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Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Female Portrait. El Greco

Young Woman in White by the Sea. Edwin Austin Abbey

A Reading from Homer, Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema

The Dormition of the Virgin. Fra Angelico ( Guido di Pietro)

Portrait of a Young Gentleman. Antonello da Messina

Christ Healing a Lunatic and Judas Receiving Thirty Pieces of Silver. Francesco di Antonio

Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints John the Baptist and James Major. Andrea di Bartolo

Virgin and Child. Domenico di Bartolo (Domenico di Bartolo Ghezzi)

Still Life with Flowers in a Vase. Christoffel van den Berghe

Still Life with Flowers, Shells, a Shark's Head, and Petrifications. Antoine Berjon

Still Life with Fish, Abraham Hendriksz. van Beyeren

Sappho , Arnold Boecklin

Highway of Combes-la-Ville , Giovanni Boldini

The Adoration of the Magi, Hieronymus Bosch

Saint John the Evangelist Reviving Drusiana. Andrea Boscoli

Beach at Etretat. Eugene-Louis Boudin

Beach at Trouville. Eugene-Louis Boudin

Boats in Trouville Harbor. Eugene-Louis Boudin

Camaret, Le Toulinguet. Eugene-Louis Boudin

Deauville, Flag-Decked Ships in the Inner Harbor. Eugene-Louis Boudin

Deauville, the Terrace. Eugene-Louis Boudin

Etaples, les Bords de la Canche. Eugene-Louis Boudin

Le Cap, Antibes. Eugene-Louis Boudin

View of Trouville. Eugene-Louis Boudin

Landscape with Figures. Cecco Bravo

Portrait of Cosimo I de' Medici as Orpheus , Angelo Bronzino

The Governess. Alexandre Cabanel

The Bucintoro at the Molo on Ascension Day. Canaletto (II), Giovanni Antonio Canal

The Farm at Saint Simon, Honfleur, Adolphe-Felix Cals

Christ and the Virgin, Robert Campin

Mother and Child Sleeping. Eugene Carriere

Young Girl Counting. Eugene Carriere

Adoration of the Magi, Cenni di Francesco

The Moorish Chief . Eduard Charlemont

Pinchincha. Frederic Edwin Church

The large bathers. Paul Cézanne

Chiron Instructing Achilles in the Bow. Giovanni Battista Cipriani

Silenus and Satyrs, Cima da Conegliano

Bacchant, Cima da Conegliano

Coast Scene, Brighton, John Constable

Dell at Helmingham Park, John Constable

Landscape with a River, John Constable

Portrait of Master Crosby, John Constable

Road to the Spaniards, Hampstead, John Constable

Aqueduct, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

Edge of Lake Nemi, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

Gypsy Girl at a Fountain, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

Morning on the Estuary, Ville d'Avray, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

Mother and Child on a Beach, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

Mother Protecting Her Child, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

Pollard Willows, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

View in Holland, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

Virgin and Child, with Saint Elizabeth and the Young Saint John the Baptist, Correggio

Coast Scene, Gustave Courbet

Head of a Woman and Flowers, Gustave Courbet

Nude Reclining by the Sea, Gustave Courbet

Spanish Woman, Gustave Courbet

Still Life with Apples and a Pear, Gustave Courbet

The Fringe of the Forest, Gustave Courbet

Valley, Gustave Courbet

Waves, Gustave Courbet

Bacchus and Ariadne on the Isle of Naxos, Antoine Coypel

Dead Christ Supported by Two Angels, Carlo Crivelli

Portrait of Johann Georg I. Daniel Bretschneider the Younger

Mill, Charles-Francois Daubigny

Solitude, Charles-Francois Daubigny

The Imaginary Illness, Honore Daumier

The Print Collector, Honore Daumier

Enthroned Virgin and Child, with Angels, Gerard David

Lamentation, Gerard David

Salvator Mundi, Gerard David

Autumn, Enchanted Salutation, Arthur Bowen Davies

Ballett, seen from a Loge, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas

After the Bath (Woman Drying Herself), Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas

