- Art Gallery -

 

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Ο Εντγκάρ Ντεγκά (Edgar Degas) (πλήρες όνομα (γαλλ. Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas) 19 Ιουλίου 1834-27 Σεπτεμβρίου 1917 ήταν Γάλλος ζωγράφος, χαράκτης και γλύπτης, από τους σημαντικότερους του 19ου αι., που υπό ορισμένες προϋποθέσεις ανήκει στο κίνημα του ιμπρεσιονισμού·[1] κατά την έκφραση του Μπωντλαίρ «αγαπούσε το ανθρώπινο σώμα σαν μια αρμονία υλική, σαν ένα ωραίο αρχιτεκτόνημα, και πάνω από όλα την κίνηση».

Paintings

After the Bath, Woman drying herself

At the Cafe Chateaudun

Ballet Dancers

Beach Scene.

Combing the Hair (La Coiffure)

Hélène Rouart in her Father's Study

Miss La La at the Cirque Fernando

Portrait of Elena Carafa

Princess Pauline de Metternich

Promenade beside the Sea

Russian Dancers

Young Woman with Ibis

Dancers Practicing at the Barre

The Rehearsal of the Ballet Onstage

The Dancing Class

Three Dancers Preparing for Class

A Group of Dancers

After the bath woman drying herself

After the Bath. Seated Woman Drying Herself

At the Races in the Countryside

Ballet at the Paris Opera

Resting Dancer

The Ballet

Ballet Dancer with Arms Crossed

Ballet Rehearsal on Stage

Before the Performance

Billiard Room at Menil-Hubert

Dancers

Dancers

Dancers at the Barre

After the Bath (Woman Drying Herself)

Interior

The Ballet Class

Getting out of the bathtub

Ballett, seen from a Loge

Ballet rehearsal


Ballet rehearsal


Ballet hall of the opera in the Rue Peletier


Ballet School


Ballet scene


Stage rehearsal


The ballet


The millinery business ( In the milliner )


The Absinthe


The amateur


The dance hall


The curtain falls


New Orleans Cotton Exchange


The Body Care


The Prima Ballerina


Singer with a Glove


The Dancer at the Photographer


The Dance Class


Three Russian Dancers

Three Dancers


Three dancers in a practice room


End of the Arabesque


Woman at the window


Woman at Her Toilette


Woman at Her Toilette


Woman at Her Toilette


Woman while rubbing


Woman in the tub , her back washing


Woman in the bathtub


Rehearsal of the ballet on stage


Hand study


Harlequin and Colombine


Riders before the start


In the concert café " Les Ambassadeurs "


In the concert café : The Song of the Dog


In the Tuileries : Woman with a Parasol


Racehorses in Front of the Grandstand.


Kneeling woman


Copy of Menzel's Ballsouper


After the Bath


After the Bath


After the Bath Woman Drying Herself


Horse racing prior to the start


Portrait of the Bellelli Family


Portrait of Madame René de Gas


Portrait of Miss Cassatt, holding the cards


Portrait of Diego Martelli


Portrait of Count Lepic and His Daughters


Portrait of Henri Valpinçon


Portrait of a young woman


Portrait of Mademoiselle Dobigny


Rider in a Landscape


Racehorses : The Training


Racehorses at Longchamp


Lake and Mountains


Self-portrait


Bowing dancers


Seated Woman


Still life with lizard


Beach at low tide


Dancer


Dancer


Dancer in her box


Dancer with bouquet ( Star of the Ballet )


Dancers


Dancers


Dancers at the barre


Dancers behind a backdrop


Dancers their shoes binding


Dancers in the Foyer


Dancers in Blue


Dancers in a landscape


Dancers in Green


Dancers in pink between the scenes


Theater loge


Four dancers


Prior to the start ( jockeys during training )


