- Art Gallery -

 

Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan

Dance of the Cupids, Francesco Albani

St Jerome in the Desert, Lazzaro Bastiani

The Death of St Jerome, Lazzaro Bastiani

St Jerome Bringing the Lion to the Convent, Lazzaro Bastiani


Portrait of Andrea Doria as Neptune, Bronzino

Stigmatization of St. Francis, Vincenzo Foppa

Mary altar, predella: Miracle of St. Dominic, Benozzo Gozzoli


Legend of St. Stephan: Disputation of St Stephen, Vittore Carpaccio

Adoration of the Magi, Correggio

Madonna della Candeletta, Carlo Crivelli

Crucifixion, Carlo Crivelli


The death of the Doge Marin Faliero, Francesco Hayez


Portrait of Giocchino Rossini, Francesco Hayez


Portrait of Camillo Benso Cavour, Francesco Hayez


The Kiss, Francesco Hayez

The hunter, Domenico Induno


Porrtrait of a Lady, Nicolas de Largilliere

In the vine, Silvestro Lega


The tooth puller, Pietro Longhi

Madonna with Saints and a nun, Bernardino Luini


Portrait of the singer Domenico Annibali, Anton Raphael Mengs

The Three Archangels, Marco d'Oggiono


St. Peter and St. Paul, Guido Reni

Discovery of the body of St. Mark, Jacopo Tintoretto


Lamentation of Christ, Jacopo Tintoretto


St. Jerome, Titian

Crucified Christ, Cosmè Tura

The Pinacoteca di Brera ("Brera Art Gallery") is the main public gallery for paintings in Milan, Italy. It contains one of the foremost collections of Italian paintings, an outgrowth of the cultural program of the Brera Academy, which shares the site in the Palazzo Brera.
 
History
Madonna della Candeletta, Carlo Crivelli. c. 1490

The Palazzo Brera owes its name to the Germanic braida, indicating a grassy opening in the city structure: compare the Bra of Verona. The convent on the site passed to the Jesuits (1572), then underwent a radical rebuilding by Francesco Maria Richini (1627–28). When the Jesuits were disbanded in 1773, the palazzo remained the seat of the astronomical Observatory and the Braidense National Library founded by the Jesuits. In 1774 were added the herbarium of the new botanical garden. The buildings were extended to designs by Giuseppe Piermarini, who was appointed professor in the Academy when it was formally founded in 1776, with Giuseppe Parini as dean. Piermarini taught at the Academy for 20 years, while he was controller of the city's urbanistic projects, like the public gardens (1787–1788) and piazza Fontana, (1780—1782).

For the better teaching of architecture, sculpture and the other arts, the Academy initiated by Parini was provided with a collection of casts after the Antique, an essential for inculcating a refined Neoclassicism in the students. Under Parini's successors, the abate Carlo Bianconi (1778–1802) and artist Giuseppe Bossi (1802–1807), the Academy acquired the first paintings of its pinacoteca during the reassignment of works of Italian art that characterized the Napoleonic era. Raphael's Sposalizio (the Marriage of the Virgin) was the key painting of the early collection, and the Academy increased its cultural scope by taking on associates across the First French Empire: David, Pietro Benvenuti, Vincenzo Camuccini, Canova, Thorvaldsen and the archaeologist Ennio Quirino Visconti. In 1805, under Bossi's direction, the series of annual exhibitions was initiated with a system of prizes, a counterpart of the Paris Salons, which served to identify Milan as the cultural capital for contemporary painting in Italy through the 19th century. The Academy's artistic committee, the Commissione di Ornato exercised a controlling influence on public monuments, a precursor of today's Sopraintendenze delle Belle Arti.

The Romantic era witnessed the triumph of academic history painting, guided at the Academy by Francesco Hayez, and the introduction of the landscape as an acceptable academic genre, inspired by Massimo D'Azeglio and Giuseppe Bisi, while the Academy moved towards becoming an institution for teaching the history of art. Thus in 1882 the Paintings Gallery was separated from the Academy.

From 1891 the exhibitions were reduced to triennial events, and architectural projects developed their autonomous course. During the period of the avant-garde when Modernism was becoming established, the director of the Academy Camillo Boito had as pupil Luca Beltrami, and Cesare Tallone taught Carlo Carrà and Achille Funi.

The Brera Observatory hosted the astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli for four decades, and the Orto Botanico di Brera is a historic botanical garden located behind the Pinacoteca.


References

    Brera Gallery official website (Italian)
    Accademia di Brera official website

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