Interior, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas

The Ballet Class, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas

Horses at a Fountain, Ferdinand-Victor-Eugene Delacroix

Interior of a Dominican Convent in Madrid, Ferdinand-Victor-Eugene Delacroix

Portrait of Eugene Berny d'Ouville, Ferdinand-Victor-Eugene Delacroix

Still Life with Flowers and Fruit, Ferdinand-Victor-Eugene Delacroix

Portrait of Lady Juliana Penn, Arthur Devis

Portrait of the Right Honorable Thomas Penn, Arthur Devis

Saints Roch, Stephen, Lawrence, and Elizabeth Distributing Alms, Abraham van Diepenbeeck

The Holy Family, with the Young Saint John the Baptist, a Cat, and Two Donors, Dosso Dossi

Portrait of a Gentleman, Dosso Dossi

Portrait of William Merritt Chase, Frank Duveneck

The Gross Clinic, Thomas Eakins

Cowboy Singing, Thomas Eakins

The Continence of Scipio, Gerbrand van den Eeckhout

Dorothea, Jacob Eichholtz

Portrait of Isidro Gonzalez Velasquez, Agustin Esteve y Marques

Still Life with Birds , Hendrik de Fromantiou

Arabian Shepherd (Shepherd- High Plateau of Kabylia), Eugene Fromentin

A Young Art Student (Portrait of Thomas Eakins), Charles Lewis Fussell

Saint Sylvester and the Dragon, Agnolo Gaddi

There is the temple ( Parahi te marae ), Paul Gauguin

Virgin and Child with a Pomegranate, Francesco di Gentile da Fabriano

The Man of Sorrows (Christ Crowned with Thorns), Domenico Ghirlandaio

Saint Nicholas of Tolentino Saving a Ship Giovanni di Paolo (Giovanni di Paolo di Grazia)

Christ on the Way to Calvary Giovanni di Paolo (Giovanni di Paolo di Grazia)

Sine Cerere et Libero friget Venus (Without Ceres and Bacchus, Venus Would Freeze) , Hendrick Goltzius

Portrait of the Toreador Jose Romero, Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes

The Seesaw, Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes

Purification of the Virgin, Benozzo Gozzoli

Winter Landscape with the Angel Appearing to Saint Joseph, the Massacre of the Innocents, and the Flight into Egypt, Abel Grimmer

Capriccio, Francesco Guardi

Regatta in Volta di Canal, Francesco Guardi

The Meeting of Pope Pius VI and Doge Paolo Renier at San Giorgio in Alga, Francesco Guardi

Portrait of a Mother and Her Children [possibly Mrs. Weddell], George Henry Harlow

Oak, Henri-Joseph Harpignies

The Funerary Honors Rendered to Titian, Who Died in Venice during the Plague of 1576, Alexandre-Jean-Baptiste Hesse

