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Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

The Burial of the Sardine, Francisco de Goya

A Procession of Flagellants, Francisco de Goya

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The Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando (Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando), located on the Calle de Alcalá in the heart of Madrid, currently functions as a museum and gallery.

The academy was established by royal decree in 1744. About twenty years later, the enlightened monarch Charles III purchased a palace in Madrid as the academy's new home. The building had been designed by José Benito de Churriguera for the Goyeneche family. The king commissioned Diego de Villanueva to convert the building for academic use, employing a neoclassical style[1] in place of Churriguera's baroque design.

Doubling as a museum and gallery, today it houses a fine art collection of paintings from the 15th to 20th centuries: Arcimboldo, Giovanni Bellini, Antonio Allegri da Correggio, Guido Reni, Rubens, Zurbarán, Murillo, Fragonard, Goya, Giuseppe Pirovani (one rare Portrait of George Washington), Juan Gris, Pablo Serrano, Lorenzo Quiros, among others. The academy is also the headquarters of the Madrid Academy of Art.

Francisco Goya was once one of the academy's directors, and its alumni include Felip Pedrell, Pablo Picasso, Kiko Argüello, Salvador Dalí, Antonio López García, Juan Luna, Oscar de la Renta, and Fernando Botero.[2][3]


See also

Enlightenment in Spain
References

(in Spanish) La institución Official website. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
Gomadrid.com
Karaart.com

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