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Administrative Region : Peloponnese
Regional unit : Messinia

Agrilos (Άγριλος) Messinia

Agrilis [4] or Agrilos (official name), or Agrili (common name) is a coastal settlement near Filiatra and is administratively part of the Municipality of Trifylia, in the regional unit of Messinia.

Location

The settlement is located northwest of Filiatra and southwest of Kyparissia, at zero altitude 0 m. [1] [5] from the sea. It is watered by the waters of the Ionian Sea and is about 6 km from Filiatra and about 9 km from Kyparissia.

History
Roman and Byzantine times

The exact time when the original settlement of Agrilis was formed is not known. However, from the discovery of ancient Roman tombs, [6] which had been found earlier, it is concluded that the area where the present village of Agrili is located, which was recognized as a settlement only in 1940, [7] was inhabited at least since Roman times and had a special development during the Byzantine era. [4] [8] The existence of a highly developed Byzantine settlement is considered possible by the remarkable Byzantine church of the village, but also by the traces of an old cobbled road to the then prosperous diocese, Christianoupolis, whose trade seems to have served the port of the village. Between the 8th and 12th centuries, the region of Agrili was called "Airousali", probably in a version of the Roman or Slavic word "rosalia", which was Greekized in Rousalia (probably from the Roman "feast of the dead"). [8] Agrilis is dominated by Panagia Agriliotissa, which according to local traditions, was built in the 13th century on the ruins of an ancient temple, probably dedicated to Artemis, with a parallel legend linking its construction with the Byzantine emperor John XVI Palaiologos. 4]

Turkish rule

The church of Panagia Agriliotissa suffered significant damage during Ibrahim's campaign in the Peloponnese in 1825, which was restored shortly afterwards by the monk Parthenios. The area was looted many times by pirates and for reasons of greater security most of the villagers fled to Filiatra. [8] [4]
19th and 20th centuries

After the liberation of the area, between 1838 and 1843, the olives were uprooted, and the planting of raisins began. Besides, from these "wild olives" that existed there before, the village got its newer name, according to local traditions, but also the official version of the Municipality of Trifylia. [4] [8] From the middle of the 19th century, with the "Raisin Society" merchant ships from Europe moored in the port of Agrili to load the exceptional fruit of the raisin. The area of ​​Agrili, Agia Kyriaki, as well as Filiatra itself, experienced a great economic boom during this period. [4] In 1861, Baraka was built in the settlement, which was a meeting, recreation and trade center for raisins. [8] [4] In 1865, in the area of ​​Agrilis, the then Prime Minister Sotirios Sotiropoulos was abducted by robbers and held captive for 36 days, until ransom was paid by his family and he was released. [4] The settlement of Agrili suffered significant damage from the earthquake of 1886. [6] At the beginning of the 20th century and as the boom of raisin cultivation passed, the inhabitants of Agrili, like those of the neighboring Filiatra, gradually turned to other forms of cultivation. [4]

Administrative history

Agrilos was recognized in 1940 [9] and annexed to the then Municipality of Filiatra, [10] while from 1997, in the context of the changes that occurred in the local government, through the "Kapodistrias" plan, until 2010 he remained administratively in the abolished Municipality of Filiatra . [11] Since 2011, after the new changes of the "Kallikratis" plan, it now belongs to the new Municipality of Trifylia. [12] [4] This municipality was established with the Kallikratis Program with the merger of the pre-existing municipalities of Aetos, Avlonos, Gargaliana, Kyparissia, Filiatra and the community of Tripyla.


Residents

The settlement, based on the 2011 census, has 128 permanent residents, who are employed in tourism and various agricultural work. In summer the population increases due to tourism. [4]
Population Development of Agrilos Trifylia Messinia Census Population Diagram of Population Evolution
1940 113 [13]
1951 78 [14]
1961 95 [15]
1971 26 [16]
1981 25 [17]
1991 131 [18]
2001 424 [19]
2011 128 [20]

Buildings - attractions - events

The settlement consists mainly of farmhouses and cottages. Most of the daily needs of the inhabitants are usually served in Filiatra. In the area of ​​the settlement there are also various tourist facilities with rooms-apartments for rent. [4] The other attractions of the settlement, apart from the Beach of Agrilos [21] and its Byzantine church, include the "Castle of fairy tales", which was built in the 1960s, after a donation from Dr. Char. Fournaraki. [6] The village of Agrili is evolving into a seaside resort with several holiday centers. In Agrilis, the "Club of Friends of Agrilis" organizes various events and cultural events, which was founded in 1970 with headquarters in Athens and a branch in Filiatra. [22]