Noah's Ark, Edward Hicks

The Peaceable Kingdom, Edward Hicks

Landscape near Medfield, Massachusetts, George Inness

Short Cut, Watchung Station, New Jersey, George Inness

Sheep Leaving a Farmyard, Charles-Emile Jacque

Barn Swallows, Eastman Johnson

Portrait of Lieutenant General James Cuninghame, Angelica Kauffman

Spring, John LaFarge

Putti Playing with the Accoutrements of Hercules, Francois Lemoyne

Faust and Marguerite , Hendrik Jan August Leys

Interior of an Inn, Hendrik Jan August Leys

Bacchus and Ariadne, Gerard de Lairesse

River, Ernest Lawson

Landscape near the Harlem River, Ernest Lawson

The Catechism in the Cathedral of Milan, Alessandro Magnasco

Il Saltimbanco, Antonio Mancini

Young Boy with Toy Soldiers, Antonio Mancini

Le Bon Bock, Edouard Manet

Marine in Holland, Edouard Manet

Marine View, Edouard Manet

Portrait of Isabelle Lemonnier, Edouard Manet

The Battle of the Kearsarge and the Alabama, Edouard Manet

The Folkestone Boat, Boulogne, Edouard Manet

Canal near Rijswijk, Jacob Hendricus Maris,

The Schreierstoren, Amsterdam, Jacob Hendricus Maris

The Peacock (Portrait of a Woman), Alfred Henry Maurer

The Return of the Flock, Laren, Anton Mauve

The Virgin, Hans Memling

Mountainous Landscape with a River, Frans de Momper

Bend in the Epte River near Giverny, Claude Monet

Customhouse, Varengeville, Claude Monet

Flowers in a Vase, Claude Monet

Green Park, London, Claude Monet

Japanese Footbridge, Giverny, Claude Monet

Manne-Porte, Etretat, Claude Monet

Marine near Etretat, Claude Monet

Marine View with a Sunset, Claude Monet

Morning at Antibes, Claude Monet

Morning Haze, Claude Monet

Morning Haze, Claude Monet

Nympheas, Japanese Bridge, Claude Monet

Poplars on the Bank of the Epte River, Claude Monet

Poplars, Claude Monet

Railroad Bridge, Argenteuil, Claude Monet

The Grande Creuse at Pont de Verry, Claude Monet

The Japanese Footbridge and the Water Lily Pool, Giverny, Claude Monet

Boating Party, Adolphe-Joseph-Thomas Monticelli

Fruits of Early Industry and Economy, George Morland

The Happy Cottagers (The Cottage Door), George Morland

The Stagecoach, George Morland

Virgin and Child; Man of Sorrows. Allegretto Nuzi

Saint James Major. Antonio Orsini (Master of the Carminati Coronation)

Saint John the Baptist. Antonio Orsini (Master of the Carminati Coronation)

The Adoration of the Magi. Bernard van Orley

Peasants Drinking and Making Music, Adriaen van Ostade

River and Towpath, Alfred Parsons

Portrait of Colonel Lambert Cadwalader, Charles Willson Peale

Portrait of Hannah Lambert Cadwalader, Charles Willson Peale

Portrait of John and Elizabeth Lloyd Cadwalader and Their Daughter Anne, Charles Willson Peale

Portrait of John B. Bayard, Charles Willson Peale

Portrait of Martha Cadwalader Dagworthy, Charles Willson Peale

Portrait of Mrs. John B. Bayard, Charles Willson Peale

Rachel Weeping, Charles Willson Peale

Staircase Group (Portrait of Raphaelle Peale and Titian Ramsey Peale), Charles Willson Peale

