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Max Liebermann

Paintings

The Garden to the West of Wannsee Print by Max Liebermann

The Garden to the West of Wannsee

On the Alster in Hamburg Print by Max Liebermann

On the Alster in Hamburg

Farmer and Cow Print by Max Liebermann

Farmer and Cow

Sailing Boats on Wannsee Lake Print by Max Liebermann

Sailing Boats on Wannsee Lake

Flower Shrubs in Wannsee Garden Print by Max Liebermann

Flower Shrubs in Wannsee Garden

Women Plucking Geese Print by Max Liebermann

Women Plucking Geese

Bathing Boys with Crab Fisherman Print by Max Liebermann

Bathing Boys with Crab Fisherman

Max Liebermann

Women Plucking Geese

Max Liebermann

The Orphanage at Amsterdam

Max Liebermann

Munich Beer Garden

Max Liebermann

The Flax Barn at Laren

Max Liebermann

Woman with Goats

Max Liebermann

In the Field

Max Liebermann

Stevenstift in Leiden

Max Liebermann

Boys Bathing

Max Liebermann

Country House at Hilversum

Max Liebermann

Man with Parrots

Max Liebermann

The Parrot Walk

Max Liebermann

De Oude Vinck Restaurant, Leiden

Max Liebermann

The Dunes at Noordwijk

Max Liebermann

The Beach at Nordwijk

Max Liebermann

At the Races

Self-Portrait

Max Liebermann

Evening at Uhlenhorster Fährhaus

Max Liebermann

Garden Restaurant on the Havel

Max Liebermann

Samson and Delilah

Max Liebermann

Legal scholar and liberal politician Albert Hänel

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Stehender Knabe am Strande

Max Liebermann

Butcher shop in Dordrecht

Max Liebermann

Potato Harvest

Max Liebermann

Portrait of Alfred von Berger

Max Liebermann

Swimmers (At the swimming bath)

Max Liebermann

Dutch sewing school

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Eva

Max Liebermann

Amsterdam Orphans in the Garden

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Beer-garden in Brannenburg

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Boy and Girl on the village road

Max Liebermann

Street in Scheveningen

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Portrait of Dr. Max Linde

Max Liebermann

Portrait of the Painter Lovis Corinth

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Portrait of zoologist Hermann Strebel

Max Liebermann

Carl Duisberg (1909)

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

On the Way to School in Edam

Max Liebermann

The Ropewalk in Edam

Max Liebermann

The Ropewalk in Edam – Study, 1904

Max Liebermann

Jewish Quarter in Amsterdam

Max Liebermann

Bathing Boys

Max Liebermann

After Bathing

Max Liebermann

Rider on the Beach

Max Liebermann

Boys bathing with beach warden

Max Liebermann

Bathing Boys

Max Liebermann

Landscape near Noordwijk

Max Liebermann

Horseman on the beach to the left

Max Liebermann

Portrait of Eugen Gutmann

Max Liebermann

Dune in Noordwijk with child

Max Liebermann

Biergarten - Restaurationsgarten

Max Liebermann

Hedwig Ruetz (1879-1966)

Max Liebermann

Dr. Wilhelm Bode

Max Liebermann

Village street in Noordwijk

Max Liebermann

Rider on the beach to the left

Max Liebermann

Riding donkey on the beach to the left

Max Liebermann

Polo player in Jenischpark, Hamburg

Max Liebermann

Terrasse of the restaurant Jacob in Nienstedten upon Elbe

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

The artist's granddaughter and her nurse playing in the garden

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann

Hunter in the dunes / Trainer with hounds

Max Liebermann

Portrait of Cecilia Markus (1888-1943)

Max Liebermann

Potrait of Richard Strauss

Max Liebermann

Flower terrace in Wannseegarten

Max Liebermann

Cabbage field in Wannseegarten

Max Liebermann

Portrait of Kommerzienrat Dr. Carl Leopold Netter

Max Liebermann

Portrait of Otto Gerstenberg

Max Liebermann

Self-portrait with brush

Max Liebermann

Ulrich Graf Brockdorff-Rantzau

Max Liebermann

Portrait of the Berlin Garden Director Albert Brodersen

Max Liebermann

Portrait of President Paul von Hindenburg

Max Liebermann

Wannseegarten

Max Liebermann

Self-portrait

Max Liebermann

Ferdinand Sauerbruch

Max Liebermann

Children's playground in Tiergarten park in Berlin

Max Liebermann

Die Rasenbleiche

Max Liebermann

At the Pool

Max Liebermann

Martha Marckwald

Max Liebermann

Country House in Hilversum

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On the Alster in Hamburg Print by Max Liebermann

On the Alster in Hamburg

Max Liebermann (20 July 1847 – 8 February 1935) was a German-Jewish painter and printmaker, and one of the leading proponents of Impressionism in Germany.

Biography
Jesus in the Temple (detail), 1879.

