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Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Female Portrait. El Greco

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Young Woman in White by the Sea. Edwin Austin Abbey

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

A Reading from Homer, Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Dormition of the Virgin. Fra Angelico ( Guido di Pietro)

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of a Young Gentleman. Antonello da Messina

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Christ Healing a Lunatic and Judas Receiving Thirty Pieces of Silver. Francesco di Antonio

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints John the Baptist and James Major. Andrea di Bartolo

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Virgin and Child. Domenico di Bartolo (Domenico di Bartolo Ghezzi)

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Still Life with Flowers in a Vase. Christoffel van den Berghe

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Still Life with Flowers, Shells, a Shark's Head, and Petrifications. Antoine Berjon

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Still Life with Fish, Abraham Hendriksz. van Beyeren

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Sappho , Arnold Boecklin

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Highway of Combes-la-Ville , Giovanni Boldini

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Adoration of the Magi, Hieronymus Bosch

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Saint John the Evangelist Reviving Drusiana. Andrea Boscoli

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Beach at Etretat. Eugene-Louis Boudin

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Beach at Trouville. Eugene-Louis Boudin

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Boats in Trouville Harbor. Eugene-Louis Boudin

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Camaret, Le Toulinguet. Eugene-Louis Boudin

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Deauville, Flag-Decked Ships in the Inner Harbor. Eugene-Louis Boudin

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Deauville, the Terrace. Eugene-Louis Boudin

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Etaples, les Bords de la Canche. Eugene-Louis Boudin

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Le Cap, Antibes. Eugene-Louis Boudin

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

View of Trouville. Eugene-Louis Boudin

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Landscape with Figures. Cecco Bravo

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Cosimo I de' Medici as Orpheus , Angelo Bronzino

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Governess. Alexandre Cabanel

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Bucintoro at the Molo on Ascension Day. Canaletto (II), Giovanni Antonio Canal

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Farm at Saint Simon, Honfleur, Adolphe-Felix Cals

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Christ and the Virgin, Robert Campin

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Mother and Child Sleeping. Eugene Carriere

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Young Girl Counting. Eugene Carriere

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Adoration of the Magi, Cenni di Francesco

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Moorish Chief . Eduard Charlemont

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Pinchincha. Frederic Edwin Church

Museum of Art, Philadelphia
The large bathers. Paul Cézanne

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Chiron Instructing Achilles in the Bow. Giovanni Battista Cipriani

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Silenus and Satyrs, Cima da Conegliano

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Bacchant, Cima da Conegliano

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Coast Scene, Brighton, John Constable

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Dell at Helmingham Park, John Constable

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Landscape with a River, John Constable

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Master Crosby, John Constable

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Road to the Spaniards, Hampstead, John Constable

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Aqueduct, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Edge of Lake Nemi, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Gypsy Girl at a Fountain, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Morning on the Estuary, Ville d'Avray, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Mother and Child on a Beach, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Mother Protecting Her Child, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Pollard Willows, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

View in Holland, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Virgin and Child, with Saint Elizabeth and the Young Saint John the Baptist, Correggio

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Coast Scene, Gustave Courbet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Head of a Woman and Flowers, Gustave Courbet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Nude Reclining by the Sea, Gustave Courbet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Spanish Woman, Gustave Courbet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Still Life with Apples and a Pear, Gustave Courbet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Fringe of the Forest, Gustave Courbet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Valley, Gustave Courbet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Waves, Gustave Courbet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Bacchus and Ariadne on the Isle of Naxos, Antoine Coypel

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Dead Christ Supported by Two Angels, Carlo Crivelli

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Johann Georg I. Daniel Bretschneider the Younger

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Mill, Charles-Francois Daubigny

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Solitude, Charles-Francois Daubigny

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Imaginary Illness, Honore Daumier

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Print Collector, Honore Daumier

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Enthroned Virgin and Child, with Angels, Gerard David

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Lamentation, Gerard David

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Salvator Mundi, Gerard David

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Autumn, Enchanted Salutation, Arthur Bowen Davies

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Ballett, seen from a Loge, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

After the Bath (Woman Drying Herself), Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Interior, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Ballet Class, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Horses at a Fountain, Ferdinand-Victor-Eugene Delacroix

