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Chalkidiki or Chalcidice or Khalkidhikí or Halkidiki (in Greek Χαλκιδική) is one of the fifty-one prefectures of Greece. It is located in the southeastern portion of Macedonia (Central Macedonia). The Cholomontas or the Cholomon mountains lie in the northcentral part. It consists of a large peninsula in the northwestern Aegean Sea, resembling a hand with three "feet" (Pallene (now Kassandra), Sithonia, and Athos). The monasteries of Mount Athos are located on the most easterly of the "feet".

Stageira, Birthplace of Aristotle

Chalkidice Coin, Apollo and a Lyre with seven strings, inscriptions "Chalkideon"

In ancient times, Chalcidice was part of Thrace until conquered by Macedon. The first Greek settlers in this area came from Chalcis (the area around Chalcis was also known as Chalcidice) and Eretria, cities in Euboea, around the 8th century BC who founded cities such as Mende, Torone and Scione, a second wave came from Andros in the 6th century BC. The ancient city of Stageira was the birthplace of Aristotle.


Chalkidice 1741

Capital of Chalcidice is the city of Polygyros, located in the center of the peninsula.

In June 2003, at the hotel Porto Carras located in Neos Marmaras, Sithonia the EU leaders created the first draft of the European constitution. See History of the European Constitution for developments after this point.

The only prefectural boundary is with the Thessaloniki prefecture located to the north.

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A beautiful view of Golden Beach, in Kallikrateia, Chalkidiki

Chalkidice, Arnaia (or Arnea)

Television

  • Chalkidiki TV - Polygyros
  • Nea Moudania TV - Nea Moudania

Transportation

GR-18, NW, W, SW, Cen., NE

Chalcidice is one of the prefectures that are not linked by any railway.

Ancient sites

Beach of Vourvourou, Sithonia, Chalcidice

The Athos peninsula as seen from the summit of Mount Athos (40°9′28″N, 24°19′36″E), looking north-west

Places

Persons

Statistics
Periphery: Central Macedonia
Capital: Polygyros
Area: 2,945 km²
Elevation: Lowt: sea level
High: Cholomontas/Cholomon
Inhabitants: 105,156 (2001)
Population density: 35.71/km²
ISO 3166-2: GR-59
FIPS code: GR07
Car designation: XK
Code for the municipalities: 18xx
Number of municipalities: 14
Number of independent communes: none
Area/distance code: 11-30-237x0 (030-237x0)
23990 in Kallikratia and
Kassandra
Postal code 63x xx
Name of inhabitants: Chalcidicean sing.
-s pl.
2-letter abbreviation/HASC: KD

Tsamis Karatasios

Place

Today

Ancient Place Position Population Function
Kassandra
Kallithea Neapolis East, Seaside 779 Center of Tourism , Kassandra
Afytos Afytos Kassandra, South coast, North 1.231  
Nea Fokaia Phokaia Kassandra, South coast, North 1.721  
Paliouri Theraminos South 826  
Kassandreia Kassandreia North 2.801  
Sithonia
Nikiti   West coast, North, Seaside 2.769  
Agios Nikolaos Singos South coast, North, 1,5 km from the Sea 1.925  
Neos Marmaras Galepsos West coast, center, Seaside 2.854  
Sykia   South coast, 3 km from the Sea 2.353  
Athos
Ouranoupolis Sane (Sani) West coast, North of Athos 960  
Central Part
Nea Moudania   West coast, North of Kassandra, Seaside 6.475 Port and Fishing center
Nea Kallikrateia   West coast, Seaside 6.204  
Nea Plagia   West coast, Seaside 1.249  
Ormilia Sermyle North Coast 3.272  
Olynthos Olynthos, Mekyberna North Coast 1.131  
Arnea   Nordrand Cholomontas-Mountains, 2.253  
Polygyros Apollonia Westrand Cholomontas-Mountains, 5.040 Capital of Prefecture, Hospital
Megali Panagia   Central part 2.727  
Ierissos Akanthos South coast, 3.046 Important Harbour
Galatista   West, 2.662  
Paleochori   Center, 1.507  
Taxiarchis   Center, Cholomontas 1.070  

Municipalities

Municipality YPES code Seat Postal code Area code ((0)30-)
Anthemountas 5201 Galatista 630 73 23710-32
Arnaia 5202 Arnaia 630 47 23720-2
Kallikrateia 5204 Nea Kallikratia 630 80 23990-2
Kassandra 5205 Kassandra 630 77 23990-2
Moudania 5206 Nea Moudania 632 00 23730-2
Ormylia 5207 Ormylia 630 71 23710-41
Pallini 5208 Pefkochori Chanioti 630 85 23740-5
Panagia 5209 Mega Panaria 620 76 23730-3
Polygyros 5210 Polygyros 631 00 23710-2
5211 Agios Anathasios 630 88 23750-2
Stagira-Akanthos 5212 Ierissos 630 72 23770-2
Toroni 5213 Sykia 630 72 23750-41
Triglia 5214 Nea Triglia 630 79 23750-5
Zervochoria 5203 Palaiochora 630 73 23710-6

Ancient Stagira

Greece :

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