- Art Gallery -

 

Städel, Frankfurt am Main

The Adoration of the Magi, Albrecht Altdorfer

Two Witches, Hans Baldung Grien


Portrait of a Young Woman ( Simonetta Vespuci ? ), Sandro Botticelli


The bitter potion, Adriaen Brouwer

Portrait of a woman, Barthel Bruyn the Elder


The thief on the cross Gesinas, fragment, Robert Campin


Frankfurt am Main, Old Main Bridge and Cologne Cathedral from the studio window Courbet in Deutschherrenhaus (Sachsenhausen), Gustave Courbet

The Wave , Gustave Courbet


Torgau Prince Altar, Lucas Cranach the Elder


The ballet, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas


Heller- Altar: Martyrdom of St James, Albrecht Dürer


Heller- Altar: The founder Jacob Heller, Albrecht Dürer


Heller- Altar: Martyrdom of St. Catherine, Albrecht Dürer


Heller- Altar: The Strifterin Catherine Heller, Albrecht Dürer


Heller- Altar: Reconstruction of the open altar, Albrecht Dürer


Jabach altar : Job mocked by his wife, Albrecht Dürer

Interior with Painter, Woman Reading and Maid Sweeping, Pieter Janssens Elinga

Jacob's Dream, Adam Elsheimer

Glorification of the Cross, Adam Elsheimer

In the Café d´Harcourt in Paris, Henri Evenepoel

Half-Length Portrait of a Roman Woman, Anselm Feuerbach

The Haarlem Sea, Jan van Goyen

Kronberg im Taunus, Schoenberg, View from the southeast, Johann Heinrich Hasselhorst


Portrait of Simon George of Cornwall, Tondo, Hans Holbein the younger


The odd couple, Wilhelm Maria Hubertus Leibl

The Orphanage at Amsterdam, Max Liebermann


Croquet game, Edouard Manet

Old Fisherman and His Daughter, Edvard Munch


Madonna with St John the Baptist, Pietro Perugino


Landscape with Pyramus and Thisbe, Nicolas Poussin

Frankfurt, view from the west, Domenico Quaglio

Königstein im Taunus, general view with castle Falkenstein, in the foreground hay, Anton Radl
The end of breakfast, Pierre-Auguste Renoir


Bank of the Seine in Autumn, Alfred Sisley

Der Holzhausenpark in Frankfurt a. M. , Hans Thoma


Open valley, Hans Thoma

The Trek of the Gods to Valhalla, Hans Thoma

Three Mermaids, Hans Thoma


Under the elderberry, Hans Thoma

Portrait of Goethe in Campagna, Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein

Portrait of a Lady (Portrait of Therese Karl), Fritz von Uhde

View of Linz, Lucas van Valckenborch

Courtesan (Portrait of Lucrezia Borgia?) , Bartolomeo Veneto

See also : Städel, Prints and Drawings ( Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Kupferstichkabinett)

The Städel, officially the Städelsches Kunstinstitut und Städtische Galerie, is an art museum in Frankfurt am Main, with one of the most important collections in Germany.

The Städel owns 2,700 paintings (of which 600 are displayed) and a collection of 100,000 drawings and prints as well as 600 sculptures. It has around 4,000 m² of display and a library of 100,000 books and 400 periodicals.

Max Hollein (b. 1969, Vienna) has been the director the Städel Museum since January 2006.” [1]

The Städel was honoured as “Museum of the Year 2012” by the German art critics association AICA in 2012. In the same year the museum recorded the highest attendance figures in its history, of 447,395 visitors [2]

This year the museum is celebrating its 200 year anniversary. For the occasion it is staging a series of special exhibitions, a major expansion of its digital educational programme, prominent additions to its collection and new publications – all under the motto “The Frankfurt citizens’ museum: a gift for everyone”. On Sunday 15 March 2015, the two-hundredth anniversary of its founding day, the Städel hosted a grand public celebration with a wide range of activities throughout the museum and its grounds. [3]

History

The Städel was founded in 1815 by the Frankfurt banker and merchant Johann Friedrich Städel. In 1878, a new building, designed according to the Gründerzeit style, was erected on Schaumainkai street, presently the major museum district. By the start of the 20th century, the gallery was among the most prominent German collections of classic Pan-European art; the other such collections open to the public were the Dresden Gallery, the Alte Pinakothek in Munich, and the Altes Museum in Berlin.

World War II

In 1937, 77 paintings and 700 prints were confiscated from the museum when the National Socialists declared them "degenerate art".

In 1939, the collection was moved out of Frankfurt to protect it from damage in World War II. The collection of the Staedel, officially known as the Städelsches Kunstinstitut und Städtische Galerie of Frankfurt, was removed from the museum to avoid destruction from the Allied bombings, and the collection was stored in the Schloss Rossbach, a castle owned by the Baron Thüngen near Bad Brückenau in Bavaria. There, the museum’s paintings and library were discovered by Lt. Thomas Carr Howe, USN, of the American Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives program. Although the Baron von Thüngen and his wife were uncooperative with the Americans, Frau Dr. Holzinger, a licensed physician and the Swiss wife of the Staedel museum director, was present at the site and assisted with the cataloging and the removal of the items to the Munich Central Collecting Point. Lt. Howe said, “The first room to be inspected was a library adjoining the sitting room in which we had been waiting. Here we found a quantity of excellent French Impressionist paintings, all from the permanent collection of the Staedel, and a considerable number of fine Old Master drawings. Most of these were likewise the property of the museum, but a few – I remember one superb Rembrandt sketch – appeared to have come from Switzerland. Those would, of course, have to be looked into later, to determine their exact origin and how they came to be on loan to the museum. But for the moment we were concerned primarily with storage conditions and the problem of security. In another room we found an enormous collection of books, the library of one of the Frankfurt museums. In a third we encountered an array of medieval sculpture – saints all sizes and description, some of carved wood, others of stone, plain or polychromed. These too, were of museum origin. The last storage room was below ground, a vast, cavernous chamber beneath the house. Here was row upon row of pictures, stacked in two tiers down the center of the room and also along two sides. From what we could make of them in the poor light, they were not of high quality. During the summer months they would be alright in the underground room, but we thought the place would be very damp in the winter. Frau Holzinger assured us that this was so and that the pictures should be removed before the bad weather set in.”[4]