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Interior of a Dominican Convent in Madrid, Ferdinand-Victor-Eugene Delacroix

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Eugene Berny d'Ouville, Ferdinand-Victor-Eugene Delacroix

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Still Life with Flowers and Fruit, Ferdinand-Victor-Eugene Delacroix

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Lady Juliana Penn, Arthur Devis

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of the Right Honorable Thomas Penn, Arthur Devis

Museum of Art, Philadelphia
Saints Roch, Stephen, Lawrence, and Elizabeth Distributing Alms, Abraham van Diepenbeeck

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Holy Family, with the Young Saint John the Baptist, a Cat, and Two Donors, Dosso Dossi

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of a Gentleman, Dosso Dossi

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of William Merritt Chase, Frank Duveneck

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Gross Clinic, Thomas Eakins

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Cowboy Singing, Thomas Eakins

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Continence of Scipio, Gerbrand van den Eeckhout

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Dorothea, Jacob Eichholtz

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Isidro Gonzalez Velasquez, Agustin Esteve y Marques

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Still Life with Birds , Hendrik de Fromantiou

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Arabian Shepherd (Shepherd- High Plateau of Kabylia), Eugene Fromentin

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

A Young Art Student (Portrait of Thomas Eakins), Charles Lewis Fussell

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Saint Sylvester and the Dragon, Agnolo Gaddi

Museum of Art, Philadelphia
There is the temple ( Parahi te marae ), Paul Gauguin

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Virgin and Child with a Pomegranate, Francesco di Gentile da Fabriano

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Man of Sorrows (Christ Crowned with Thorns), Domenico Ghirlandaio

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Saint Nicholas of Tolentino Saving a Ship Giovanni di Paolo (Giovanni di Paolo di Grazia)

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Christ on the Way to Calvary Giovanni di Paolo (Giovanni di Paolo di Grazia)

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Sine Cerere et Libero friget Venus (Without Ceres and Bacchus, Venus Would Freeze) , Hendrick Goltzius

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of the Toreador Jose Romero, Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Seesaw, Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Purification of the Virgin, Benozzo Gozzoli

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Winter Landscape with the Angel Appearing to Saint Joseph, the Massacre of the Innocents, and the Flight into Egypt, Abel Grimmer

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Capriccio, Francesco Guardi

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Regatta in Volta di Canal, Francesco Guardi

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Meeting of Pope Pius VI and Doge Paolo Renier at San Giorgio in Alga, Francesco Guardi

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of a Mother and Her Children [possibly Mrs. Weddell], George Henry Harlow

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Oak, Henri-Joseph Harpignies

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Funerary Honors Rendered to Titian, Who Died in Venice during the Plague of 1576, Alexandre-Jean-Baptiste Hesse

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Noah's Ark, Edward Hicks

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Peaceable Kingdom, Edward Hicks

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Landscape near Medfield, Massachusetts, George Inness

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Short Cut, Watchung Station, New Jersey, George Inness

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Sheep Leaving a Farmyard, Charles-Emile Jacque

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Barn Swallows, Eastman Johnson

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Lieutenant General James Cuninghame, Angelica Kauffman

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Spring, John LaFarge

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Putti Playing with the Accoutrements of Hercules, Francois Lemoyne

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Faust and Marguerite , Hendrik Jan August Leys

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Interior of an Inn, Hendrik Jan August Leys

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Bacchus and Ariadne, Gerard de Lairesse

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

River, Ernest Lawson

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Landscape near the Harlem River, Ernest Lawson

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Catechism in the Cathedral of Milan, Alessandro Magnasco

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Il Saltimbanco, Antonio Mancini

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Young Boy with Toy Soldiers, Antonio Mancini

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Le Bon Bock, Edouard Manet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Marine in Holland, Edouard Manet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Marine View, Edouard Manet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Isabelle Lemonnier, Edouard Manet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Battle of the Kearsarge and the Alabama, Edouard Manet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Folkestone Boat, Boulogne, Edouard Manet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Canal near Rijswijk, Jacob Hendricus Maris

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Schreierstoren, Amsterdam, Jacob Hendricus Maris

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Peacock (Portrait of a Woman), Alfred Henry Maurer

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Return of the Flock, Laren, Anton Mauve

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Virgin, Hans Memling

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Mountainous Landscape with a River, Frans de Momper

