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Administrative Region : East Macedonia and Thrace
Regional unit : Kavala

Elafochori (Ελαφοχώρι) Kavala

Elafochori (until 1926 Karatzova [1]) is a mountain village in the municipality of Nestos in the regional unit of Kavala, in the region of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace. According to the 2011 census, it has a population of 62 permanent residents. [2]
General and historical data

Elafochori is built at an altitude of 500 meters and is located northeast of Kavala [3], in the wider area of ​​the Lekani mountain range [4].

At the beginning of the 20th century it was a Muslim village and was known as Karatza Ovasi. According to the statistics of the Greek army of 1911, it had 409 inhabitants. [5] After its annexation to Greece, it was called Karatzova, while in 1926 it received its current name.

After the exchange of populations between Greece and Turkey, 62 families of Greek refugees settled in Elafochori. [6] According to the 1928 census it had 234 inhabitants, and in the following censuses the course of the population is as follows: 1940: 174 k., 1951: 253 k., 1961: 213 k., 1971: 111 k., 1981: 140 k. ., 1991: 75 k. [3] In 1934, Elafochori was detached from the community of Makrychori and was designated the seat of the community of Elafochori, in the province of Nestos. With the Kapodistrias program, it joined the municipality of Orinou [7] and since 2011 it belongs to the Kallikratikos municipality of Nestos.

Samples of traditional architecture are preserved in the village. Unique in terms of the area of ​​the former municipality of Orinos are the two-storey flat-fronted houses with loggias on the large side of the ground floor that are preserved in Elafochori. [8]

During the Bulgarian Occupation, Elafochori was destroyed by the Bulgarian army because it was the base of ELAS guerrillas, while its inhabitants were forced to evacuate it. [4] The Macedonian warrior Michael Paliouras came from the settlement. [9]

Population censuses
Census 1928 1940 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2001 2011
Population 234 [3] 174 [3] 253 [3] 213 [3] 111 [3] 140 [3] 75 [3] 118 [10] 62 [2]

References

"Karatzova - Elafochori". Receiver. National Documentation Center. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
"Elafochori (the) Municipality of Nestos Local Community of Elafochori. Kavala - Macedonia ". dhmos.gr. Municipalities, cities and villages of Greece. Retrieved March 6, 2017. [dead link]
Michael Stamatelatos, Fotini Vamba Stamatelatou (2001). Short Geographical Dictionary of Greece. Athens: Hermes. pp. 203. ISBN 960-320-133-2.
Tasos Hadjianastasiou, Rebels and Captains. The National Resistance against the Bulgarian Occupation of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace 1942 - 1944, Kyriakidis Brothers Publishing House, Thessaloniki, 2003, p. 199.
"The population of the Sari Shaban area (Chrysoupoli)". Dimitris Lithoxou. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
"Refugee settlement - Kavala (Kavala) Office". Dimitris Lithoxou. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
"Elafochori (Kavala)". Administrative changes of settlements. ΕΕΤΑΑ. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
"Study of morphological rules of construction and architecture in the areas inside and outside settlements up to 2,000 inhabitants in the peripheral units of Kavala and Thassos". ΥΠΕΚΑ. Retrieved February 12, 2017. [dead link]
Ioannis S. Koliopoulos (scientific supervisor), Invisible, Indigenous Macedonian Warriors, Society for Macedonian Studies, University Studio Press, Thessaloniki, 2008, p. 66.
"Population Censuses 2001 and 1991". statistics.gr. Retrieved March 26, 2017.

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Elafochori Evros
Elafochori Kavala

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