- Art Gallery -

 

Musée d'Orsay, Paris

Harvest by the Sea, Emile Bernard

Ploughing in Nevers, Rosa Bonheur

Moles of Deauville, Eugène Boudin

Sailing Boats at Argenteuil , Gustave Caillebotte

The Floor Scrapers, Gustave Caillebotte

Fisherman, Adolphe-Felix Cals

Luncheon at Honfleur, Adolphe-Felix Cals

Woman and Child in the Orchard, Adolphe-Felix Cals

Sunset Honfleur, Adolphe-Felix Cals


Still life with green container and tin kettles, Paul Cézanne


Still life with soup tureen, Paul Cézanne


Still life with onions, Paul Cézanne


Still Life with Fruit Basket, Paul Cézanne


La roche de dix heures ( at Ornans ), Gustave Courbet


Deer reserve by the stream of Plaisir -Fontaine , detail, Gustave Courbet

Self-portrait, Gustave Courbet

Burial at Ornans, Gustave Courbet


The Absinthe, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas


Dancers, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas


Dancer, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas

End of the Arabesque, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas


Woman in the tub , her back washing, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas


Seated Woman, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas


Self-portrait, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas


Portrait of a young woman, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas


Hand study, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas


Rehearsal of the ballet on stage, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas


Portrait of the Bellelli Family, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas


Riders before the start, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas


The Prima Ballerina, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas


The Dance Class, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas


Two ironing women, Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas

The Dream, Édouard Detaille

Portrait of Louis Pasteur, Albert Gustav Aristides Edelfelt


Vairumati, Paul Gauguin


Still Life with Mandolin, Paul Gauguin

The Market ( Ta matete ), Paul Gauguin

The white horse, Paul Gauguin

The David - mill in Pont -Aven, Paul Gauguin

The Meal ( Still life with bananas), Paul Gauguin

The washerwomen of Pont- Aven, Paul Gauguin

Women on the beach, Paul Gauguin

La belle Angèle, Paul Gauguin

Les Alyscamps Paul Gauguin


Still Life with imperial crowns in a bronze vase, Vincent Willem van Gogh

The Restaurant de la Sirene at Asnieres, Vincent Willem van Gogh


The Source, Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres

Rue de l'Abbé-de-l'Épée and the Église Saint-Jacques-du-Haut-Pas in Paris, Johan Barthold Jongkind

At the beach, Edouard Manet

Reading (La Lecture ), Edouard Manet


The balcony, Edouard Manet


The guitarist Pagans and Monsieur Degas, Edouard Manet


The Piper, Edouard Manet


Breakfast, Edouard Manet


Portrait of Madame Manet on a blue sofa, Edouard Manet


Portrait of Lola de Valence, Edouard Manet


Olympia, Edouard Manet


Portrait of Emile Zola, Edouard Manet

Flowering Garden at Sainte-Adresse, Claude Monet

Bridge at Argenteuil, Claude Monet


The Hotel » Des Roches Noires " in Trouville, Claude Monet

The Parliament in London, Claude Monet


The stream of Robec, Claude Monet


Tulips from Holland, Claude Monet


Regatta at Argenteuil, Claude Monet


Poppies, Claude Monet


Women in the Garden, Claude Monet

Trees and Garden Wall in Åsgårdstrand, Edvard Munch

Houses on the Banks of the Oise, Jean-François Raffaëlli

Waiting Wedding Guests, Jean-François Raffaëlli

On the swing, Pierre-Auguste Renoir


Gabrielle with Rose, Pierre-Auguste Renoir


Two Girls at the Piano, Pierre-Auguste Renoir


Meadow, Pierre-Auguste Renoir


Seine at Argenteuil, Pierre-Auguste Renoir


Railway bridge of Chatou, Pierre-Auguste Renoir


La Carmencita, John Singer Sargent

Boats at Bougival, Alfred Sisley

View of the Canal Saint -Martin in Paris, Alfred Sisley

What Is Known as Vagrancy, Alfred Stevens

Family Scene, Alfred Stevens


Two girls in bed, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec


Portrait of Justine Dieuhl in the garden, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Ball at the Moulin Rouge, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Gabrielle Vallotton doing her nails, Felix Vallotton