Blond Boy with Primer, Peach, and Dog, Ammi Phillips

Musical Group, Callisto Piazza

Afternoon Sunshine, Pont Neuf, Camille Pissarro

Fair on a Sunny Afternoon, Dieppe, Camille Pissarro

L'Ile Lacroix, Rouen (The Effect of Fog), Camille Pissarro

Quai Napoleon, Rouen, Camille Pissarro

Summer Landscape, Eragny, Camille Pissarro

The Field and the Great Walnut Tree in Winter, Eragny, Camille Pissarro

Vegetable Garden, Overcast Morning, Eragny, Camille Pissarro

The Birth of Venus, Nicolas Poussin

The triumph of Neptune ( The Bacchanal Richelieu), Nicolas Poussin

Chilly Observation, Charles Sidney Raleigh

The Pyrenees. Henri Regnault

The Battle of Fredericksburg, December 13, 1862. Carl Rochling

Portrait of Emma Hart as Miranda [later Lady Hamilton]. George Romney

Portrait of John Wesley. George Romney

Portrait of Lady Grantham. George Romney

Portrait of Marianne Holbech. George Romney

Portrait of Mr. Adye's Children (The Willett Children). George Romney

Shepherd Girl (Little Bo-Peep). George Romney

Lamentation. Cosimo Rosselli

Carnival Evening. Henri-Julien-Felix Rousseau

Landscape with Cattle. Henri-Julien-Felix Rousseau

Still Life with Flowers. Henri-Julien-Felix Rousseau

The Merry Jesters. Henri-Julien-Felix Rousseau

Village Street. Henri-Julien-Felix Rousseau

Young Girl in Pink. Henri-Julien-Felix Rousseau

Prometheus Bound, Peter Paul Rubens

Bleaching Fields to the North-Northeast of Haarlem, Jacob Isaacksz. van Ruisdael

Dunes, Jacob Isaacksz. van Ruisdael

Entrance Gate of the Castle of Brederode, Jacob Isaacksz. van Ruisdael

Landscape with a Waterfall, Jacob Isaacksz. van Ruisdael

Hubert and Arthur, Christian Schussele

The Reconciliation of the Romans and Sabines, Jacopo da Sellaio

In The Luxembourg Gardens

In The Luxembourg Gardens, John Singer Sargent

Banks of the Loing River, Alfred Sisley

Bridge at Moret-sur-Loing, Alfred Sisley

Landscape (Spring at Bougival) , Alfred Sisley

The Bridge at Saint-Mammes , Alfred Sisley

The Canal at Saint-Mammes, Alfred Sisley

The Seine at Billancourt, Alfred Sisley

Christ Bound and Crowned with Thorns, Andrea Solario

Virgin and Child, with a Bird and a Cat, Giovanni Martino Spanzotti

Prayer before the Meal, Jan Steen

Landscape with an Inn and Skittles, Jan Steen

Moses Striking the Rock, Jan Steen

Rhetoricians at a Window, Jan Steen

The Doctor's Visit, Jan Steen

Tavern Scene with a Pregnant Hostess, Jan Steen

The May Queen, Jan Steen

As the Old Ones Sing, So the Young Ones Pipe, Jan Steen

Departing for the Promenade Will You Go Out with Me, Fido, Alfred Émile Léopold Stevens

Scholar, Abraham van Strij

Portrait of David Montague, 2nd Baron Erskine , Gilbert Charles Stuart

Portrait of Dean Christopher Bertson , Gilbert Charles Stuart

Portrait of Frances Cadwalader Montagu, Lady Erskine , Gilbert Charles Stuart

Portrait of Mrs. Christopher Bertson , Gilbert Charles Stuart

Hound Coursing a Stag, George Stubbs

Laborers Loading a Brick Cart, George Stubbs

Officer Writing a Letter, with a Trumpeter, Gerard ter Borch the younger

Water Mill, Frits Thaulow

Saint Roch, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo

Sketch for The Glory of Saint Dominicó, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo

Sketch for Venus and Vulcanus, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo

The Baptism of Christ and the Martyrdom of Saint James the Great, Giovanni Toscani

Christ Among the Doctors, Giovanni Toscani

Presentation of Christ in the Temple, Giovanni Toscani

Ball at the Moulin Rouge, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Carriage, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Follette, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

The Burning of the Houses of Parliament, Joseph Mallord William Turner

Leashed Hounds, Constant Troyon

Villa at Caprarola, Claude-Joseph Vernet

Portrait of Anthony Reyniers and His Family, Cornelis de Vos

Street, Jacob Vrel

Portrait of George Washington, Adolf Ulrik Wertmüller

Arrangement in Black (The Lady in the Yellow Buskin), James Abbott McNeill Whistler

Nocturne, James Abbott McNeill Whistler

Note in Red: The Siesta, James Abbott McNeill Whistler

The Lady of the Lang Lijsen, James Abbott McNeill Whistler

Home of George Washington, "The Father of His Country". J. Wiess

Stonemason Resting, Gerrit van Zegelaar

The Annunciation, Francisco de Zurbaran

The Philadelphia Museum of Art is among the largest art museums in the United States.[2][3] It has collections of more than 227,000 objects that include "world-class holdings of European and American paintings, prints, drawings, and decorative arts".[4] The Main Building is visited by more than 800,000 people annually, and is located at the west end of Philadelphia's Benjamin Franklin Parkway.

Other museum sites include the Rodin Museum, also located on the Benjamin Franklin Parkway; the Ruth and Raymond G. Perelman Building, across the street from the Main Building; and historic houses in Fairmount Park. The Perelman Building opened in 2007, and houses some of the more popular collections, as well as the Museum's library, with over 200,000 books and periodicals, and 1.6 million other documents.[5]

The museum is closed on Mondays, and the basic entrance price is $20, with various concessions.[6] The museum holds a total of about 25 special exhibitions every year, including touring exhibitions arranged with other museums in the United States and abroad. Some have an extra charge for entrance.[7]

Philadelphia celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence with the 1876 Centennial Exhibition, America's first World's Fair. Its art building, Memorial Hall, was intended to outlast the Exhibition and house a permanent museum. Following the example of London's South Kensington Museum, the new museum was to focus on applied art and science, and provide a school to train craftsmen in drawing, painting, modeling, and designing.[8]