See also

Kisses
Municipality of Trifylia
Administrative division of the Regional Unit of Messinia
Administrative division of the prefecture of Messinia
former Municipality of Filiatra

References

Agrilos, from the website: buk.gr
Postal Code Agrilos Trifylia Messinia.
Telephone codes of Greece, Zone 27: Filiatra: 27610
1) Δ.Κ. Filiatron: Agrilos = Agrilis, from the website: www.dimostrifylias.gr of the Municipality of Trifylia.
Wild, from the website: moriasnow.gr.
"Messinia: Olive Culture in the land of Messinia" - "Messinia. The Olive Culture in the Messinian Land", Biotourism Guide - Biotourism Guide, from the website: biopolitics.gr, Biotourism - Olive Culture in the land of Messinia, edition: "Biopolitics International Organization" - "International Biopolitics Organization", Athens 2015, ISBN 978-960-7508-55-3, p. 354.
16/10/1940.
Costa A. Spanou, "Our Agrilis in legends, traditions and history", Agrilis 2003, from the website: http://www.agrilis.gr of the "Group of Friends of Agrilis", p. 13.
Administrative Changes of Settlements> Agrilos (Messinia), from the website: www.eetaa.gr
16/10/1940.
Government Gazette 244A - 04/12/1997.
Government Gazette 87A - 07/06/2010.
Ministry of National Economy, General Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the census of October 16, 1940". (Actual population by prefectures, provinces, municipalities, communities, cities and villages), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1950. Also: "Population of Greece, according to the Census of October 16, 1940", p. 305.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of April 7, 1951". (Actual population by prefectures, province, municipalities, community, cities and villages), from the National Printing Office, In Athens 1955. Also: “Population of Greece, during the Census of April 7, 1951 Archived 2013-05-14 in Wayback Machine. ", p. 149.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of March 19, 1961". (Actual population by prefectures, provinces, municipalities, communities and settlements. Ratified by the joint decision No. 46929/6877/1961 of the Ministers of Coordination and Interior), from the National Printing Office, in Athens 1962. Also: "Population of Greece , during the Census of 19 March 1961 ", p. 144.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Population of Greece during the Census of March 14, 1971". (Actual population by prefectures, provinces, municipalities, communities and settlements. Ratified by the joint decision No. 3893 / Ε637 / 1972 of the Assistant Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior), Athens 1972. Also: March 14, 1971 ", p. 140.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Actual Population of Greece during the Census of April 5, 1981". (Ratified by 7908 / Δ'554 / 12-4-1982 joint decision of the Ministers of Coordination and Interior), Athens 1982. Also: "Actual Population of Greece during the Census of April 5, 1981", p. 150.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Actual Population of Greece during the Census of March 17, 1991". (Ratified by 24197 / C '3812 / 24-11-1993 joint decision of the Ministers of National Economy and Interior), Athens 1994. Also: "Actual Population of Greece during the Census of March 17, 1991", p. 183.
National Statistical Service of Greece, "Actual Population of Greece. Census 2001". (Ratified by 6821 / Γ5-908 / 4-6-2002 joint decision of the Ministers of Economy and Finance and Interior, Public Administration and Decentralization), Athens 2003. Also: "Actual Population of Greece. Census 2001", p. 186.
"Population - Housing Census 2011. Permanent Population", Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT).
Beaches> Coasts of the Municipal Unit of Filiatra> Agrilos, from the website: www.dimostrifylias.gr of the Municipality of Trifylia.

"Agrili Friends Group", from the website: www.agrilis.gr

Sources

Costa A. Spanou, "Our Agrilis in legends, traditions and history", Agrilis 2003, from the website: http://www.agrilis.gr of the "Friends of Agrili Group".
Kati Aroni-Tsichli, "The raisin issue and the social struggles. Peloponnese 1893-1905 "," Papazisi "publications, Athens 1999, ISBN 960-02-1321-6, ISBN 978-960-02-1321-8.
Source: Nasi Balta's article, entitled: "The culture of raisins. Raisin cultivation in the Peloponnese of the 19th century, the economic crisis and the revolt of the cultivators. The political, cultural and social context", 06/02/2000, in newspaper To Vima.

External links

Municipality of Trifylia, from the website: www.dimostrifylias.gr of the Municipality of Trifylia.
"Agrili Friends Group", from the website: www.agrilis.gr

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