Heracleonas (Ηρακλεωνάς)(626 - 641?), Byzantine emperor (February - September 641), was the son of Heraclius and Martina. (His official name was Heraclius II, but he never outgrew his nick-name Heracleonas, "little Heracles".) At the end of Heraclius' reign he obtained through his mother’s influence the title of Augustus in 638, and after his father’s death was proclaimed joint emperor with his half-brother Heraclius Constantine (Constantine III).
Roman coin depicting, on its face, Heraclius and his sons Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas, http://www.cngcoins.com
The premature death of Constantine, in May 641, left Heracleonas sole ruler. But a suspicion that he and Martina had murdered Constantine led soon after to a revolt, and to the mutilation and banishment of the supposed offenders. This was the first time a reigning emperor had been subjected to mutilation, which was a practise probably borrowed from the Persians; in this case, Martina's tongue was cut out, and Heraclius' nose was cut off. Nothing further is known about Heracleonas after his removal. He is presumed to have died later that year. Constans II, the son of Constantine III, became emperor.
This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, which is in the public domain.
Medieval Greece / Byzantine Empire
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