The Poker Game, Felix Vallotton

The Artist's Mother, James Abbott McNeill Whistler

The Musée d'Orsay (French pronunciation: ​[myze dɔʁsɛ]) is a museum in Paris, France, on the left bank of the Seine. It is housed in the former Gare d'Orsay, a Beaux-Arts railway station built between 1898 and 1900. The museum holds mainly French art dating from 1848 to 1915, including paintings, sculptures, furniture, and photography. It houses the largest collection of impressionist and post-impressionist masterpieces in the world, by painters including Monet, Manet, Degas, Renoir, Cézanne, Seurat, Sisley, Gauguin and Van Gogh. Many of these works were held at the Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume prior to the museum's opening in 1986.

History
The Musée d'Orsay as seen from the Passerelle Léopold-Sédar-Senghor
Musée d'Orsay Clock, Victor Laloux, Main Hall
The interior of the museum.

The museum building was originally a railway station, Gare d'Orsay, constructed for the Chemin de Fer de Paris à Orléans and finished in time for the 1900 Exposition Universelle to the design of three architects: Lucien Magne, Émile Bénard and Victor Laloux. It was the terminus for the railways of southwestern France until 1939.

By 1939 the station's short platforms had become unsuitable for the longer trains that had come to be used for mainline services. After 1939 it was used for suburban services and part of it became a mailing centre during World War II. It was then used as a set for several films, such as Kafka's The Trial adapted by Orson Welles, and as a haven for the Renaud–Barrault Theatre Company and for auctioneers, while the Hôtel Drouot was being rebuilt.

In 1970, permission was granted to demolish the station but Jacques Duhamel, Minister for Cultural Affairs, ruled against plans to build a new hotel in its stead. The station was put on the supplementary list of Historic Monuments and finally listed in 1978. The suggestion to turn the station into a museum came from the Directorate of the Museums of France. The idea was to build a museum that would bridge the gap between the Louvre and the National Museum of Modern Art at the Georges Pompidou Centre. The plan was accepted by Georges Pompidou and a study was commissioned in 1974. In 1978, a competition was organized to design the new museum. ACT Architecture, a team of three young architects (Pierre Colboc, Renaud Bardon and Jean-Paul Philippon), were awarded the contract which involved creating 20,000 sq. m. of new floorspace on four floors. The construction work was carried out by Bouygues.[3] In 1981, the Italian architect, Gae Aulenti was chosen to design the interior including the internal arrangement, decoration, furniture and fittings of the museum. Finally in July 1986, the museum was ready to receive its exhibits. It took 6 months to install the 2000 or so paintings, 600 sculptures and other works. The museum officially opened in December 1986 by then-president, François Mitterrand.
Orsay Museum, seen from the right bank of the Seine river

The square next to the museum displays six bronze allegorical sculptural groups in a row, originally produced for the Exposition Universelle (1878):

South America by Aimé Millet
Asia by Alexandre Falguière
Oceania by Mathurin Moreau
Europe by Alexandre Schoenewerk
North America by Ernest-Eugène Hiolle
Africa by Eugène Delaplanche

