athens 2001, ISBN 960-7296-63-X, ISBN 978-960-7296-63-4, from the website of the local media www.arkadiapress.gr
Spyridon Lambros, "Census of the Prefecture of Methoni during the Venetian Archive 2015-12-09 at the Wayback Machine.", Bulletin of the Historical and Ethnological Society of Greece, Volume 2 Archived 2017-11-06 at the Wayback Machine. Athens 1883, pp. 686-710. From the Digital Library of the University of Ioannina, Census 1689, No. 3 Agazuchi - Census 1879, No. 3 Agatziki, pp. 698-699.
Konstantinos Dokos, "BREVE DESCRITTONE DEL REGNO DI MOREA. Narrative historical source or official Venetian document of the Second Venetian rule in the Peloponnese?", "EOA AND ESPERIA", Vol 1, DOI.18: eoaesperia.24 Athens 1993, p. 110 (Secondo Territorio di Modon- Agazichi), p. 125 (Provincia di Messenia).
Settlement Administrative Changes> Agatziki (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
21-04-1835.
Residential Changes> D. Nea Kritis (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 22A - 18/12/1840.
Settlement Administrative Changes> D. Methoni (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Iakovou R. Ragavi, The Greek, In Athens, 1853, volume two, p. 575.
Government Gazette 262A - 31/08/1912.
Administrative Changes of Settlements of K. Grivitsa (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 200A - 09/10/1913.
Administrative Changes of Settlements of K. Methoni (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 306A - 22/12/1927.
Government Gazette 88A - 22/04/1966.
Administrative Changes of Settlements of K. Foinikis (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Settlement Administrative Changes> D. Methoni (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Government Gazette 244A - 04/12/1997.
Government Gazette 87A - 07/06/2010.
Administrative changes of settlements> D. Pylou-Nestoros (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
Stamatakis, I. D., "Geographical Table of Greece, Containing the Names, Distances and Population of the Municipalities, Towns of Cities and Villages. / Dismissed from various official documents of the Northern Government, and published under I. D. Stamataki" . From the Printing House of G. Vlassaridou. In Athens 1846, p. 46.
Ministry of Interior, "Statistics of Greece - Population 1879, from the Printing House of SK Vlastos, In Athens 1881. Also:" Statistics of Greece - Population 1879 ", p. 122.
Ministry of Interior, Department of Public Economy and Statistics, "Statistics of Greece - Population - Census of 15-16 April 1889", Part Two - Tables A, from the National Printing Office and Lithography, In Athens 1890, p. 88.
Ministry of Interior, Department of Public Economy and Statistics, "Statistical Results of the Population Census, on October 5-6, 1896", Part Two - Tables - First Population by Prefectures, District, Municipalities, by the National Printing Office and Lithography, Athens 1897, p. 104.
Ministry of the Interior, Census Service, Statistical Results of the General Census of the Population, on October 27, 1907 ", Edited by: Georgiou Chomatianou, volume two, from the Printing House of Michael Nikolaidou, In Athens 1909, p. 394.
Υπουργείο Εθνικής Οικονομίας, Διεύθυνσις Στατιστικής, "Πληθυσμός του Βασιλείου της Ελλάδος, κατά την Απογραφήν της 19 Δεκεμβρίου 1920", εκ του Εθνικού Τυπογραφείου, Εν Αθήναις 1921. Επίσης: "Population of the Kingdom of Greece, during the Census of 19 December 1920", p. 236.
Ministry of National Economy, General Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of 15-16 May 1928". (Actual population ratified by the decree of 23 November 1928), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1935. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of 15-16 May 1928", p. 275.
Ministry of National Economy, General Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the census of October 16, 1940". (Real population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community, cities and villages), from the National Printing Office, En Athinais 1950. Also: "Population of Greece, during the Census of October 16, 1940", p. 303.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of April 7, 1951". (Real population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community, cities and villages), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1955. Also: “Population of Greece, during the Census of April 7, 1951 Archived 2013-05-14 at Wayback Machine. ", p. 148.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of March 19, 1961". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community and settlements. Ratified by the joint decision no. 46929/6877/1961 of the Ministers of Coordination and Interior), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1962. Also: "Population of Greece , during the Census of 19 March 1961 ", p. 143.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of March 14, 1971". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community and settlements. Ratified by Joint Decision No. 3893 / Ε637 / 1972 of the Ministers Assistant to the Prime Minister and Interior), Athens 1972. Also: “Population of Greece, during its Census March 14, 1971 ", p. 139.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece during the Census of April 5, 1981". (Ratified by 7908 / Δ'554 / 12-4-1982 joint decision of the Ministers of Coordination and Interior), Athens 1982. Also: "Real Population of Greece during the Census of April 5, 1981", p. 150.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece during the Census of March 17, 1991". (It was ratified by 24197 / C '3812 / 24-11-1993 joint decision of the Ministers of National Economy and Interior), Athens 1994. Also: "Real Population of Greece during the Census of 17 March 1991", p. 182.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Real Population of Greece. Census 2001". (It was ratified by 6821 / Γ5-908 / 4-6-2002 joint decision of the Ministers of Economy and Finance and Interior, Public Administration and Decentralization), Athens 2003. Also: "Real Population of Greece. Census 2001", p. 184.
"Census of Population - Housing 2011. Permanent Population", Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT).
Foiniki Messinia, Archival and audio-visual research material, from the website: repository.academyofathens.gr of the "Hellenic Society Research Center" (KEEK) of the Academy of Athens.
"Messinia: Olive Culture in the land of Messinia" - "Messinia. The Olive Culture in the Messinian Land", Biotourism Guide - Biotouristic Guide, from the website: biopolitics.gr, Biotourism - Olive Culture in the land of Messinia, edition: "Biopolitics International Organization" - "International Biopolitics Organization", Athens 2015, ISBN 978-960-7508-55-3, section: "Phoenix Lamps: Dream Beach", p. 212.
Lampes Beach Archived 2018-05-17 at Wayback Machine., From the website: pylos.info/gr