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Bend in the Epte River near Giverny, Claude Monet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Customhouse, Varengeville, Claude Monet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Flowers in a Vase, Claude Monet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Green Park, London, Claude Monet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Japanese Footbridge, Giverny, Claude Monet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Manne-Porte, Etretat, Claude Monet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Marine near Etretat, Claude Monet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Marine View with a Sunset, Claude Monet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Morning at Antibes, Claude Monet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Port of Le Havre, Claude Monet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Morning Haze, Claude Monet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Nympheas, Japanese Bridge, Claude Monet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Poplars, End of Autumn, Claude Monet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Poplars, Three Trees in Autumn, Claude Monet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Railroad Bridge, Argenteuil, Claude Monet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Grande Creuse at Pont de Verry, Claude Monet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Japanese Footbridge and the Water Lily Pool, Giverny, Claude Monet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Boating Party, Adolphe-Joseph-Thomas Monticelli

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Fruits of Early Industry and Economy, George Morland

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Happy Cottagers (The Cottage Door), George Morland

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Stagecoach, George Morland

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Virgin and Child; Man of Sorrows. Allegretto Nuzi

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Saint James Major. Antonio Orsini (Master of the Carminati Coronation)

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Saint John the Baptist. Antonio Orsini (Master of the Carminati Coronation)

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Adoration of the Magi. Bernard van Orley

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Peasants Drinking and Making Music, Adriaen van Ostade

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

River and Towpath, Alfred Parsons

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Colonel Lambert Cadwalader, Charles Willson Peale

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Hannah Lambert Cadwalader, Charles Willson Peale

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of John and Elizabeth Lloyd Cadwalader and Their Daughter Anne, Charles Willson Peale

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of John B. Bayard, Charles Willson Peale

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Martha Cadwalader Dagworthy, Charles Willson Peale

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Mrs. John B. Bayard, Charles Willson Peale

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Rachel Weeping, Charles Willson Peale

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Staircase Group (Portrait of Raphaelle Peale and Titian Ramsey Peale), Charles Willson Peale

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Blond Boy with Primer, Peach, and Dog, Ammi Phillips

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Musical Group, Callisto Piazza

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Afternoon Sunshine, Pont Neuf, Camille Pissarro

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Fair on a Sunny Afternoon, Dieppe, Camille Pissarro

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

L'Ile Lacroix, Rouen (The Effect of Fog), Camille Pissarro

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Quai Napoleon, Rouen, Camille Pissarro

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Summer Landscape, Eragny, Camille Pissarro

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Field and the Great Walnut Tree in Winter, Eragny, Camille Pissarro

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Vegetable Garden, Overcast Morning, Eragny, Camille Pissarro

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Birth of Venus, Nicolas Poussin

Museum of Art, Philadelphia
The triumph of Neptune ( The Bacchanal Richelieu), Nicolas Poussin

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Chilly Observation, Charles Sidney Raleigh

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Pyrenees. Henri Regnault

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Battle of Fredericksburg, December 13, 1862. Carl Rochling

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Emma Hart as Miranda [later Lady Hamilton]. George Romney

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of John Wesley. George Romney

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Lady Grantham. George Romney

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Marianne Holbech. George Romney

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Mr. Adye's Children (The Willett Children). George Romney

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Shepherd Girl (Little Bo-Peep). George Romney

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Lamentation. Cosimo Rosselli

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Carnival Evening. Henri-Julien-Felix Rousseau

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Landscape with Cattle. Henri-Julien-Felix Rousseau

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Still Life with Flowers. Henri-Julien-Felix Rousseau

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Merry Jesters. Henri-Julien-Felix Rousseau

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Village Street. Henri-Julien-Felix Rousseau

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Young Girl in Pink. Henri-Julien-Felix Rousseau

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Prometheus Bound, Peter Paul Rubens

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Bleaching Fields to the North-Northeast of Haarlem, Jacob Isaacksz. van Ruisdael

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Dunes, Jacob Isaacksz. van Ruisdael

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Entrance Gate of the Castle of Brederode, Jacob Isaacksz. van Ruisdael

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Landscape with a Waterfall, Jacob Isaacksz. van Ruisdael

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Hubert and Arthur, Christian Schussele