The Pennsylvania Museum and School of Industrial Art opened on May 10, 1877. Its permanent collection began with objects from the Exhibition and gifts from the public impressed with the Exhibition's ideals of good design and craftsmanship. European and Japanese fine and decorative art objects and books for the Museum's library were among the first donations. The location outside of Center City, however, was fairly distant from many of the city's inhabitants.[9] Admission was charged until 1881, then was dropped until 1962.[10]

Starting in 1882, Clara Jessup Moore donated a remarkable collection of antique furniture, enamels, carved ivory, jewelry, metalwork, glass, ceramics, books, textiles and paintings. The Countess de Brazza's lace collection was acquired in 1894 forming the nucleus of the lace collection. In 1893 Anna H. Wilstach bequeathed a large painting collection, including many American paintings, and an endowment of half a million dollars for additional purchases. Works by James Abbott McNeill Whistler and George Inness were purchased within a few years and Henry Ossawa Tanner's The Annunciation was bought in 1899.[10]

In the early 1900s, the Museum started an education program for the general public, as well as a membership program. Fiske Kimball was the museum director during the rapid growth of the 1920s, which included one million visitors in the new building's first year. After World War II the collections grew with gifts, such as the John D. McIlhenny and George Grey Barnard collections.

Early modern art dominated the growth of the collections in the 1950s, with acquisitions of the Louise and Walter Arensberg and the A.E. Gallatin collections. The gift of Philadelphian Grace Kelly's wedding dress is perhaps the best known gift of the 1950s.[11]

Extensive renovation of the building lasted from the 1960s through 1976. Major acquisitions included the Carroll S. Tyson, Jr. and Samuel S. White III and Vera White collections, 71 objects from designer Elsa Schiaparelli, and Marcel Duchamp's Étant donnés. In 1976 there were celebrations and special exhibitions for the centennial of the Museum and the bicentennial of the nation. During the last three decades major acquisitions have included After the Bath by Edgar Degas and Fifty Days at Iliam by Cy Twombly.[11]
Main Building
"Plan for the Fairmount Parkway" (1917), by Jacques Gréber.
The western pediment features polychrome sculpture by Jennewein

The City Council of Philadelphia funded a competition in 1895 to design a new museum building,[10] but it was not until 1907 that plans were first made to construct it on Fairmount, a rocky hill topped by the city's main reservoir. The Fairmount Parkway (renamed Benjamin Franklin Parkway), a grand boulevard that cut diagonally across the grid of city streets, was designed to terminate at the foot of the hill. But there were conflicting views about whether to erect a single museum building, or a number of buildings to house individual collections. The architectural firms of Horace Trumbauer and Zantzinger, Borie and Medary collaborated for more than a decade to resolve these issues. The final design is mostly credited to two architects in Trumbauer's firm: Howell Lewis Shay for the building's plan and massing, and Julian Abele for the detail work and perspective drawings.[12]

Construction of the Main Building began in 1919, when Mayor Thomas B. Smith laid the cornerstone in a Masonic ceremony. Because of shortages caused by World War I and other delays, the new building was not completed until 1928.[11] The facade and columns are made of Minnesota dolomite.

The wings were built first, which helped assure funding for the completion of the design.

The building's eight pediments were intended to be adorned with sculpture groups. The only pediment that has been completed, "Western Civilization" (1933) by C. Paul Jennewein, features his polychrome sculptures of painted terra-cotta figures, depicting Greek deities and mythological figures. It was completed in 1933 and garnered much praise when it was unveiled.

The building is also adorned by a collection of bronze griffins, which were adopted as the symbol of the museum in the 1970s.[9]

The Main Building was once derided as the "Great Greek garage", but now is fondly nicknamed the "Parthenon on the Parkway".
See also: List of artists in the Philadelphia Museum of Art handbook of the collections
Henry Ossawa Tanner's Annunciation, acquired in 1899
Pablo Picasso, 1921, Nous autres musiciens (Three Musicians), oil on canvas, 204.5 x 188.3 cm

The Museum houses more than 227,000 objects showing the creative achievements of the Western world since the first century CE and those of Asia since the third millennium BCE.[13] Though the Museum houses over 200 galleries spanning 2,000 years,[5] it does not have any galleries devoted to Egyptian, Roman, or Pre-Columbian art. This is because a partnership between the Museum and the University of Pennsylvania had been enacted early in the Museum's history. The University loaned the Museum its collection of Chinese porcelain, and the Museum loaned a majority of its Roman, Pre-Columbian, and Egyptian pieces to the University. However, the Museum keeps a few important pieces for special exhibitions.

