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Ramon Casas i Carbó

Paintings

Study

The Corpus Christi Procession Leaving the Church of Santa Maria del Mar

Moulin de la Galette Interior

Self-portrait of Ramon Casas between Miquel Utrillo and Leandre Galceran

Self-portrait

Self-portrait

Looking for a subject. Madrid

Cyclist

Cyclist. Return trip

Oh, cycling!

Female figure in profile

Female bust

Woman in a theatre box

A woman driver

Woman writing a letter

Woman and child

Portrait of Agapit Vallmitjana

Portrait of Agusti Querol

Portrait of Albert Bernis

Portrait of Albert de Sicilia Llanas

Portrait of Albert Roquer

Portrait of Albert Rusinol

Portrait of Albrecht de Vriendt

Portrait of Alexandre de Riquer

Portrait of Amadeu Vives

Portrait of Angel Guimera

Portrait of Anselmo Fernandez

Portrait of Antoni de Ferrater

Portrait of Antoni Ribera

Portrait of Antoni Utrillo

Portrait of Antonin Mercie

Portrait of Apel·les Mestres

Portrait of Arcadi Mas i Fondevila

Portrait of Aureliano de Beruete

Portrait of Baldomer Galofre

Portrait of Bartomeu Amengual

Portrait of Benito Perez Galdos

Portrait of Bonaventura Bassegoda

Portrait of Carles Gumersind Vidiella

Portrait of Carles Pirozzini

Portrait of Celesti Sadurni

Portrait of Charles Cottet

Portrait of Daniel Ortiz

Portrait of Dionis Baixeras

Portrait of Dionis Puig

Portrait of Eduard Calvet

Portrait of Eduard Marquina

Portrait of Eduardo Chicharro

Portrait of Emile Bertaux

Portrait of Emili Cabot

Portrait of Emili Fernandez

Portrait of Emili Sala

Portrait of Emili Vilanova

Portrait of Enric Borras

Portrait of Enric Galwey

Portrait of Enric Granados

Portrait of Enric Morera

Portrait of Enric Prat de la Riba

Portrait of Enric Serra

Portrait of Erik Satie

Portrait of Erik Satie

Portrait of Ermete Zacconi

Portrait of Esteve Sunol

Portrait of Eugeni d'Ors

Portrait of Ezequiel Boixet

Portrait of Felip Rodes

Portrait of Feliu Mestres

Portrait of Francesc Cambo

Portrait of Francesc de Sojo

Portrait of Francesc Macia

Portrait of Francesc Maspons

Portrait of Francesc Masriera

Portrait of Francesc Matheu

Portrait of Francesc Soler i Rovirosa

Portrait of Frederic Masriera

Portrait of Frederic Rahola

Portrait of Gabriel Alomar

Portrait of Gabrielle Rejane

Portrait of Gonzalo Bilbao

Portrait of Guillem de Boladeres

Portrait of Gustave Violet

Portrait of Henri Francois Roujon

Portrait of Henry Lerolle

Portrait of Hermenegild Miralles

Portrait of Ignacio Zuloaga

Portrait of Ignasi Iglesias

Portrait of Ignasi Janer

Portrait of Isaac Albeniz

Portrait of Iscle Soler

Portrait of Jacinto Benavente

Portrait of Jacinto Octavio Picon

Portrait of Jaume Brossa

Portrait of Jaume Carner

Portrait of Jaume Masso i Torrents

Portrait of Jaume Pahissa

Portrait of Jean-Antoine Injalbert

Portrait of Joan Baptista Pares

Portrait of Joan Francesc Chia

Portrait of Joan Garriga

Portrait of Joan Gay

Portrait of Joan Mane i Flaquer

Portrait of Joan Manen

Portrait of Joan Moles

Portrait of Joan Pujal

Portrait of Joan Ventosa

Portrait of Joaquim Cabot

Portrait of Joaquim Casas i Carbo

Portrait of Joaquim Malats

Portrait of Joaquim Mir

Portrait of Joaquim Salvatella

Portrait of Joaquim Sorolla

Portrait of Joaquin Alvarez Quintero

Portrait of Jose Francos Rodriguez

Portrait of Jose Leon Pagano

Portrait of Jose Martinez Ruiz

Portrait of Jose Villegas

Portrait of Josep Clara

Portrait of Josep Clara

Portrait of Josep Codina

Portrait of Josep Coll i Britapaja

Portrait of Josep Llimona

Portrait of Josep Lluis Pellicer

Portrait of Josep M. Sert

Portrait of Josep Masriera

Portrait of Josep Miro

Portrait of Josep Parera

Portrait of Josep Pijoan

Portrait of Josep Pin i Soler

Portrait of Josep Pous i Pages

Portrait of Josep Puig i Cadafalch

Portrait of Josep Reynes

Portrait of Josep Roca i Roca

Portrait of Juan Valera

Portrait of Julia Peraire

Portrait of Leon Jaussely

Portrait of Lluis Bagaria

Portrait of Lluis Bagaria

Portrait of Lluis Bagaria