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Reconciliation of the Romans and Sabines, Jacopo da Sellaio

In The Luxembourg Gardens

In The Luxembourg Gardens, John Singer Sargent

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Banks of the Loing River, Alfred Sisley

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Bridge at Moret-sur-Loing, Alfred Sisley

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Landscape (Spring at Bougival) , Alfred Sisley

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Bridge at Saint-Mammes , Alfred Sisley

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Canal at Saint-Mammes, Alfred Sisley

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Seine at Billancourt, Alfred Sisley

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Christ Bound and Crowned with Thorns, Andrea Solario

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Virgin and Child, with a Bird and a Cat, Giovanni Martino Spanzotti

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Prayer before the Meal, Jan Steen

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Landscape with an Inn and Skittles, Jan Steen

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Moses Striking the Rock, Jan Steen

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Rhetoricians at a Window, Jan Steen

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Doctor's Visit, Jan Steen

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Tavern Scene with a Pregnant Hostess, Jan Steen

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The May Queen, Jan Steen

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

As the Old Ones Sing, So the Young Ones Pipe, Jan Steen

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Departing for the Promenade Will You Go Out with Me, Fido, Alfred Émile Léopold Stevens

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Scholar, Abraham van Strij

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of David Montague, 2nd Baron Erskine , Gilbert Charles Stuart

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Dean Christopher Bertson , Gilbert Charles Stuart

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Frances Cadwalader Montagu, Lady Erskine , Gilbert Charles Stuart

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Mrs. Christopher Bertson , Gilbert Charles Stuart

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Hound Coursing a Stag, George Stubbs

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Laborers Loading a Brick Cart, George Stubbs

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Officer Writing a Letter, with a Trumpeter, Gerard ter Borch the younger

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Water Mill, Frits Thaulow

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Saint Roch, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Sketch for The Glory of Saint Dominicó, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Sketch for Venus and Vulcanus, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Baptism of Christ and the Martyrdom of Saint James the Great, Giovanni Toscani

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Christ Among the Doctors, Giovanni Toscani

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Presentation of Christ in the Temple, Giovanni Toscani

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Ball at the Moulin Rouge, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Carriage, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Follette, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Museum of Art, Philadelphia
The Burning of the Houses of Parliament, Joseph Mallord William Turner

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Leashed Hounds, Constant Troyon

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Villa at Caprarola, Claude-Joseph Vernet

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of Anthony Reyniers and His Family, Cornelis de Vos

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Street, Jacob Vrel

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Portrait of George Washington, Adolf Ulrik Wertmüller

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Arrangement in Black (The Lady in the Yellow Buskin), James Abbott McNeill Whistler

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Nocturne, James Abbott McNeill Whistler

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Note in Red: The Siesta, James Abbott McNeill Whistler

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Lady of the Lang Lijsen, James Abbott McNeill Whistler

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Home of George Washington, "The Father of His Country". J. Wiess

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Stonemason Resting, Gerrit van Zegelaar

Museum of Art, Philadelphia

The Annunciation, Francisco de Zurbaran

The Philadelphia Museum of Art is among the largest art museums in the United States.[2][3] It has collections of more than 227,000 objects that include "world-class holdings of European and American paintings, prints, drawings, and decorative arts".[4] The Main Building is visited by more than 800,000 people annually, and is located at the west end of Philadelphia's Benjamin Franklin Parkway.

Other museum sites include the Rodin Museum, also located on the Benjamin Franklin Parkway; the Ruth and Raymond G. Perelman Building, across the street from the Main Building; and historic houses in Fairmount Park. The Perelman Building opened in 2007, and houses some of the more popular collections, as well as the Museum's library, with over 200,000 books and periodicals, and 1.6 million other documents.[5]

The museum is closed on Mondays, and the basic entrance price is $20, with various concessions.[6] The museum holds a total of about 25 special exhibitions every year, including touring exhibitions arranged with other museums in the United States and abroad. Some have an extra charge for entrance.[7]
History

Philadelphia celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence with the 1876 Centennial Exhibition, America's first World's Fair. Its art building, Memorial Hall, was intended to outlast the Exhibition and house a permanent museum. Following the example of London's South Kensington Museum, the new museum was to focus on applied art and science, and provide a school to train craftsmen in drawing, painting, modeling, and designing.[8]

