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Solidus of Tiberius II Constantine, wearing consular robes, Image http://www.cngcoins.com

Flavius Tiberius Constantinus Augustus or Tiberius II Constantine (Τιβέριος Β')(c. 540 - August 14, 582) was a Byzantine emperor (574 - 582) of the Justinian Dynasty.

The historian C.W. Previte-Orton states that Tiberius "was really the first of the Greek Emperors, and with him Byzantine becomes the fittest name for the Eastern Empire, which was still Roman in tradition."[1]

He was a friend of Justin II, who appointed Tiberius comes of the excubitors. He took control of the empire when Justin II went insane in 574, and to increase his popularity, he immediately began spending money that Justin had reserved in his treasury. While Justin was still alive, Tiberius' general Maurice fought and defeated the Persians in Armenia. When Tiberius became full emperor upon Justin's death in 578, he extended his military activities into the remnants of the Western Empire, where he made peace with the Visigoths in Spain and defeated the Berbers in North Africa. Meanwhile, the Slavs began to migrate into the Balkans in 579; unfortunately, Tiberius needed the army to defend against Persian invasions, and was unable to stop the Slavic migrations.

In 582, Tiberius fell ill, and Maurice was named his heir. Maurice became emperor when Tiberius died in August - poisoned, it was rumored.

Notes

  1. ^ C.W. Previte-Orton, The shorter Cambridge medieval history (Cambridge: University Press, 1952), p. 202.

Byzantine Emperor with Justin II (574), with Maurice (582)

Preceded by: Justin II

Succeeded by: Maurice



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