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Vilhelm Melbye

Stormy Afternoon in the Skagerrak. A Danish Hunting and different ships through Skagen Print by Vilhelm Melbye

Stormy Afternoon in the Skagerrak. A Danish Hunting and different ships through Skagen

In dangerous waters off Bamburgh Castle. Northumberland Print by Vilhelm Melbye

In dangerous waters off Bamburgh Castle. Northumberland

 A raging waterfall. Laatefossen in Hardanger. Norway Print by Vilhelm Melbye

A raging waterfall. Laatefossen in Hardanger. Norway

Seascape with numerous sailing ships near a rocky coast Print by Vilhelm Melbye

Seascape with numerous sailing ships near a rocky coast

Evening off the Andalusian coast with the Moorish fortress Salubrena Print by Vilhelm Melbye

Evening off the Andalusian coast with the Moorish fortress Salubrena

Shipping off the Eddystone Lighthouse Print by Attributed to Vilhelm Melbye

Rooftops in Spain

Rooftops in Spain Print by Vilhelm Melbye

Shipping off the Eddystone Lighthouse

Knud Frederik Vilhelm Hannibal Melbye (14 May 1824 – 6 October 1882) was a Danish marine artist, the brother of Anton Melbye and Fritz Melbye. He worked in London from 1853 to 1866 and, over the course of his career, painted seascapes, coastal and harbor scenes, sailing vessels and topographical subjects in many parts of Europe, especially in the Mediterranean region.

Biography

Melbye was born on 14 May 1824 in Elsinore, Denmark. He first trained to become a merchant but then turned to painting, studying under his older brother Anton, already an established marine painter, and attending the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts from 1844 to 1847. He also took private classes in perspective drawing with Carl Dahl.

In 1847, he went on his first journey, to Iceland aboard the corvette Valkyrien. In 1848, he became one of the first artists to paint in Skagen.[1] The same year he traveled to Paris by way of Düsseldorf.[2] In Paris he studied with Théodore Gudin (1802–1880) before returning to Denmark in 1849.

From 1853 to 1866, he lived in London and it was here he changed his name from Vilhelm to Wilhelm.

He was appointed Professor at the academy in Copenhagen in 1880 but died in 1882 in Roskilde. He is interred at Assistens Cemetery in Copenhagen.


Works

Vilhelm Melbye preferred a realistic style, often also with romantic or dramatic scenes. Many of his works depict southern European coastal or harbor views. He was influenced by his older brother and teacher Anton Melbye but another important influence in his oeuvre was the Düsseldorf School, especially Andreas Achenbach.[3]


Gallery

View over Skagen (1848)

Seascape from Gibraltar (1850)

Seascape from Italy (1852)

Fishing boat and a steamer off a Rocky Coast (1870)

Seascape from Gibraltar (1882)

See also

Art of Denmark
List of painters from Denmark

References

"Vilhelm Melbye", Den Store Danske. (Danish) Retrieved 1 November 2013.
"Wilhelm Melbye". AOK. Retrieved 2010-10-06.
"Marine Art Wanted: Sell your 19th Century Painting". Fine Art Emperium. Retrieved 2010-01-04.

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