Ano Vrontou (Greek: Άνω Βροντού; Bulgarian: Горно Броди, Gorno Brodi) is a remote mountain village and a former community in the northern Serres regional unit, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Serres, of which it is a municipal unit. In 2001 its population was 452. Ano Vrontou is situated in the northeastern part of the Vrontous mountains, at about 1060 m elevation. It borders on the Drama regional unit to the north and east. Ano Vrontou is 6 km northwest of Kato Vrontou, 12 km east of Achladochori, 13 km northeast of Oreini, 16 km southwest of Kato Nevrokopi and 26 km northeast of Serres.
Brodi (now Vrontou) was first mentioned in the 14th century in a letter from the Serbian tsar Stefan Dušan to Rayko, the ruler of Brodi and Trilisa (now Vathytopos). The Ottomans conquered the area and ruled until the Balkan Wars. Prior to the Second Balkan Wars, it had a Bulgarian majority and a Turkish minority.
It had around 2,700 Bulgarian inhabitants in 1873. By 1900, its population rose to 6,100 Bulgarian Christians. In 1905 according to the secretary of the exarch Dimitar Mishev the settlement had around 6,480 Bulgarian exarchists and 240 Bulgarian patriarchists, making it one of the largest places in the area.
The village had a large activity by VMORO in an Ottoman province. In 1903, the large settlement was visited by Gotse Delchev from the Vanisha. In 1913, it had 1,100 houses and 8,000 inhabitants. In the Balkan Wars, the area was conquered and occupied by Greece and its residents fled northward to Bulgaria, 200 of them to Nevrokop (now Gotse Delchev) and 300 fled to Plovdiv. They were replaced by Greeks that fled from Asia Minor and Eastern Thrace during the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922).
Dimo Hadjidimov, Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO) revolutionary leader
Tasos Stambouloglou (b. 1938), Greek poet and literary critic
Georgi Sivkov (1909–1964) Leader of the Bulgarian Fatherland Front Otechstven Front
List of settlements in the Serres regional unit
^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
Aerial Photographs of Ano Vrontou at airphotos.gr
Ano Vrontou at the GTP Travel Pages
Municipalities and communities of the Serres Prefecture
Achinos | Alistrati | Amfipoli | Emmanouil Pappas | Irakleia | Kapetan Mitrousi | Kerkini | Kormista | Lefkonas | Nea Zichni | Nigrita | Petritsi | Proti | Rodolivos | Serres | Sidirokastro | Skotousa | Skoutari | Strymonas | Strymoniko | Tragilos |Visaltia
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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