The Pennsylvania Museum and School of Industrial Art opened on May 10, 1877. Its permanent collection began with objects from the Exhibition and gifts from the public impressed with the Exhibition's ideals of good design and craftsmanship. European and Japanese fine and decorative art objects and books for the Museum's library were among the first donations. The location outside of Center City, however, was fairly distant from many of the city's inhabitants.[9] Admission was charged until 1881, then was dropped until 1962.[10]

Starting in 1882, Clara Jessup Moore donated a remarkable collection of antique furniture, enamels, carved ivory, jewelry, metalwork, glass, ceramics, books, textiles and paintings. The Countess de Brazza's lace collection was acquired in 1894 forming the nucleus of the lace collection. In 1893 Anna H. Wilstach bequeathed a large painting collection, including many American paintings, and an endowment of half a million dollars for additional purchases. Works by James Abbott McNeill Whistler and George Inness were purchased within a few years and Henry Ossawa Tanner's The Annunciation was bought in 1899.[10]

In the early 1900s, the Museum started an education program for the general public, as well as a membership program. Fiske Kimball was the museum director during the rapid growth of the 1920s, which included one million visitors in the new building's first year. After World War II the collections grew with gifts, such as the John D. McIlhenny and George Grey Barnard collections.

Early modern art dominated the growth of the collections in the 1950s, with acquisitions of the Louise and Walter Arensberg and the A.E. Gallatin collections. The gift of Philadelphian Grace Kelly's wedding dress is perhaps the best known gift of the 1950s.[11]

Extensive renovation of the building lasted from the 1960s through 1976. Major acquisitions included the Carroll S. Tyson, Jr. and Samuel S. White III and Vera White collections, 71 objects from designer Elsa Schiaparelli, and Marcel Duchamp's Étant donnés. In 1976 there were celebrations and special exhibitions for the centennial of the Museum and the bicentennial of the nation. During the last three decades major acquisitions have included After the Bath by Edgar Degas and Fifty Days at Iliam by Cy Twombly.[11]
Main Building
"Plan for the Fairmount Parkway" (1917), by Jacques Gréber.
The western pediment features polychrome sculpture by Jennewein

The City Council of Philadelphia funded a competition in 1895 to design a new museum building,[10] but it was not until 1907 that plans were first made to construct it on Fairmount, a rocky hill topped by the city's main reservoir. The Fairmount Parkway (renamed Benjamin Franklin Parkway), a grand boulevard that cut diagonally across the grid of city streets, was designed to terminate at the foot of the hill. But there were conflicting views about whether to erect a single museum building, or a number of buildings to house individual collections. The architectural firms of Horace Trumbauer and Zantzinger, Borie and Medary collaborated for more than a decade to resolve these issues. The final design is mostly credited to two architects in Trumbauer's firm: Howell Lewis Shay for the building's plan and massing, and Julian Abele for the detail work and perspective drawings.[12]

Construction of the Main Building began in 1919, when Mayor Thomas B. Smith laid the cornerstone in a Masonic ceremony. Because of shortages caused by World War I and other delays, the new building was not completed until 1928.[11] The facade and columns are made of Minnesota dolomite.

The wings were built first, which helped assure funding for the completion of the design.

The building's eight pediments were intended to be adorned with sculpture groups. The only pediment that has been completed, "Western Civilization" (1933) by C. Paul Jennewein, features his polychrome sculptures of painted terra-cotta figures, depicting Greek deities and mythological figures. It was completed in 1933 and garnered much praise when it was unveiled.

The building is also adorned by a collection of bronze griffins, which were adopted as the symbol of the museum in the 1970s.[9]

The Main Building was once derided as the "Great Greek garage", but now is fondly nicknamed the "Parthenon on the Parkway".
Collections
See also: List of artists in the Philadelphia Museum of Art handbook of the collections
Henry Ossawa Tanner's Annunciation, acquired in 1899
Pablo Picasso, 1921, Nous autres musiciens (Three Musicians), oil on canvas, 204.5 x 188.3 cm

The Museum houses more than 227,000 objects showing the creative achievements of the Western world since the first century CE and those of Asia since the third millennium BCE.[13] Though the Museum houses over 200 galleries spanning 2,000 years,[5] it does not have any galleries devoted to Egyptian, Roman, or Pre-Columbian art. This is because a partnership between the Museum and the University of Pennsylvania had been enacted early in the Museum's history. The University loaned the Museum its collection of Chinese porcelain, and the Museum loaned a majority of its Roman, Pre-Columbian, and Egyptian pieces to the University. However, the Museum keeps a few important pieces for special exhibitions.