Renovations

The gallery was substantially damaged by air raids in World War II and it was rebuilt by 1966 following a design by the Frankfurt architect Johannes Krahn. An expansion building for the display of 20th-century work and special exhibits was erected in 1990, designed by the Austrian architect Gustav Peichl. Small structural changes and renovations took place from 1997 to 1999.

The largest extension in the history of the museum intended for the presentation of contemporary art was designed by the Frankfurt architectural firm Schneider+Schumacher and opened in February 2012.[5][6]
Digital expansion

The Städel is currently significantly enlarging its activities and outreach through a major digital expansion on the occasion of its 200-year anniversary in 2015. Already available to visitors is an exhibition ‘digitorial’ and free access to WiFi throughout the museum and its grounds. From March the museum will offer to visitors a new Städel app, the possibility of listening to audio guides on their own devices, and a new ‘cabinet of digital curiosities’. Several more projects are currently in development including an online exhibition platform; educational computer games for children; online art-history courses and a digital art book. .[7]
Collection

The Städel has European paintings from seven centuries, beginning with the early 14th century, moving into Late Gothic, the Renaissance, Baroque, and into the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries. The large collection of prints and drawings is not on permanent display and occupies the first floor of the museum. Works on paper not on display can be viewed by appointment.

The gallery has a conservation department that performs conservation and restoration work on the collection.
Selected works

Robert Campin, Flémalle Panels, ca. 1428-1430, mixed technique, 160.2 × 68.2 cm, 151.8 × 61 cm, 148.7 × 61 cm
Jan van Eyck, Lucca Madonna, ca. 1437, mixed technique, 66 x 50 cm
Fra Angelico, Madonna with Child and Twelve Angels, 1430–1433, tempera on panel, 37 x 27 cm
Rogier van der Weyden, Medici Madonna, c. 1460–1464, oil on panel, 61.7 x 46.1 cm
Master of the Frankfurt Paradiesgärtlein, Paradiesgärtlein, between 1400 und 1420, mixed technique on oak, 26 x 33 cm
Hieronymus Bosch, Ecce Homo, c. 1476, oil on panel, 75 x 61 cm
Sandro Botticelli, Portrait of a Young Woman, 1480–85, mixed technique on poplar wood, 82 x 54 cm
Bartolomeo Veneto, Portrait of a Young Woman, between 1500–1530, mixed technique on poplar wood, 44 x 34 cm
Rembrandt van Rijn, The Blinding of Samson, 1636, oil on canvas, 205 x 272 cm
Johannes Vermeer, The Geographer, 1668–1669, oil on canvas, 52 x 45.5 cm
Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein, Goethe in the Roman Campagna, 1787, oil on canvas, 164 x 206 cm
Edgar Degas, Musicians in the Orchestra, 1872, oil on canvas, 69 x 49 cm

The museum also features works by the 20th-century German artist Max Beckmann.


Directors

The Directors Of The Städel Museum:

Carl Friedrich Wendelstadt 1817–1840
Philipp Veit 1830–1843
Johann David Passavant 1840–1861
Gerhard Malß 1861–1885
Georg Kohlbacher 1885–1889
Henry Thode 1889–1891
Heinrich Weizsäcker 1891–1904
Ludwig Justi 1904–1905
Georg Swarzenski 1906–1937
Ernst Holzinger 1938–1972
Klaus Gallwitz 1974–1994
Herbert Beck 1994–2006
Max Hollein since 2006

See also

Museumsufer
List of museums in Germany
List of art museums

Literature

Eva Mongi-Vollmer: Meisterwerke im Städel Museum. Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main 2007. ISBN 3-9809701-3-2
Bodo Brinkmann: Das Städel, Frankfurt am Main. Prestel Verlag (Prestel-Museumsführer), München 1999, ISBN 3-7913-2204-4
Bodo Brinkmann und Stephan Kemperdick: Deutsche Gemälde im Städel 1500–1550 (Kataloge der Gemälde im Städelschen Kunstinstitut Frankfurt am Main, hrsg. von Herbert Beck und Jochen Sander). Verlag Philipp von Zabern, Mainz 2005, ISBN 978-3-8053-3350-4
John Charles Van Dyke (1914), "Staedel Institute, Frankfort", Munich, Frankfort, Cassel: critical notes on the Old Pinacothek, the Staedel Institute, the Cassel Royal Gallery, New York: C. Scribner's Sons

References

"Max Hollein Becomes Director of the Staedel". artdaily.org. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
"Historic Attendance Records for Schirn, Staedel, and Liebieghaus in 2012" (PDF). Staedel Museum. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
"200 Years Staedel". Staedel Museum. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
Howe, Thomas Carr. 1946. Salt Mines and Castles: The Discovery and Restitution of Looted European Art. New York: Bobbs Merrill. Pages 43–46.
"Die Erweiterung des Städel Museums". Städel Museum. Retrieved 2012-10-14.
Kneen, Dale (Summer 2012). "Starchitects In Our Eyes". High Life (British Airways): 16–17.
"Staedel Museum 2.0". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 2015-04-16.

Art Museum

Artist

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M -
N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

Paintings, List

Zeichnungen, Gemälde

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License