Collection

Paintings: major painters and works represented

Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres — 4 paintings (the main collection of his paintings is in the Louvre)
Eugène Delacroix — 5 paintings (the main collection of his paintings is in the Louvre)
Eugène Carrière — 86 paintings including The painting family, The sick child, Intimacy
Théodore Chassériau — 5 paintings (the main collection of his paintings is in the Louvre)
Gustave Courbet — 48 paintings including The Artist's Studio, A Burial at Ornans, Young Man Sitting, L'Origine du monde
Jean-François Millet — 27 paintings including Spring, The Gleaners
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot — 32 paintings (the main collection of his paintings is in the Louvre) including A Morning. The Dance of the Nymphs
Johan Barthold Jongkind — 9 paintings
Alexandre Cabanel — The Birth of Venus, The Death of Francesca da Rimini and Paolo Malatesta
Jean-Léon Gérôme — Portrait of the baroness Nathaniel de Rothschild, Reception of Condé in Versailles, La Comtesse de Keller
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes — Young Girls by the Seaside, The Young Mother also known as Charity, View on the Château de Versailles and the Orangerie
Gustave Moreau — 8 paintings
Honoré Daumier — 8 paintings
Eugène Boudin — 33 paintings including Trouville Beach
Camille Pissarro — 46 paintings including White Frost
Édouard Manet — 34 paintings including Olympia, The Balcony, Berthe Morisot With a Bouquet of Violets, The Luncheon on the Grass
Berthe Morisot — 9 paintings
Edgar Degas — 43 paintings including The Parade, also known as Race Horses in front of the Tribunes, The Bellelli Family, The Tub, Portrait of Édouard Manet, Portraits, At the Stock Exchange, L’Absinthe
Paul Cézanne — 56 paintings including Apples and Oranges
Claude Monet — 86 paintings (the main collection of his paintings is in the Musée Marmottan Monet) including The Saint-Lazare Station, The Rue Montorgueil in Paris. Celebration of June 30, 1878, Wind Effect, Series of The Poplars, Rouen Cathedral. Harmony in Blue, Blue Water Lilies
Alfred Sisley — 46 paintings including Inondation at Port-Marly
Armand Guillaumin — 44 paintings
Frédéric Bazille — 6 paintings
Mary Cassatt — 1 painting
Odilon Redon — 106 paintings including Caliban
Pierre-Auguste Renoir — 81 paintings including Bal au moulin de la Galette, Montmartre
Ferdinand Hodler — Der Holzfäller (The Woodcutter)
Gustave Caillebotte — 7 paintings including The Floor Scrapers
Édouard Detaille — The Dream
Vincent van Gogh — 24 paintings including Self Portrait, portrait of his friend Eugène Boch, The Siesta, The Church at Auvers, View from the Chevet, The Italian Woman, Starry Night Over the Rhone, Portrait of Dr. Gachet, Bedroom in Arles
Paul Gauguin — 24 paintings including Tahitian Women on the Beach
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec — 18 paintings
Eugène Jansson — Proletarian Lodgings
Henri-Edmond Cross — 10 paintings including The Cypresses in Cagnes
Paul Signac — 16 paintings including Women at the Well
Théo van Rysselberghe — 6 paintings
Félix Vallotton — Misia at Her Dressing Table
Georges Seurat — 19 paintings including The Circus
Édouard Vuillard — 70 paintings
Henri Rousseau — 3 paintings
Pierre Bonnard — 60 paintings including The Chequered Blouse
Paul Sérusier — The Talisman, the Aven River at the Bois d'Amour
Maurice Denis — Portrait of the Artist Aged Eighteen, Princess Maleine's Minuet or Marthe Playing the Piano, The Green Trees or Beech Trees in Kerduel, October Night (panel for the decoration of a girl's room)
André Derain — Charing Cross Bridge, also known as Westminster Bridge
Edvard Munch — 1 painting
Gustav Klimt — 1 painting
Piet Mondrian — 2 paintings
James McNeill Whistler — 3 paintings including Arrangement in Grey and Black: The Artist's Mother, also known as Whistler's Mother
William-Adolphe Bouguereau — 12 paintings including The Birth of Venus
Cecilia Beaux – Sita and Sarita (Jeune Fille au Chat)

Sculptures

Major sculptors includes François Rude, Jules Cavelier, Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, Auguste Rodin, Paul Gauguin, Camille Claudel, Sarah Bernhardt and Honoré Daumier.
Other works

It also holds collections of:

architecture and decorative arts
photography


Management

The Directors have been:

Françoise Cachin: 1986–1994
Henri Loyrette: 1994–2001
Serge Lemoine: 2001–2008
Guy Cogeval: March 2008–present

See also
Portal icon Paris portal

List of museums in Paris
Gare d'Orsay The former railway station
Musée d'Orsay (Paris RER) The RER station now serving the museum.
"Vincent and the Doctor" A 2010 episode of Doctor Who featuring three visits to the museum.
The works of Paul Dubois- French sculptor

References

"Musée d'Orsay: About". ARTINFO. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
"Exhibition and museum attendance figures 2009" (PDF). London: The Art Newspaper. April 2010. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
"Bouygues website: Musée d'Orsay". Bouygues.com. Retrieved 2012-06-20.

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