Toponyms of Methoni: 71. Lamps, from the website: methonitv.gr of the local media "Methoni Tv", based on the study of Vassilios Ilias Miskiotis, "Persons and issues of Methoni of the 19th and 20th Century", part two, Methoni 2011.

Sources

The inventions of the Provocateurs of the Most Peaceful Republic of Venice, Corner (1689), Grimani (1700) Angelo Emo (perhaps 1708), the undated census of Querini-Stampalia (perhaps 1711), are four of the various Venetian manuscripts. , which were attempted during the period of thirty years (1683 / 84-1715), during which the Venetians occupied the Peloponnese. To date, only the Grimani census has been published in full, by the historical and esteemed director of research of the National Research Foundation (EIE) Vassilis Panagiotopoulos, in his work "Population and settlements of the Peloponnese. 13th - 18th century", (1985).
Vassilis Panagiotopoulos, "Population and settlements of the Peloponnese. 13th - 18th century", Series: Studies in Modern Greek History, translation: Christina Agriantoni, edited by: Angeliki Kokkou, published by Emporiki Bank of Greece - Historical Archive: 1987, Athens 2, 1985.
Konstantinos Dokos, "BREVE DESCRITTONE DEL REGNO DI MOREA. Narrative historical source or official Venetian document of the Second Venetian rule in the Peloponnese?", "EOA AND ESPERIA", Vol 1, DOI.18: eoaesperia.24 Athens 1993.
Spyridon Lambros, "Census of the Prefecture of Methoni during the Venetians", Bulletin of the Historical and Ethnological Society of Greece, volume 2, From the Printing House of the Perri Brothers, In Athens 1883, pp. 686-710. From the Digital Library of the University of Ioannina.

External links

Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros, from the website: www.pylos-nestor.gr of the Municipality of Pylos - Nestoros.
Foinikis Cultural Association - The Foiniki Cultural Association.

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