During the dance lesson : Madame Cardinal


Two ironing women


Two women washing

Before the Race

Dancers at Green-Room

Dancers behind the Scenes

Landscape, the Sunset

Drawings

Woman Drying Her Foot

Woman Combing Her Hair

Woman with a Towel

Two Dancers

Bather Drying Herself

Portraits at the Stock Exchange

Woman Bathing in a Shallow Tub

The Singer in Green

Woman in Yellow

Woman Standing

Dancer

Dancer Adjusting Her Slipper

Dancer Stretching

Nude rising in the bathtub


Nude Study of a rider


On a bed resting girl


On a chaise lounge sitting and drying off, female nude


Ballet dancer in three-quarter front view


Ballet dancer from behind


Ballet dancers in half figure


At the milliner


At the milliner


When styling


When styling


Ironer against the light


Lady with binoculars


The Opera Glass


Ceiling construction of the Circus Fernando


The violinist


The violinist


The green dancers


The singer Rose Caron with raised left arm , back figure


The strengthening after the bath


The dancer Josephine Gaujelin


The dance rehearsal


The daughter of Jephthah

The Entertainment

The fourteen year old dancer


Double Portrait of Giovanna and Giulia Bellelli


Three Nuns


Three Nuns


Three horses , seen from behind


Three Russian Dancers


Three Studies of a horse- jockeys


Three studies on the hindquarters of a horse


Three Dancers behind the scenes


Fan blade : dancers


Figure with a long robe


Figure study after Botticelli


Figure Study after Michelangelo


Figure studies after Michelangelo


Figure studies after Michelangelo


robe study


robe studies


Houses on cliffs above a bay


Hermann de Clermont


Jockey on trotting horse , in profile


Jockey in profile


Jockey leaning back in the saddle


Jockey bent forward in the saddle standing


Jockeys during training


John the Baptist


Young lady in street costume


Young Roman


Little dancer on the pole


Little Dancer , is resting


Nude boy in profile with his ​​legs spread


Nude boy with arms raised and legs spread


Compositional study after Poussin


Compositional study after Uccello


Concert Café singer


Concert Café singer at the lecture


Head Study of Raphael


Coastline at sunset


Lala , hanging with the teeth on the trapeze


Ludovic Halévy


Girl with guitar


Male Nude in step position


Male Nude with an angled left arm



Male Nude with crossed arms behind his head


Mary Cassatt with Puppy


Miss Lala at the Circus Fernando


Mme Ernest May as a woman in childbed


Mme Henri Rouart before a Tanagrastatuette


After the Bath


After the bath : female nude , the feet drying


Horse in a walking stance


Portrait of Ellen Andrée


Portrait of Giovanna Bellelli


Portrait of Hélèna Hertel


Portrait of Josephine Gaujelin


Portrait of Julie Burtey


Portrait of Julie Burtey


Portrait of Madame Lisle


Portrait of Marguerite de Gas


Portrait of Marguerite de Gas


Portrait of Marie Lucie Millaudon


Portrait of Marie Thérèse Morbilli


Portrait of Mathilde Musson - Bell


Portrait of Mlle Dembowski


Portrait of Mme Ernest May


Portrait of Rosa Adelaida Morbilli


Portrait of Alexis Rouart


Portrait of Auguste de Gas


Portrait of bassist M. Gouffé


Portrait of Diego Martelli


Portrait of Edouard Manet at the races


Portrait of Edouard Manet , sitting


Portrait of the young René de Gas


Portrait of René de Gas (?)


Portrait of René de Gas (?)


Portrait of Ulysse


Portrait of a Lady


Portrait study of Elisabeth of Austria


Portrait study after Bacchiacca


Portrait study after Gentile Bellini


Rider


Rider on horse standing


Rider on horse trotting


Rider with red jacket


Equestrian Portrait


Back view of a dancer


Russian dancer


self-portrait


self-portrait


Sitting young woman with arms crossed


Seated Dancer , her shoelace tying


Seated Dancer , her shoelace lacing


Seated Dancer , her shoe adjusting


Seated Dancer in Profile , the hand on the neck


Seated Dancer with outstretched left leg


Seated Dancer with raised right leg


Seated Nude combing


Seated Male Nude


Sitting back nude


Seated female nude on drying


Seated female nude , neck and back Sponging


Seated Female back nude when combing


Sitting girl combing


Standing stripped to the waist


Bent standing with arms extended to the side


Standing Horse


Standing Horse in Profile


Beach at low tide


Study of a violinist


Study after Benozzo Gozzoli


Study after Benozzo Gozzoli


Study for a doorkeeper from Asurnasirpals III palace.


