Palazzo Pitti, Florence
Diana and Callisto, Pietro Paolo Bonzi
Portrait of a young woman, Sandro Botticelli
Narcissus, Francesco Curradi
Moses, Carlo Dolci
Portrait of Vittoria della Rovere in Widow's Weeds, Carlo Dolci
Mary Magdalene, Carlo Dolci
Portrait of Ainolfo de' Bardi, Carlo Dolci
Portrait of Cardinal Bentivoglio, Anthony van Dyck
Bitch, Giovanna Garzoni
Ecstasy of St Margaret of Cortona, Giovanni Lanfranco
Mary with the Child, Tondo, Fra Filippo Lippi
Still-life, Giovanni Martinelli
Madonna, Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
Virgin and Child with rosary , Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
River Landscape, Filippo Napoletano
Seller of Snails, Filippo Napoletano
Two Shells, Filippo Napoletano
Madonna of the Sacco, Pietro Perugino
Profile portrait of a man (Francesco da Castiglione ? ), Jacopo Pontormo
Adoration of the Magi, Jacopo Pontormo
Mary Magdalen, Domenico Puligo
Portrait of a Boy, Domenico Puligo
Vision of St. Ezekiel, Prophet, Raphael
Portrait of Pope Julius II, Raphael
Portrait of a Woman (La Velata ), Raphael
Portrait of Angelo Doni, Raphael
Madonna della Seggiola, Raphael
Madonna del Granduca, Raphael
Caritas, Oval, Guido Reni
Martyrdom of St. Bartholomew, José de Ribera
St. Francis of Assisi, José de Ribera
Palazzo Pitti : Diana and Callisto, Sebastiano Ricci
Palazzo Pitti : Venus and Adonis, Sebastiano Ricci
Palazzo Pitti : Coat of arms of the Medici, Sebastiano Ricci
Return of the farmers from the field, Peter Paul Rubens
The Consequences of War , Peter Paul Rubens
Four Philosophers , Peter Paul Rubens
The young John, Andrea del Sarto
Dispute about the Trinity, Andrea del Sarto
Annunciation, Andrea del Sarto
Martyrdom of St. Agatha, Sebastiano del Piombo
Satyr Dance, Cornelis van Poelenburgh
Roman Ruins, Cornelis van Poelenburgh
The concert, Titian
Portrait of Pietro Aretino, Titian
Portrait of Vincenzo Mosti, Titian
La Bella, Titian
Penitent Mary Magdalene, Titian
Prince Leopoldo de' Medici in a Cradle, Tiberio di Tito
Portrait of a Dog, Tiberio di Tito
Portrait of Daniele Barbaro, Paolo Veronese
The Palatine Gallery, the main gallery of Palazzo Pitti, contains a large ensemble of over 500 principally Renaissance paintings, which were once part of the Medicis' and their successors' private art collection. The gallery, which overflows into the royal apartments, contains works by Raphael, Titian, Perugino (Lamentation over the Dead Christ), Correggio, Peter Paul Rubens, and Pietro da Cortona. The character of the gallery is still that of a private collection, and the works of art are displayed and hung much as they would have been in the grand rooms for which they were intended rather than following a chronological sequence, or arranged according to school of art.
The finest rooms were decorated by Pietro da Cortona in the high baroque style. Initially Cortona frescoed a small room on the piano nobile called the Sala della Stufa with a series depicting the Four Ages of Man which were very well received; the Age of Gold and Age of Silver were painted in 1637, followed in 1641 by the Age of Bronze and Age of Iron. They are regarded among his masterpieces. The artist was subsequently asked to fresco the grand ducal reception rooms; a suite of five rooms at the front of the palazzo. In these five Planetary Rooms, the hierarchical sequence of the deities is based on Ptolomeic cosmology; Venus, Apollo, Mars, Jupiter (the Medici Throne room) and Saturn, but minus Mercury and the Moon which should have come before Venus. These highly ornate ceilings with frescoes and elaborate stucco work essentially celebrate the Medici lineage and the bestowal of virtuous leadership. Cortona left Florence in 1647, and his pupil and collaborator, Ciro Ferri, completed the cycle by the 1660s. They were to inspire the later Planet Rooms at Louis XIV's Versailles, designed by Le Brun.