Highlights of the Asian collections include paintings and sculpture from China, Japan, and India; furniture and decorative arts, including major collections of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean ceramics; a large and distinguished group of Persian and Turkish carpets; and rare and authentic architectural assemblages such as a Chinese palace hall, a Japanese teahouse, and a sixteenth-century Indian temple hall.[4]

The European collections, dating from the medieval era to the present, encompass Italian and Flemish early-Renaissance masterworks; strong representations of later European paintings, including French Impressionism and Post-Impressionism; sculpture, with a special concentration in the works of Auguste Rodin; decorative arts; tapestries; furniture; the second-largest collection of arms and armor in the United States; and period rooms and architectural settings ranging from the facade of a medieval church in Burgundy to a superbly decorated English drawing room by Robert Adam.[4]

The museum's American collections, surveying three centuries of painting, sculpture, and decorative arts, are among the finest in the United States, with outstanding strengths in 18th- and 19th-century Philadelphia furniture and silver, Pennsylvania German art, rural Pennsylvania furniture and ceramics, and the paintings of Thomas Eakins. The museum houses the most important Eakins collection in the world.[4]

Modern artwork includes works by Pablo Picasso, Jean Metzinger, Antonio Rotta, Albert Gleizes, Marcel Duchamp, Salvador Dalí and Constantin Brâncuși, as well as American modernists. The expanding collection of contemporary art includes major works by Cy Twombly, Jasper Johns, and Sol LeWitt, among many others.[4]

The museum houses encyclopedic holdings of costume and textiles, as well as prints, drawings, and photographs that are displayed in rotation for reasons of preservation.[4]
The Carl Otto Kretzschmar von Kienbusch Collection
Set of half-armor, Milan, Italy, ca.1600.

The museum also houses the armor collection of Carl Otto Kretzschmar von Kienbusch. The Von Kienbusch collection was bequeathed by the celebrated collector to the museum in 1976, the Bicentennial Anniversary of the American Revolution. The Von Kienbusch holdings are comprehensive and include European and Southwest Asian arms and armor spanning several centuries.[14]

On May 30, 2000, the museum and the State Art Collections in Dresden, Germany (Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden), announced an agreement for the return of five pieces of armor stolen from Dresden during World War II.[15] In 1953, Von Kienbusch had unsuspectingly purchased the armor, which was part of his 1976 bequest. Von Kienbusch published catalogs of his collection, which eventually led Dresden authorities to bring the matter up with the museum.[16][17]
Special exhibitions
Surreal entrance display for the 2005 Salvador Dalí exhibition, including the steps of the museum

Each year the Museum puts on 25 or more special exhibitions. Some of the larger and more famous special exhibitions, which have attracted hundreds of thousands of people from every state and around the world, include shows featuring Paul Cézanne (in 1996, attracting 548,000, and 2009) and Salvador Dalí (in 2005, attracting 370,000).
Gallery expansion
The rear entrance covered during construction in 2008

Due to high attendance and overflowing collections, the Museum announced in October 2006 that Frank Gehry would design a building expansion. The 80,000-square-foot (7,400 m2) gallery will be built entirely underground behind the "Rocky Steps" and will not alter any of the museum's existing Greek revival facade. The construction is projected to last a decade and cost $500 million. It will increase the museum's available display space by sixty percent and house mostly contemporary sculpture, Asian art, and special exhibitions.[2][18]

Uncertainty was cast on the plans by the 2008 death of Anne d'Harnoncourt, but new director Timothy Rub, who had initiated a 350-million dollar expansion at the Cleveland Museum of Art, will be carrying out the plans as scheduled. In 2010, Gehry attended the groundbreaking for the second phase of the expansion, due to be completed in 2012. In this phase, a ground level entrance that had been replaced by a loading dock will be reclaimed, and will lead to a 500-foot-long arcaded hallway. Construction of the main new galleries will start after the completion of the second phase. Said Gehry: "When it's done, people coming to this museum will have an experience that's as big as Bilbao. It won't be apparent from the outside, but it will knock their socks off inside."[18][19]

The most controversial part of the Gehry design remains a proposed window and amphitheater to be cut into the "Rocky" steps.[20] Others have criticized the design as too tame.[21] The Gehry expansion is projected to be completed by 2028.[22]
Relationship to Philadelphia
The British poster for Rocky, showing Rocky at the top of the Rocky Steps.