Studies for an antique boy head , leg and foot studies


Studies for an antique head , leg and foot studies


Study sheet with kneeling dancer and arm study


Study sheet with portrait and figure studies


Study sheet with Roman wrestler


Study sheet with six portrait studies


Study sheet with self-portrait and detail studies


Study sheet with a seated dancer in adjusting the stocking


Study sheet with four studies of a jockey


Study sheet with female act in step position and the Right Arm


Dancer at the barre


Dancer at the barre


Dancer at the barre


Dancer at the barre


Dancer at a pillar


Dancer , her shoulder tape knoting


Dancer her girdle binding


Dancer in backlight


Dancer in profile , arms on hips


Dancer in sidelight


Dancer in half figure , her shoulder tape knoting


Dancer in half figure with crossed arms behind her head


Dancer in half figure with crossed arms behind her head


Dancer slipping into her shoe


Dancer in step position


Dancer in step position


Dancer bent slightly forward


Bent dancer with arms bent , forward


Dancer with raised left leg


Dancer with raised right leg


Dancer with arms outstretched


Dancer with arms outstretched


Dancer with double bass


Dancer with a bouquet of flowers


Dancer with raised right arm


Dancer with arms raised


Dancer with arms raised


Dancer with a Fan


Bent dancer with arms stretched forward


Dancer with the right leg stretched forward


Dancer with bare torso and arms raised


Dancer with side arms outstretched


Dancers at the barre


Dancers on Stage


Dancers on Stage


Trumpet blowing angel


Trumpet blowing angel in profile


Four jockeys before the start


Four studies of a rider


Four studies by a Jockey


Four dancers behind the scenes


Four dancers behind the scenes


Four dancers in half figure


Four willow stems


Before the race


In front of a standing lady chair


Leaning forward Rückenakt female , legs Sponging


Female Nude on the rim , legs Sponging


Female Nude on the rim , legs Sponging


Female Nude on the rim , legs Sponging


Female Nude , hair drying


Female Nude in the bathtub with erected right leg


Female Nude after bath


female half nude


Female back when washing in the bath


Female back with towel and sponge


Female back with left leg raised


Maid with a cup


Two ironers while reading a letter


Two jockeys


Two jockeys


Two jockeys


Two young ladies in street costume


Two girls in reading and combing


Two Seated Women


Two studies of the fourteen year old dancer


Two Dancers


Two Dancers


Two Dancers


Two Dancers


Two dancers at the barre


Two Dancers on a Bench


Two dancers behind the scenes


Two Dancers in the jersey


Two Dancers on a Bench nude


Two trotting horses

Two laundresses and horses

Illustrations

At the sea beach


On the stage


Rest


Rest on the bed


Aux Ambassadeurs


Aux Ambassadeurs


Bathers


At the toilet


When standing up


When combing


On leaving the bath


On leaving the bath


Mountain landscape


Mountain landscape ( rock landscape )


Dawn in the Pyrenees


Dante and Virgil


The famous dinner on Friday


The Cap Hornu

The Feast of the brothel owner

The Feast of the brothel owner


The Foyer


The Foyer


The conversation


The Song of the Dog


The meeting


The hot tub


The river


The Jockey


The customer


The man with the beard


The man with the pipe


The rider gets on his horse on


The reputable customer


The Dream


The nurse


The trees


The ironers


The ironers


The ironers , detail


Family on a walk


The woman with the fan


The Gadrobe the actress


The Big Hair


The Infanta Margareta


The coffee house singer


The children of the Cardinal in conversation


The Loge


The actress Ellen Andrée


The road


The road in the forest


The toilet ( the bathroom )


Three motifs


The basin

The Willows


village


Three Dancers


Three Dancers, detail


An admirer of the corridor behind the stage


A lake in the Pyrenees


A singer


Woman at Her Toilette


Woman wearing stockings


Woman, the light extinguishing


Woman in profile


Woman with striped vest


Woman beside a bathtub


Women in cafe


Bust of a Woman


Miss Bécat in " Ambassadeur "