The collection was first
opened to the public in the late 18th century, albeit rather
reluctantly, by Grand Duke Leopold, Tuscany's first enlightened ruler,
keen to obtain popularity after the demise of the Medici.
Rooms of Palatine Gallery
The Palatine Gallery has 28 rooms, among them:
Room of Castagnoli: named after the painter of the ceiling frescoes. In this room are exposed Portraits of the Medici and Lorraine ruling families, and the Table of the Muses, a masterwork of stone-inlaid table realized by the Opificio delle Pietre Dure between 1837 and 1851.
Room of the Ark: contains a painting by Giovan Battista Caracciolo (17th century). In 1816, the ceiling was frescoed by Luigi Ademollo with Noah entering Jerusalem with the Ark.
Room of Psyche: was named after ceiling frescoes by Giuseppe Collignon; it contains paintings by Salvator Rosa from 1640–1650.
Hall of Poccetti: The frescoes on the vault were once ascribed to Bernardino Poccetti, but now attributed to Matteo Rosselli. In the center of the hall is a table (1716) commissioned by Cosimo III. In the hall are also some works by Rubens and Pontormo.
Room of Prometheus: was named after the subject of the frescoes by Giuseppe Collignon (19th century) and contains a large collection of round-shaped paintings: among them is the Madonna with the Child by Filippino Lippi (15th century), two portraits by Botticelli and paintings by Pontormo and Domenico Beccafumi.
Room of Justice: has a ceiling frescoed by Antonio Fedi (1771–1843), and displays portraits (16th century) by Titian, Tintoretto and Paolo Veronese.
Room of Ulysses: was frescoed in 1815 by Gaspare Martellini, it contains early works by Filippino Lippi and Raphael.
Room of Iliad: contains the Madonna of the Family Panciatichi and the Madonna Passerini (both circa 1520) by Andrea del Sarto, and paintings by Artemisia Gentileschi (17th Century).
Room of Saturn: contains a Portrait of Agnolo Doni (1506), the Madonna of the chair(1516), and Portrait of Cardinal Inghirami (1516) by Raphael; it also contains an Annunciation(1528) by Andrea del Sarto, and Jesus and the Evangelists (1516) by Fra Bartolomeo.
Room of Jupiter: contains the Veiled Lady, the famous portrait by Raphael (1516) that, according to Vasari, represents the woman loved by the artist. Among the other works in the room, Paintings by Rubens, Andrea del Sarto and Perugino.
Room of Mars: is characterized by works by Rubens: the allegories representing the Consequences of War (hence the name of the room) and the Four Philosophers (among them Rubens portrayed himself, on the left). On the vault is a fresco by Pietro da Cortona, Triumph of the Medici.
Room of Apollo: contains a Madonna with Saints (1522) by Il Rosso, originally from the Church of Santo Spirito, and two paintings by Titian: a Magdalen and Portrait of an English Nobleman (between 1530 and 1540).
Room of Venus: contains the Venere Italica (1810) by Canova commissioned by Napoleon. On the walls are landscapes (1640–50) by Salvator Rosa and four paintings by Titian, 1510–1545. Among the Titian paintings is a Portrait of Pope Julius II (1545) and La Bella (1535).
White Hall: once the ball room of the palace, is characterized by the white decorations and is often used for temporary exhibitions.
The Royal Apartments include 14 rooms. Their decoration has been changed to Empire style by the Savoy, but there are still some rooms maintaining decorations and furniture from the age of the Medici.
The Green Room, was frescoed by Giuseppe Castagnoli in early 19th Century. It exhibits an Intarsia Cabinet from the 17th century and a Collection of Gilded Bronzes; the Throne Room was decorated for King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoy and is characterized by the red brocate on the walls and by the Japanese and Chinese Vases (17th-18th century).
The Blue Room contains collected Furniture (17th-18th century) and the Portraits of members of the Medici Family painted by Justus Sustermans (1597–1681).
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