Portrait of Lluis Domenech i Montaner,

Portrait of Lluis Figuerola

Portrait of Lluis Graner

Portrait of Lluis Millet

Portrait of Louis Xavier de Ricard

Portrait of Lucien Simon

Portrait of Luis Morote

Portrait of Manolo Hugue

Portrait of Manuel Benedito

Portrait of Manuel Bueno

Portrait of Manuel Cusi

Portrait of Manuel Duran i Bas

Portrait of Manuel Duran i Ventosa

Portrait of Manuel Fabra

Portrait of Manuel Feliu de Lemus

Portrait of Manuel Font

Portrait of Manuel Fuxa

Portrait of Maria Rusinol Denis,

Portrait of Mariano Benlliure

Portrait of Maurici Vilomara

Portrait of Maurici Vilomara

Portrait of Melcior de Palau

Portrait of Miguel de Unamuno

Portrait of Miquel Angel Fargas

Portrait of Miquel Blay

Portrait of Miquel Llobet

Portrait of Miquel Utrillo

Portrait of Miquel Utrillo

Portrait of Miquel Utrillo

Portrait of Modesto Sanchez Ortiz

Portrait of Narcis Olle

Portrait of Octave Uzanne

Portrait of Oleguer Junyent

Portrait of Pau Casals

Portrait of Paul Albert Besnard

Portrait of Pauleta Pamies

Portrait of Pepita Teixidor

Portrait of Pere Coll i Rataflutis

Portrait of Pere Coll i Rataflutis

Portrait of Pere Falques

Portrait of Pere Rahola

Portrait of Pere Romeu

Portrait of Pere Romeu

Portrait of Pere Romeu

Portrait of Pompeu Fabra

Portrait of Pompeu Fabra

Portrait of Pompeu Gener i Babot

Portrait of Rafael Domenech

Portrait of Rafael Mainar

Portrait of Rafael Martinez Padilla

Portrait of Raimon Casellas

Portrait of Raimon Casellas

Portrait of Ramon Domenec Peres

Portrait of Ramon Llisas

Portrait of Ramon Pichot

Portrait of Ricard Opisso

Portrait of Rossend Partagas

Portrait of Ruperto Chapi

Portrait of Sada Yacco

Portrait of Salvador Sanpere i Miquel

Portrait of Salvador Vilaregut

Portrait of Segundo Matilla

Portrait of Serafin Alvarez Quintero

Portrait of Teodor Baro

Portrait of Torquat Tasso

Portrait of Valenti Almirall

Portrait of Venanci Vallmitjana

Portrait of Vicente Lamperez y Romea

Portrait of f Vincent d'Indy

Portrait of Vittorio Zampieri,

Portrait of Xavier Gose

Portrait of Pablo Picasso

Portrait of Santiago Rusino

Portrait of Senora de Partagas

Portrait of the violinist Eugene Ysaye

Female Nude

Girl with a yellow shawl

Jove decadent

Leafless flowers

Nude, 1894

Nude 2, 1894

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Ramon Casas Art - Ramon Casas and Pere Romeu in an Automobile by Ramon Casas

Ramon Casas and...

Ramon Casas

Ramon Casas i Carbó (4 January 1866 – 29 February 1932) was a Catalan artist. Living through a turbulent time in the history of his native Barcelona, he was known as a portraitist, sketching and painting the intellectual, economic, and political elite of Barcelona, Paris, Madrid, and beyond; he was also known for his paintings of crowd scenes ranging from the audience at a bullfight to the assembly for an execution to rioters in the Barcelona streets. Also a graphic designer, his posters and postcards helped to define the Catalan art movement known as modernisme.

Barcelona and Paris
Self-portrait as a flamenco dancer, 1883

Casas was born in Barcelona. His father had made a fortune in Matanzas, Cuba; his mother was from a well-off Catalan family. In 1877 he abandoned the regular course of schooling to study art in the studio of Joan Vicens. In 1881, still in his teens, he was a co-founder of the magazine L'Avenç; the 9 October 1881 issue included his sketch of the cloister of Sant Benet in Bages. That same month, accompanied by his cousin Miquel Carbó i Carbó, a medical student, he began his first stay in Paris, where he studied that winter at the Carolus Duran Academy and later at the Gervex Academy, and functioned as a Paris correspondent for L'Avenç. The next year he had a piece exhibited in Barcelona at the Sala Parés, and in 1883 in Paris the Salon des Champs Elysées exhibited his portrait of himself dressed as a flamenco dancer; the piece won him an invitation as a member of the salon of the Societé d'artistes françaises.

