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Alexandria in Ariana was a city in what is now present-day Afghanistan, one of the twenty-plus cities founded or renamed by Alexander the Great. The third largest Afghan city, Herat, is the city's modern name.[1]

In 330BC the Greek armies of Alexander, moved the capital of the satrap of Aria[2] from Artacoana to the site of Herat.[3] In doing this he expanded an existing Persian fortress.

Pliny[4] places it on the river Arias and Eratosthenes places it nearby, while Ptolemy places it near a Lake Arius.[5]

Alexandria in Ariana is listed on the Parthian Stations Itinerarium and is also shown on the Tabula Peutingeriana.


References

^ Alexander the Great: his towns
^ Pliny vi 61 93
^ Strabo, xi 8,9 and 10.
^ Pliny, Natural History vi 23

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Alexandria
Alexandria Arachosia
Alexandria Ariana
Alexandria Bucephalous
Alexandria of the Caucasus
Alexandria Eschate
Alexandria on the Indus

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^ Ptolemy, Geography vi 17

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