Highlights of the Asian collections include paintings and sculpture from China, Japan, and India; furniture and decorative arts, including major collections of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean ceramics; a large and distinguished group of Persian and Turkish carpets; and rare and authentic architectural assemblages such as a Chinese palace hall, a Japanese teahouse, and a sixteenth-century Indian temple hall.[4]


The European collections, dating from the medieval era to the present, encompass Italian and Flemish early-Renaissance masterworks; strong representations of later European paintings, including French Impressionism and Post-Impressionism; sculpture, with a special concentration in the works of Auguste Rodin; decorative arts; tapestries; furniture; the second-largest collection of arms and armor in the United States; and period rooms and architectural settings ranging from the facade of a medieval church in Burgundy to a superbly decorated English drawing room by Robert Adam.[4]

The museum's American collections, surveying three centuries of painting, sculpture, and decorative arts, are among the finest in the United States, with outstanding strengths in 18th- and 19th-century Philadelphia furniture and silver, Pennsylvania German art, rural Pennsylvania furniture and ceramics, and the paintings of Thomas Eakins. The museum houses the most important Eakins collection in the world.[4]

Modern artwork includes works by Pablo Picasso, Jean Metzinger, Antonio Rotta, Albert Gleizes, Marcel Duchamp, Salvador Dalí and Constantin Brâncuși, as well as American modernists. The expanding collection of contemporary art includes major works by Cy Twombly, Jasper Johns, and Sol LeWitt, among many others.[4]

The museum houses encyclopedic holdings of costume and textiles, as well as prints, drawings, and photographs that are displayed in rotation for reasons of preservation.[4]
The Carl Otto Kretzschmar von Kienbusch Collection
Set of half-armor, Milan, Italy, ca.1600.

The museum also houses the armor collection of Carl Otto Kretzschmar von Kienbusch. The Von Kienbusch collection was bequeathed by the celebrated collector to the museum in 1976, the Bicentennial Anniversary of the American Revolution. The Von Kienbusch holdings are comprehensive and include European and Southwest Asian arms and armor spanning several centuries.[14]

On May 30, 2000, the museum and the State Art Collections in Dresden, Germany (Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden), announced an agreement for the return of five pieces of armor stolen from Dresden during World War II.[15] In 1953, Von Kienbusch had unsuspectingly purchased the armor, which was part of his 1976 bequest. Von Kienbusch published catalogs of his collection, which eventually led Dresden authorities to bring the matter up with the museum.[16][17]
Special exhibitions
Surreal entrance display for the 2005 Salvador Dalí exhibition, including the steps of the museum

Each year the Museum puts on 25 or more special exhibitions. Some of the larger and more famous special exhibitions, which have attracted hundreds of thousands of people from every state and around the world, include shows featuring Paul Cézanne (in 1996, attracting 548,000, and 2009) and Salvador Dalí (in 2005, attracting 370,000).


Gallery expansion
The rear entrance covered during construction in 2008

Due to high attendance and overflowing collections, the Museum announced in October 2006 that Frank Gehry would design a building expansion. The 80,000-square-foot (7,400 m2) gallery will be built entirely underground behind the "Rocky Steps" and will not alter any of the museum's existing Greek revival facade. The construction is projected to last a decade and cost $500 million. It will increase the museum's available display space by sixty percent and house mostly contemporary sculpture, Asian art, and special exhibitions.[2][18]

Uncertainty was cast on the plans by the 2008 death of Anne d'Harnoncourt, but new director Timothy Rub, who had initiated a 350-million dollar expansion at the Cleveland Museum of Art, will be carrying out the plans as scheduled. In 2010, Gehry attended the groundbreaking for the second phase of the expansion, due to be completed in 2012. In this phase, a ground level entrance that had been replaced by a loading dock will be reclaimed, and will lead to a 500-foot-long arcaded hallway. Construction of the main new galleries will start after the completion of the second phase. Said Gehry: "When it's done, people coming to this museum will have an experience that's as big as Bilbao. It won't be apparent from the outside, but it will knock their socks off inside."[18][19]

The most controversial part of the Gehry design remains a proposed window and amphitheater to be cut into the "Rocky" steps.[20] Others have criticized the design as too tame.[21] The Gehry expansion is projected to be completed by 2028.[22]
Relationship to Philadelphia
The British poster for Rocky, showing Rocky at the top of the Rocky Steps.