The son of a Jewish fabric manufacturer turned banker [1] from Berlin, Liebermann grew up in an imposing town house alongside the Brandenburg Gate.[2] He first studied law and philosophy at the University of Berlin, but later studied painting and drawing in Weimar in 1869, in Paris in 1872, and in the Netherlands in 1876–77. During the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71), Liebermann served as a medic with the Order of St. John near Metz. After living and working for some time in Munich, he finally returned to Berlin in 1884, where he remained for the rest of his life. He was married in 1884 to Martha Marckwald (1857–1943, see portrait by Anders Zorn).[3]


Max Liebermann - Flachsscheuer in Laren

He used his own inherited wealth to assemble an impressive collection of French Impressionist works. He later chose scenes of the bourgeoisie, as well as aspects of his garden near Lake Wannsee, as motifs for his paintings. In Berlin, he became a famous painter of portraits; his work is especially close in spirit to Édouard Manet. In his work he steered away from religious subject matter, with one cautionary exception being an early painting, The 12-Year-Old Jesus in the Temple With the Scholars (1879). His painting of a Semitic-looking boy Jesus conferring with Jewish scholars sparked debate.[1] At the International Art Show in Munich it stirred up a storm for its supposed blasphemy, with one critic describing Jesus as "the ugliest, most impertinent Jewish boy imaginable."[2] Noted for his portraits (he did more than 200 commissioned ones over the years, including of Albert Einstein and Paul von Hindenburg), Liebermann also painted himself from time to time.[2]


Im Schwimmbad, late 1870s, Dallas Museum of Art
Portrait of Max Liebermann, by his German contemporary Fritz von Uhde.

On the occasion of his 50th birthday, Liebermann was given a solo exhibition at the Prussian Academy of Arts in Berlin, and the following year he was elected to the academy.[1] From 1899 to 1911 he led the premier avant-garde formation in Germany, the Berlin Secession. In his various capacities as a leader in the artistic community, Liebermann spoke out often for the separation of art and politics. He did contribute regularly to a newspaper put out by artists during World War I.[1] He pushed for the right of artists to do their own thing, unconcerned with politics or ideology, and his interest in French Realism went against conservatives who viewed it as an offensive incursion.[2]

Beginning in 1920 he was president of the Prussian Academy of Arts. In 1933 he resigned when the academy decided to no longer exhibit works by Jewish artists, before he would have been forced to do so under laws restricting the rights of Jews.[1] While watching the Nazis celebrate their victory by marching through the Brandenburg Gate, Liebermann was reported to have commented: "Ich kann gar nicht soviel fressen, wie ich kotzen möchte." ("I cannot eat as much, as I would like to puke").[1]


Martha Liebermann by Anders Zorn, 1896

In 1909 Liebermann bought property in Wannsee, a wealthy suburb of summer homes on the outskirts of Berlin, and designed a villa with gardens there. From the 1910s until his death, images of the gardens dominated his work.[1] Together with Lovis Corinth and Max Slevogt, Liebermann became an exponent of German Impressionism.

On his 80th birthday, in 1927, Liebermann was celebrated with a large exhibition, declared an honorary citizen of Berlin and hailed in a cover story in Berlin's leading illustrated magazine.[1]

Liebermann died on February 8, 1935, at his home on Berlin's Pariser Platz, near the Brandenburg Gate. According to Käthe Kollwitz, he fell asleep about 7 p.m. and was gone.[4]

Although Liebermann had been famous, his death was not reported in the media, now controlled by the Nazis, and there were no representatives of the Academy of the Arts or the city at his funeral in the Jewish Cemetery on Schönhauser Allee. However, despite official strictures by the Gestapo, more than 100 friends and relatives attended the funeral. Among the mourners were Kollwitz, Hans Purrmann, Otto Nagel, Ferdinand Sauerbruch, Bruno Cassirer, Georg Kolbe, Max J. Friedländer and Adolph Goldschmidt.[5]


Commemoration

In 2005/2006, the Skirball Cultural Center in Los Angeles and the Jewish Museum in New York mounted the first major museum exhibition in the United States of Liebermann's work.[2]

On 30 April 2006 the Max Liebermann Society opened a permanent museum in the Liebermann family's villa in the Wannsee district of Berlin.[6] The artist's wife, Martha Liebermann, was forced to sell the villa in 1940. On 5 March 1943, at the age of 85 and bedridden from a stroke, she was notified to get ready for deportation to Theresienstadt concentration camp.[7] Instead, she committed suicide in the family home, Haus Liebermann, hours before police arrived to take her away. There is a stolperstein for her in front of their former home by the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin.[7]

In 2011, the Israel Museum returned a painting to the Max Liebermann estate, decades after the masterpiece was looted from a Jewish museum in Nazi Germany. Liebermann had loaned his painting to the Jewish Museum in Berlin in the 1930s. The work, along with many others, disappeared from the museum during World War II.[8]

His painting Riders on the Beach was found as part of the 2012 Nazi loot discovery.[9]

References

Leah Ollman (September 30, 2005), A dramatic life; the work, not quite so Los Angeles Times.
Grace Glueck (March 20, 2006), A Berlin Painter, Jewish and Proudly Assimilated New York Times.
Martha Liebermann (Marckwald) geni.com. Retrieved October 30, 2011
Käthe Kollwitz: Die Tagebücher 1908–1943. Hrsg. von Jutta Bohnke-Kollwitz. btb, München 2007. Eintrag vom 9. Februar 1935.
Saul Friedländer: Das Dritte Reich und die Juden, Beck’sche Reihe, München 2010, Seite 24
http://www.max-liebermann.de
"Ein Stein für Martha Liebermann" Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, official website. (June 9, 2005) Retrieved July 21, 2010 (German)
Museum returns looted painting Los Angeles Times, September 9, 2011.

"Photo Gallery: Munich Nazi Art Stash Revealed". Spiegel. 17 November 2013. Retrieved 17 November 2013.

There is a painting by Liebermann in the Busch-Reisinger Art Museum in Cambridge,Massachusetts("Dutch Village Scene with Hanging Laundry")

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