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Sydney William Carline (14 August 1888 – 14 February 1929) was a British artist and teacher known for his depictions of aerial combat painted during World War One.
Sydney Carline was born in London, the son of the artist George Francis Carline and Anne Smith (1862-1945). His brother, Richard Carline and his sister Hilda were also artists, as was his sister-in-law, Nancy (née Higgins), and his brother-in-law, Stanley Spencer. Sydney Carline was educated at Repton School before he studied at the Slade School of Art, between 1907 and 1910, and then in Paris. In 1914 he spent time painting in Westmoreland.
World War One
When the First World War began Carline joined the British army and trained as a dispatch rider until, in 1916, he became a pilot in the Royal Flying Corps. He was shot down, and wounded, over the Somme but survived and went on to pilot a Sopwith Camel fighter on the Italian Front in late 1917. During the first years of the war, during intervals in his war duties, Carline worked on the design of a medal commemorating the Battle of Jutland and also a design for a 'Next of Kin' medal. His brother, Richard, put him forward to be an official war artist and he painted aerial battles on the Italian front from July to November 1918. In 1919 both Richard and Sydney Carline were sent to Palestine and Macedonia by the Imperial War Museum, as official war artists for the Royal Air Force with an emphasis on representing aerial combat as seen from the air. Sydney Carline returned to Britain in 1920.
Before the war Carline had exhibited at the Royal Academy and after the war he resumed doing so until 1927. In 1922 he was appointed Ruskin Master of Drawing at Oxford University and in 1924 he was elected a member of the London Group. Carline died of pneumonia, which developed after a visit to John Nash on a particularly cold evening, in 1929.
Tate. "Artist biography:Sydney Carline". Tate. Retrieved 1 April 2014.
Brian Stewart & Mervyn Cutten (1997). The Dictionary of Portrait Painters in Britain up to 1920. Antique Collectors' Club. ISBN 1 85149 173 2.
Elizabeth Cowling. "Carline family (per. c.1870-c.1975)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 1 April 2014.
Frances Spalding (1990). 20th Century Painters and Sculptors. Antique Collectors' Club. ISBN 1 85149 106 6.
Merion Harries & Susie Harries (1983). The War Artists, British Official War Art of the Twentieth Century. Michael Joseph with The Imperial War Museum & the Tate Gallery. ISBN 0 7181 2314 X.
Tate. "Catalogue entry for Bank Holiday on Hampstead Heath (1915)". Tate. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
Art from the First World War. Imperial War Museum. 2008. ISBN 978-1-904897-98-9.
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