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Mortimer Luddington Menpes (22 February 1855 – 1 April 1938), was an Australian-born artist, author, printmaker and illustrator.


Menpes was born in Port Adelaide, South Australia, the second son of property developer James Menpes, who with his wife Ann arrived in South Australia from London on the Moffatt in December 1839.

Educated at Adelaide Educational Institution, he attended classes at Adelaide's School of Design, and did some excellent work as a photo-colourist,[1] but his formal art training began at the School of Art in London in 1878, after his family had moved back to England in 1875. Edward Poynter was a fellow student at the school. Menpes first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1880, and, over the following 20 years, 35 of his paintings and etchings were shown at the Academy.

Menpes set off on a sketching tour of Brittany in 1880, during which he met James McNeill Whistler. He became Whistler's pupil, and at one stage shared a flat with him at Cheyne Walk on the Chelsea Embankment in London. He was taught etching by Whistler, whose influence, together with that of Japanese design, is evident in his later work. Menpes became a major figure in the etching revival, producing more than seven hundred different etchings and drypoints, which he usually printed himself. As early as 1880, a selection of ten of his drypoint portraits, donated to the British Museum by Charles A. Howell, brought him critical acclaim.[2] [3]

A visit to Japan in 1887 led to his first one-man exhibition at Dowdeswell's Gallery[4] in London. Menpes moved into a property at 25 Cadogan Gardens, Sloane Square, designed for him by A. H. Mackmurdo in 1888 and decorated it in the Japanese style. Whistler and Menpes quarrelled in 1888 over the interior design of the house, which Whistler felt was a brazen copying of his own ideas. The house was sold in 1900, and Menpes moved to Kent.[5][6]

In 1900, after the outbreak of the Boer War, Menpes was sent to South Africa as a war artist for the weekly illustrated magazine Black and White.[7] After the end of the war in 1902 he travelled widely, visiting Burma, Egypt, France, India, Italy, Japan, Kashmir, Mexico, Morocco, and Spain. Many of his illustrations were published in travel books by A & C Black. His book on the Delhi Durbar was an illustrated record of the commemoration in Delhi of the coronation of King Edward VII.

For the last 30 years of his life, Menpes retired to Iris Court, Pangbourne from where he managed his Purley-on-Thames business, "Menpes Fruit Farms". He built forty large greenhouses in which to grow carnations and eight cottages to accommodate the farm workers. He died in Pangbourne in 1938.

Menpes became a member of the Royal Society of Painter-Etchers and Engravers (RE) in 1881, Royal Society of British Artists (RBA) in 1885, Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours (RI) in 1897 and Royal Institute of Oil Painters (ROI) in 1899.

An exhibition of his work, The World of Mortimer Menpes: Painter, Etcher, Raconteur opened at the Art Gallery of South Australia on 14 June 2014.[8]

Menpes, his parents and three of his siblings moved to England in 1875, never to return to Australia. However five of Menpes' sisters remained in South Australia.[8]

In 1875, Menpes married fellow Australian Rosa Mary Grosse (d. 23 August 1936) in London. They had a son, Mortimer James (b. 1879) and two daughters, Rose Maud Goodwin and Dorothy Whistler.[9]

Menpes painted in both oil and watercolour. He developed a special form of colour etching, used to illustrate his books, and founded the Menpes Press of London and Watford. At the beginning of the twentieth century, Menpes travelled Europe, making copies of paintings by the old masters which he used as a basis for a series of prints published in 1905 and 1909. In 1911, Menpes donated 38 of the copies in oil to the Australian Government; these works have subsequently become part of the Pictures Collection at the National Library of Australia.[2]

Some pencil sketches by Menpes were published in the Adelaide Observer in 1903. They are portraits of Sir Charles Todd, Sir James Fergusson and the Rev. Canon Green;[10] Dean Marryat, Sir Anthony Musgrave and Dr. Schomburgk;[11] Charles Mann, Sir Arthur Blyth and William Townsend[12] Sir William Milne, Thomas Playford and George Stevenson, Jun.[13]
At Rochefort-en-Terre (from "Brittany")

Illustrated by Menpes

Menpes, Dorothy. Japan: a record in colour (A & C Black, 1901).
Menpes, Dorothy. The Durbar (London: A & C Black, 1903)
Menpes, Dorothy. World's Children (London: A & C Black, 1903).
Menpes, Dorothy. Venice (A & C Black, 1904).
Loti, Pierre. Madame Prune (A & C Black, 1905).
Menpes, Dorothy. Brittany (A & C Black, 1905).
Steel, Flora Annie. India (A & C Black, 1905).
Mitton, G. E. The Thames (A & C Black, 1906).
Blake, Sir H. A. China (A & C Black, 1909)
Menpes, Dorothy. Paris (A & C Black, 1909).
Finnemore, John. India (A & C Black, 1910).
Mitton, G. E. The people of India (A & C Black, 1910).
Blathwayt, R. Through life and round the world, being the story of my life (E.P. Dutton, 1917).
Finnemore, John. Home life in India (A & C Black, 1917)
Home, Gordon. France (A & C Black, 1918).

Written and illustrated by Menpes

War impressions, being a record in colour; (A & C Black, 1901).
Whistler as I knew him (A & C Black, 1904)
Rembrandt (A & C Black, 1905)
Henry Irving (A & C Black, 1906).
Gainsborough (A & C Black, 1909).
Lord Kitchener (A & C Black, 1915).
Lord Roberts (A & C Black, 1915).


"The Late Mr. Barrow". South Australian Register (Adelaide: National Library of Australia). 12 November 1874. p. 4. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
Tim Fisher. "The Great Masters, by Mortimer Menpes" (PDF). National Library of Australia. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
"Portrait of Charles A. Howell". British Museum. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
Opened by Walter Dowdeswell in New Bond Street, London from 1878–1912.
"Rosa Mary Menpes, 1855–1936". University of Glasgow. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
Historic England. "Details from image database (203569)". Images of England.
See Gooch, John. The Boer War: direction, experience, and image (Routledge, 2000) p. 233, for Menpes's views on military censorship.
The Mortimer Menpes story — forgotten work of SA's first star artist found The Advertiser, 29 May 2014. Accessed 30 May 2014.
Dorothy, who was Whistler's godchild, married a Mr. Flower and died in Minehead in July 1973 aged 89.
"Sketches by Mortimer Menpes". Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) (SA: National Library of Australia). 17 October 1903. p. 21. Retrieved 25 December 2015.
"Sketches by Mortimer Menpes". Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) (SA: National Library of Australia). 24 October 1903. p. 22. Retrieved 25 December 2015.
"Sketches by Mortimer Menpes". Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) (SA: National Library of Australia). 31 October 1903. p. 22. Retrieved 25 December 2015.

"Sketches by Mortimer Menpes". Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) (SA: National Library of Australia). 14 November 1903. p. 22. Retrieved 25 December 2015.

External links enpes.

"The Great Masters, by Mortimer Menpes". National Library of Australia. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
Tim Fisher. "The Great Masters, by Mortimer Menpes" (PDF). National Library of Australia. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
Menpes Donations National Library of Australia
‘Menpes, Mortimer Luddington (1855–1938)’, (by Michael Parkin. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 – accessed 2 January 2008)
The World of Mortimer Menpes at the Art Gallery of South Australia Radio National – Books and Arts Daily (4 September 2014)
Works by Mortimer Menpes at Project Gutenberg
Works by or about Mortimer Menpes at Internet Archive
Works by Dorothy Menpes at Project Gutenberg

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