Green Landscape


Greeting dancer on stage


Autumn in the mountains


Autumn Landscape


Offstage


In the Cirque Medrano and female nude


In the corridor behind the stage


In the rain

In anticipation


intimacy


Coffee House Concert


Small dressing room


conversation


Conversation in the foyer


Head of a Woman


Head of a Woman


Head of a Woman with earrings


Head of a man and a woman


landscape


landscape


landscape


Landscape in Burgundy


Landscape with clear sky


Reading in the lamplight


Light phenomenon in the mountains

Ludovic Halévy


Ludovic Halévy backstage


Ludovic Halévy in conversation


Mary Cassatt at the Louvre


Mary Cassatt at the Louvre


Mary Cassatt at the Louvre


Mary Cassatt at the Louvre


moon rising


After the Bath


After the Bath


After the Bath


After the Bath


After the Bath


Nude woman in her room


Nude woman back figure


Pauline and Virginie while chatting


Pauline and Virginie while chatting


Horse in profile


Horses on the meadow


Portrait of Nathalie Wolkonska


Portrait of Marguerite de Gas


Portrait of Alphonse Hirsch


Portrait of Edouard Manet


Portrait of Edouard Manet


Portrait of Edouard Manet


Portrait of Edouard Manet


Portrait of Joseph Tourny


Portrait of René de Gas


Portrait of Rene Hillaire


Portrait of a woman


Portrait of a woman


Portrait of a young man with beret


Reddish landscape


Singer from the cafe


Castle with Fontaine


self-portrait


self-portrait


Siesta - Brothel Scene


Siesta in the salon


Seated in an armchair prostitute


Seated Dancer


Woman standing in a bathtub


Woman standing in a bathtub


Standing naked woman at her toilet


Standing naked woman


Standing dancer at the edge of the stage


Squall in the mountains


Dancer , her shoe wearing


Dancer in position "Four "


Dancer , back view


Dancers backstage


Torso of a Woman


Torso of a Woman


Four female heads


During the coffee house concert


Forest in the mountains


Two trees


Two Women


Two Women


Two art lovers


Two men and two dancers


Two Dancers

Sculptures

Woman Rubbing Her Back with a Sponge,

Dancer at rest, Hands on Her Hips,Right Leg Forward, first study

Dancer Grande Arabesque, third time

Rearing Horse

Horse Balking

Seated Woman Wiping Her Neck

Dancer Putting on Her Stocking, First Study,

Dancer Looking at the Sole of Her Right Foot

The Tub,

The Masseuse

Woman Seated in an Armchair Wiping Her Left Side

Seated Woman Wiping Her Left Hip,

Head, Large Study for Portrait of Madame S.,

Woman Getting Out of Bath

Woman Taken Unawares

The Schoolgirl,

Woman Washing Her Left Leg, first study

Dancer, Fourth Position Front on Left Leg, first study,

Portrait, Head Resting on One Hand

Dancer, Arabesque over Right Leg, Left Arm in Line

Draft Horse

Study of a Horse (the ears are missing)

