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Salzburg Museum

Hallstatt, Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller

Housed in the Neuen Residenz (to which it moved in 2005), the Salzburg Museum is the museum of artistic and cultural history for the city and region of Salzburg, Austria. It originated as the Provincialmuseum and was also previously known as the Museum Carolino-Augusteum.

History
Origins

The Salzburg Museum was founded in 1834 when a small collection of military memorabilia was made accessible to the public to formalize the memories of the Napoleonic wars. When the widow of Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph I moved to Salzburg, she became the trustee of the collection. After the revolution in 1848, the collection became the official town museum of Salzburg.[2]
20th century

In 1923, the natural history objects of the museum were given to the Haus de Natur. One year later, the folk culture collection opened a side-branch in the Monatsschlössl in the parks of Hellbrunn Palace.

During WWII, the museum got three direct hits from bombs. Most of the collection had already been moved to mines that served as bunkers; however, the building was completely destroyed along with many objects too large to move. Several objects disappeared from their bunkers during the US occupation, including a collection of gold coins that had been kept in the salt mines of Hallein. A new building was opened as a provisory museum in 1967. A debate about the final and most worthy location for the headquarters of the Salzburg Museum lasted for decades. Side-branches of the Salzburg Museum were opened during this time: The Domgrabungsmuseum in 1974, the Spielzeugmuseum (Toy Museum) in 1978, and a newly developed Festungsmuseum (Fortress Museum) in 2000. By 1997, promoted by Landeshauptmann Franz Schausberger, local politicians had finally agreed on the Neue Residenz as a new venue for the Salzburg Museum.
21st century

The museum reopened in the Neue Residenz in 2005. In 2009, the museum received the European Museum of the Year Award.
Collections

Furniture from the Anif Palace
Mohr arrangement (ca. 1820) of Silent Night
The earliest ever example of a bass clarinet
Original manuscript of the Missa Salisburgensis à 53 voci


Notes

Salzburg Museum: Jahresrückblick und Vorschau. Das war 2007: Zahlen, Daten, Meinungen. Medieninfo, salzburgmuseum.at
"Salzburg Museum". visit-salzburg.net. Retrieved 5 March 2015.

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