Besides being known for its architecture and collections, the Philadelphia Museum of Art has in recent decades become known due to the role it played in the Rocky films – Rocky (1976) and four of its five sequels, II, III, V and Rocky Balboa. Visitors to the museum are often seen mimicking Rocky Balboa (Sylvester Stallone)'s famous run up the front steps, now known widely as the "Rocky Steps".[23] Screen Junkies named the "Rocky Steps" at the Philadelphia Museum of Art as the second most famous movie location behind only Grand Central Station in New York.[24]
Live 8 At the Philadelphia Museum of Art. July 2, 2005

A bronze statue of Rocky was briefly placed at the top of the steps for the filming of Rocky III and later moved to the Spectrum after Stallone donated the statue to the city of Philadelphia. The statue was returned to the steps for the film Rocky V, and also appears in the movies Philadelphia and Mannequin. On September 8, 2006, a ceremony marked its relocation to the foot of the steps in the gardens adjacent to Eakins Oval prior to the demolition of the Spectrum.[25]

Because of its location at the end of the Franklin Parkway, the museum provides the backdrop for many public events, including concerts and parades. On July 2, 2005, the steps of the museum played host to the Philadelphia venue of Live 8, where artists such as Dave Matthews Band, Linkin Park and Maroon 5 performed. The museum closed for Live 8, but reopened at regular hours the following day. The Philadelphia Freedom Concert was held two days later, with a Ball beforehand at the museum.

See also

3rd Sculpture International
Eakins Oval
List of most visited art museums in the world

References

Top 100 Art Museum Attendance, The Art Newspaper, 2014. Retrieved on 8 July 2014.
Pogrebin, Robin (October 19, 2006). "Philadelphia Museum Job Sends Gehry Underground". New York Times.
Main Web page, Philadelphia Museum of Art, accessed April 26, 2007
"Museum Collections" web page, at web site for The Philadelphia Museum of Art, accessed May 10, 2012
"Philadelphia Museum of Art: About". ARTINFO. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-29.[dead link]
PMA website Visitor information, accessed September 18, 2012
PMA website "Current Exhibitions"
"Centennial Origins: 1874–1876". History. Philadelphia Museum of Art. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
"Philadelphia Museum of Art :: Benjamin Franklin Parkway, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States". Glass Steel and Stone. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
"The Early Decades: 1877–1900". History. Philaref
"Museum History". History. Philadelphia Museum of Art. Retrieved May 22, 2012.
David B. Brownlee, Making a Modern Classic: The Architecture of the Philadelphia Museum of Art (Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1997), pp. 60–61, 72–73.
PMA website "Collections", accessed, May 10, 2012
"Philadelphia Museum of Art - Information : Press Room : Press Releases : 2004". Philamuseum.org. 2004-09-27. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
"PMA press release". Philamuseum.org. 1999-12-16. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
Carl Otto Kretzschmar von Kienbusch and the Collecting of Arms and Armor in America, Donald J. LaRocca, Philadelphia Museum of Art Bulletin, Vol. 81, No. 345, Kienbusch Centennial (Winter, 1985), pp. 2+4-24, doi:10.2307/3795448
Armor Collection at DictionaryofArtHistorians.org.
PMA web site "Master Plan", accessed, May 10, 2012
Associated Press (November 22, 2011). "Philly museum starts Gehry expansion". USA TODAY. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
Gehry architectural model, from Philadelphia Magazine, June 26, 2014.
Heller: "If you're going to hire Gehry, Let's do Gehry," Philadelphia Magazine, August 11, 2014.
Gehry section through museum, Philadelphia Magazine, July 2, 2014.
The Rocky Statue and the Rocky Steps visitphilly.com, accessed June 17, 2011.
10 Most Famous Movie Locations Screen Junkies
[1][dead link]

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