The next few years he continued to paint and travel, spending most autumns and winters in Paris and the rest of the year in Spain, mostly in Barcelona but also in Madrid and Granada; his 1886 painting of the crowd at the Madrid bullfighting ring was to be the first of many highly detailed paintings of crowds. That year he survived tuberculosis, and convalesced for the winter in Barcelona. Among the artists he met in this period of his life, and who influenced him, were Laureà Barrau, Santiago Rusiñol, Eugène Carrière, Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, and Ignacio Zuloaga.

Casas and Rusiñol traveled through Catalonia in 1889, and collaborated on a short book Por Cataluña (desde mi carro), with text by Rusiñol and illustrations by Casas. Returning together to Paris, they lived together at the Moulin de la Galette in Montmartre, along with painter and art critic Miquel Utrillo and the sketch artist Ramon Canudas. Rusiñol chronicled these times in as series of articles "Desde el Molino" ("From the Mill") for La Vanguardia; again Casas illustrated. Casas became an associate of the Societé d'artistes françaises, allowing him to exhibit two works annually at their salon without having to pass through jury competition.

With Rusiñol and with sculptor Enric Clarasó he exhibited at Sala Parés in 1890; his work from this period, such as Plen Air and the Bal du Moulin de la Galette lies somewhere between an academic style and that of the French impressionists. The style that would become known as modernisme had not yet fully come together, but the key people were beginning to know one another, and successful Catalan artists were increasingly coming to identify themselves with Barcelona as much as with Paris.

His fame continued to spread through Europe and beyond as he exhibited successfully in Madrid (1892, 1894), Berlin (1891, 1896) and at the World Columbian Exposition in Chicago (1893); meanwhile the bohemian circle that included Casas and Rusiñol began with greater frequency to organize exhibitions of their own in Barcelona and Sitges. With this increasing activity in Catalonia, he settled more in Barcelona, but continued to travel to Paris for the annual Salons.
Els Quatre Gats

The emerging modernista art world gained a center with the opening of Els Quatre Gats, a bar modeled on Le Chat Noir in Paris. Casas largely financed this bar on the ground floor of Casa Martí, a building by Architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch in Montsió Street near the center of Barcelona; it opened in June 1897 and lasted for six years (and was later reconstructed in 1978). His partners in the enterprise were Pere Romeu, who largely played host to the bar, as well as Rusiñol and Miquel Utrillo. The bar hosted tertulias and revolving art exhibits, including one of the first one-man shows by Pablo Picasso; the most prominent piece in its permanent collection was a lighthearted Casas self-portrait, depicting him smoking a pipe while pedaling a tandem bicycle with Romeu as his stoker. The original of the painting—or most of it: nearly a third of the canvas was cut away by an intervening owner—is now in Barcelona's Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya (MNAC); a creditable reproduction resides in the revived Els Quatre Gats.

Like Le Chat Noir, Els Quatre Gats attempted its own literary and artistic magazine, to which Casas was a major contributor. That was short-lived, but was soon followed by Pèl & Ploma, which would slightly outlast the bar itself, and Forma (1904–1908), to which Casas also contributed. Pèl & Ploma sponsored several prominent art exhibitions, including Casas' own well-received first solo show (1899 at Sala Parés), which brought together a retrospective of his oil paintings as well as a set of charcoal sketches of contemporary figures prominent in Barcelona's cultural life.

While his painting career continued successfully through this period, as part owner of a bar Casas engaged heavily in graphic design, adopting the art nouveau style that would come to define modernisme. He designed posters for the café, many of which depicted Romeu's gaunt visage. He also executed a series of advertisements for Codorniu, a brand of cava (or, as its ads of the time claimed, champagne) and anisette. Over the next decade, he would design poster ads for everything from cigarette papers to the Enciclopèdia Espasa.
His prominence grows
The Charge or Barcelona 1902

For the 1900 Exposition Universelle (1900) in Paris, the Spanish committee chose two of Casas' full-length oil portraits: an 1891 portrait of Erik Satie[1] and an 1895 portrait of Casas' sister Elisa. His 1894 Garrote Vil —a portrayal of an execution— won a major prize in Munich in 1901; his work was shown not only in the major capitals of Europe, but as far away as Buenos Aires, Argentina. In 1902, twelve of his canvasses were installed permanently in the rotunda of the Cercle de Liceu, the exclusive private club associated with Barcelona's famous opera house.