Dancer Putting on Her Stocking, last study,

Woman Washing Her Left Leg, second study

Spanish Dance,first study,

Picking Apples

Prancing Horse

Dancer Bowing

Dancer at Rest, Hands on Hips, Left Leg Forward

Dressed Dancer at Rest,

Dancer at Rest, Hands on Her Lower Back

Study in the Nude for Dressed Dancer

Woman Arranging Her Hair,

Pregnant Woman

Horse Walking with Foot Raised,

Dancer with Tambourine

Dancer Moving Forwards, Arms Raised,

Horse Standing

Dancer Moving Forward, Arms Raised

Dancer, Grand Arabesque, second time

Woman Stretching

Thoroughbred Horse Walking,

Little Dancer of Fourteen Years

Βιογραφικά στοιχεία

Γεννήθηκε στο Παρίσι, γιος του τραπεζίτη Ωγκύστ και της Σελεστίν. Στα 13 χάνει τη μητέρα του, κάτι που για τον ίδιο ήταν προσωπική τραγωδία, και, στα 21, μετά από ολιγόχρονες σπουδές νομικής, μπαίνει στη Σχολή Καλών Τεχνών και παίρνει τα πρώτα μαθήματα ζωγραφικής από τον Λουί Λαμότ, παλαιό μαθητή του Ενγκρ. Ένα χρόνο μετά γνωρίζει τον ίδιο τον Ενγκρ και την επόμενη χρονιά, πηγαίνει στην Ιταλία να μελετήσει ζωγράφους της Αναγέννησης. Επισκέπτεται τη Φλωρεντία, τη Νάπολι και τη Ρώμη.Το 1859 επιστρέφει στο Παρίσι κι ανοίγει ατελιέ. Τρία χρόνια μετά γνωρίζει τον Εντουάρ Μανέ, κι επηρεασμένος εντάσσεται στον Ιμπρεσσιονισμό. Το 1870 ξεσπά ο Γαλλοπρωσικός Πόλεμος και επιστρατεύεται για να υπηρετήσει στο πυροβολικό, όπου άρχισε να εμφανίζει πρόβλημα όρασης. Δύο χρόνια μετά ταξιδεύει στη Νέα Ορλεάνη για να επισκεφθεί συγγενείς και επιστρέφει μετά από ένα χρόνο. Το 1874 πεθαίνει ο πατέρας του, κληρονομώντας του πολλά χρέη, κι έτσι αναγκάζεται να πωλήσει μεγάλο μέρος απ' τη συλλογή του. Το 1880 κερδίζει τον σεβασμό και την καταξίωση όλου του παριζιάνικου καλλιτεχνικού κόσμου.
Καλλιτεχνική δραστηριότητα
Μάθημα χορού, 1874, Παρίσι, Μουσείο Jeu de Paume

Ο Ντεγκά αναγνωρισμένος ως αυθεντία της κινούμενης ανθρώπινης μορφής ήταν κυρίως γνωστός για τις χορεύτριες του, που τις απεικόνισε σε πίνακες, χαρακτικά και γλυπτά σε μπρούντζο.

Το 1881 εξέθεσε το πρώτο γλυπτό του, τη χορεύτρια δεκατεσσάρων ετών (Σάο Πάολο, Museu de Arte), που το ακολούθησαν ένα πλήθος μικρά κέρινα προπλάσματα (μετά το θάνατό του χυτεύτηκαν σε χαλκό) με θέμα γυναικεία γυμνά, χορεύτριες, άλογα κ.λ.π.

Καθώς η όρασή του χειροτέρευε, ο Ντεγκά στράφηκε προς τη γλυπτική και τα παστέλ, που δεν απαιτούσαν οξεία όραση. Το 1908 η όρασή του χειροτερεύει και σταματά οριστικά να ασχολείται με την τέχνη. Του κάνουν έξωση από το σπίτι του, και παρά το γεγονός ότι βρέθηκε καινούργιο στούντιο, αυτός συνέχισε να τριγυρνά στους δρόμους του Παρισιού σαν τυφλός Όμηρος. Τέσσερα χρόνια μετά, το Μητροπολιτικό Μουσείο Τέχνης (Νέα Υόρκη) αγοράζει το έργο του "Μπαλλαρίνες" ξοδεύοντας ποσό αστρονομικό για την εποχή, και μάλιστα για ιμπρεσιονιστικό πίνακα.

Το 1917 πεθαίνει στο Παρίσι, στις 27 Σεπτεμβρίου, σε ηλικία 83 ετών. Τη σορό του συνοδεύουν, μεταξύ άλλων, ο Κλωντ Μονέ κι ο Ζαν Λουΐ Φορέν.
Παραπομπές

Παγκόσμιο Βιογραφικό Λεξικό, Τόμ. 7 σ. 299, εκδ. Αθηνών, 1987

Πηγή

Mary Atkinson,«Εντγκάρ Ιλαίρ Ζερμάν Ντεγκά»,Ιστορία Εικονογραφημένη, τχ.72 (Ιούνιος 1974), σελ.96-106

Βιβλιογραφία

Cabanne, Edgar Degas (Π{αρίσι, 1957).

Εξωτερικοί σύνδεσμοι

Βιογραφικό & έργα του
Εντγκάρ Ντεγκά
Πίνακες του Ντεγκά

Γάλλοι

Κόσμος

Αλφαβητικός κατάλογος

Hellenica World - Scientific Library

Από τη ελληνική Βικιπαίδεια http://el.wikipedia.org . Όλα τα κείμενα είναι διαθέσιμα υπό την GNU Free Documentation License