Besides being known for its architecture and collections, the Philadelphia Museum of Art has in recent decades become known due to the role it played in the Rocky films – Rocky (1976) and four of its five sequels, II, III, V and Rocky Balboa. Visitors to the museum are often seen mimicking Rocky Balboa (Sylvester Stallone)'s famous run up the front steps, now known widely as the "Rocky Steps".[23] Screen Junkies named the "Rocky Steps" at the Philadelphia Museum of Art as the second most famous movie location behind only Grand Central Station in New York.[24]
Live 8 At the Philadelphia Museum of Art. July 2, 2005

A bronze statue of Rocky was briefly placed at the top of the steps for the filming of Rocky III and later moved to the Spectrum after Stallone donated the statue to the city of Philadelphia. The statue was returned to the steps for the film Rocky V, and also appears in the movies Philadelphia and Mannequin. On September 8, 2006, a ceremony marked its relocation to the foot of the steps in the gardens adjacent to Eakins Oval prior to the demolition of the Spectrum.[25]

Because of its location at the end of the Franklin Parkway, the museum provides the backdrop for many public events, including concerts and parades. On July 2, 2005, the steps of the museum played host to the Philadelphia venue of Live 8, where artists such as Dave Matthews Band, Linkin Park and Maroon 5 performed. The museum closed for Live 8, but reopened at regular hours the following day. The Philadelphia Freedom Concert was held two days later, with a Ball beforehand at the museum.

See also

3rd Sculpture International
Eakins Oval
List of most visited art museums in the world


Top 100 Art Museum Attendance, The Art Newspaper, 2014. Retrieved on 8 July 2014.
Pogrebin, Robin (October 19, 2006). "Philadelphia Museum Job Sends Gehry Underground". New York Times.
Main Web page, Philadelphia Museum of Art, accessed April 26, 2007
"Museum Collections" web page, at web site for The Philadelphia Museum of Art, accessed May 10, 2012
"Philadelphia Museum of Art: About". ARTINFO. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-29.[dead link]
PMA website Visitor information, accessed September 18, 2012
PMA website "Current Exhibitions"
"Centennial Origins: 1874–1876". History. Philadelphia Museum of Art. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
"Philadelphia Museum of Art :: Benjamin Franklin Parkway, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States". Glass Steel and Stone. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
"The Early Decades: 1877–1900". History. Philaref
"Museum History". History. Philadelphia Museum of Art. Retrieved May 22, 2012.
David B. Brownlee, Making a Modern Classic: The Architecture of the Philadelphia Museum of Art (Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1997), pp. 60–61, 72–73.
PMA website "Collections", accessed, May 10, 2012
"Philadelphia Museum of Art - Information : Press Room : Press Releases : 2004". Philamuseum.org. 2004-09-27. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
"PMA press release". Philamuseum.org. 1999-12-16. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
Carl Otto Kretzschmar von Kienbusch and the Collecting of Arms and Armor in America, Donald J. LaRocca, Philadelphia Museum of Art Bulletin, Vol. 81, No. 345, Kienbusch Centennial (Winter, 1985), pp. 2+4-24, doi:10.2307/3795448
Armor Collection at DictionaryofArtHistorians.org.
PMA web site "Master Plan", accessed, May 10, 2012
Associated Press (November 22, 2011). "Philly museum starts Gehry expansion". USA TODAY. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
Gehry architectural model, from Philadelphia Magazine, June 26, 2014.
Heller: "If you're going to hire Gehry, Let's do Gehry," Philadelphia Magazine, August 11, 2014.
Gehry section through museum, Philadelphia Magazine, July 2, 2014.
The Rocky Statue and the Rocky Steps visitphilly.com, accessed June 17, 2011.
10 Most Famous Movie Locations Screen Junkies
[1][dead link]

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