In 1903 he became a full Societaire of the Salon du Champ de Mars in Paris, which would have allowed him to exhibit there annually, but in fact he only exhibited there for two more years. In 1903, his piece for the salon was one that had originally been called La Carga (The Charge), which he retitled Barcelona 1902 in reference to a recent general strike, although in fact the painting, which shows Guardia Civil routing a crowd, had been executed at least two years before that strike. In 1904, the same piece won first prize at the General Exposition in Madrid.

During a 1904 sojourn in Madrid, he produced a series of sketches of the Madrid intelligentsia, and befriended painters Eliseu Meifrèn and Joaquín Sorolla, as well as Agustí Querol Subirats, official sculptor to the Spanish government. In Querol's studio, he executed an equestrian portrait of the king, Alfonso XIII, which was soon purchased by the American collector Charles Deering, who, over the next few years would commission or purchase several of Casas paintings.
Júlia Peraire
La Sargantaine, c. 1907, portrait of Júlia Peraire

Increasingly in demand as a portraitist, he settled again for a while in Barcelona. Shortly thereafter he made the acquaintance of a young artist's model named Júlia Peraire, 22 years his junior. He first painted her in 1906 when she was 18. She soon became his favorite model and his lover. His family did not approve of her; they eventually married, but not until 1922.
Patronage and stardom

Casas' mother purchased the monastery of Sant Benet de Bages in 1907 and hired Puig i Cadafalch to restore it. Casas would spend much time there, and would repeatedly depict the monastery and its surroundings. Five years later, when his mother died, he inherited the monastery.
Casas portrait of Charles Deering, c. 1914

In 1908 Casas and his now-patron Deering traveled through Catalonia. Deering purchased a former hospital in Sitges to transform it into a sometime residence. Miquel Utrillo dubbed it Marycel. Later that year, Casas began a six-month journey to Cuba and the United States at Deering's invitation. During this time, he executed a dozen oil portraits and over thirty charcoal drawings of Deering's friends and associates.

Returning to Spain in April 1909, he put on a solo shows in both Barcelona and Madrid. At the Fayanç Català gallery in Barcelona, he displayed 200 charcoal sketches, which he then donated to the Museo de Barcelona. His show in Madrid was at the Ministry of Tourism, and featured portraits of the city's leading figures, including the king.

His life continued in this vein for some time. In 1910 executed a painting of the funeral of his friend the art critic and novelist Raimón Casellas, who had committed suicide the previous year shortly after Barcelona's semana trágica and, for Deering, painted a second version of La Carga, this time with the prominent foreground figure of a Guardia Civil on foot rather than on horseback. Over the remaining years before World War I he traveled extensively in Spain and Europe, sometimes alone and sometimes with Deering, visiting Vienna, Budapest, Munich, Paris, the Netherlands, Madrid, and Galicia. He continued to have major exhibits in Spain and France. In 1913 he acquired an architecturally notable home in Barcelona, a tower on Carrer de San Gervasi (now Carrer de les Carolines) in the Sant Gervasi neighborhood; in 1915, he, Rusiñol, and Clarassó exhibited together in the Sala Parés, celebrating the 25th anniversary of their first joint exhibition there.
Tamarit and after
Anti-tuberculosis poster, 1929

In 1916, Casas and Deering traveled to Tamarit in Catalonia. Deering purchased the entire village, and placed Casas in charge of the project of restoring it. Several years later, in 1924, he would return to Tamarit to paint numerous landscapes.

Also in 1916, Deering purchased a house in Sitges, known as Can Xicarrons (now a museum), and the magazine Vell i Nou dedicated an issue to Casas.

Up until this time, Casas had kept his distance from the battles of World War I, but in 1918 he visited the front; he painted a self-portrait wearing a military cape.

Casas, Rusiñol, and Clarasó resumed regular annual joint exhibitions at Sala Parés in 1921; these continued until Rusiñol's death in 1931. However, that year he had a falling out with his friend Utrillo over Maricel Casas's close association with Deering; the breach was never healed.

In 1922, Casas finally married Júlia Peraire, and in 1924 she came along with him on a trip to the United States, during which he once again made portraits of the rich and famous.

By the 1920s, Casas had fallen far away from the avant-gardiste tendencies of his youth. If anything, his work from this period looks like it came from an academic painter of an earlier time than his work of the 1890s. He continued painting landscapes and portraits, as well as anti-tuberculosis posters and the like, but by the time of his death in 1932, shortly after the emergence of the Second Spanish Republic, he was already more a figure of the past than the present.

See also

The Corpus Christi Procession Leaving the Church of Santa Maria del Mar by Ramon Casas
Ramon Casas and Pere Romeu on a Tandem by Ramon Casas
Ramon Casas and Pere Romeu in an Automobile by Ramon Casas
Over My Dead Body (Ramon Casas) by Ramon Casas

References

Avril in Paris at www.artnet.com

Curiosities about Ramón Casas

Artist, Spain

Artist

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