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Matthäus Merian the Elder

Illustrations

Emperor Augustus on horseback Print by Matthaeus Merian the Elder

Emperor Augustus on horseback

Emperor Domitian on horseback Print by Matthaeus Merian the Elder

Emperor Domitian on horseback

Emperor Julius Caesar on Horseback Print by Matthaeus Merian the Elder

Emperor Julius Caesar on Horseback

Emperor Nero on horseback Print by Matthaeus Merian the Elder

Emperor Nero on horseback

Emperor Otho on horseback Print by Matthaeus Merian the Elder

Emperor Otho on horseback

Emperor Tiberius on horseback Print by Matthaeus Merian the Elder

Emperor Tiberius on horseback

Emperor Gaius on horseback Print by Matthaeus Merian the Elder

Emperor Gaius on horseback

Emperor Vitellus on horseback Print by Matthaeus Merian the Elder

Emperor Vitellus on horseback

Emperor Claudius on horseback Print by Matthaeus Merian the Elder

Emperor Claudius on horseback

Emperor Galba on horseback Print by Matthaeus Merian the Elder

Emperor Galba on horseback

Emperor Vespasian on horseback Print by Matthaeus Merian the Elder

Emperor Vespasian on horseback

Emperor Titus on horseback Print by Matthaeus Merian the Elder

Emperor Titus on horseback

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Aachen

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Andernach

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Augsburg

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Baden-Baden

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Bamberg

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Bautzen

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Berlin-Spandau

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Bonn

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Braunschweig

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Bremen

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Dortmund

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Düsseldorf

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Frankfurt am Main

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Freiburg im Breisgau

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Goslar

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Göttingen

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Hamburg

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Hannover

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Heidelberg

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Hildesheim

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Kassel

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Köln

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Leipzig

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Lübeck

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Magdeburg

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Mainz

Matthäus Merian the Elder

München

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Oldenburg

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Paderborn

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Pforzheim, view from the northeast

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Rostock, View from the north

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Speyer, View from the southeast

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Stuttgart, Bird's-eye view from the south

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Trier, View from the northwest

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Tübingen, View from the south

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Ulm, Bird's-eye view from the south

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Wismar, View from the northwest

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Wolfegg, Castle and garden

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Worms, View from the northeast

Matthäus Merian the Elder

Würzburg

Matthäus Merian der Ältere (or "Matthew", "the Elder", or "Sr."; 22 September 1593 – 19 June 1650) was a Swiss-born engraver who worked in Frankfurt for most of his career, where he also ran a publishing house. He was a member of the patrician Basel Merian family.

Biography
Early life and marriage

Born in Basel, Merian learned the art of copperplate engraving in Zürich. He next worked and studied in Strasbourg, Nancy, and Paris, before returning to Basel in 1615. The following year he moved to Frankfurt, Germany where he worked for the publisher Johann Theodor de Bry, who was the son of renowned engraver and traveler Theodor de Bry.

In 1617, Merian married Maria Magdalena de Bry, daughter of the publisher, and was for a time associated with the de Bry publishing house. In 1620 they moved back to Basel, but three years later returned to Frankfurt. They had four daughters and three sons, including Matthäus Merian the Younger. Maria Magdalena de Bry died in 1645 and the following year Matthäus married Johanna Catharina Hein. Five years later, Matthäus died, leaving his wife with two small children, Anna Maria Sibylla Merian (born 1647) who later became a pioneering naturalist and illustrator and a son, Maximilian, who died before his third birthday.


Later career

In 1623 Merian took over the publishing house of his father-in-law after de Bry's death. In 1626 he became a citizen of Frankfurt and could henceforth work as an independent publisher. He spent most of his working life in Frankfurt.

Early in his life, he had created detailed town plans in his unique style, e.g. a plan of Basel (1615) and a plan of Paris (1615). With Martin Zeiler (1589 - 1661), a German geographer, and later (circa 1640) with his own son, Matthäus Merian (der Jüngere, i.e. "the Younger" or "Jr.") (1621 - 1687), he produced a series of Topographia. The 21-volume set was collectively known as the Topographia Germaniae. It includes numerous town plans and views, as well as maps of most countries and a World Map—it was such a popular work that it was re-issued in many editions. He also took over and completed the later parts and editions of the Grand Voyages and Petits Voyages, originally started by de Bry in 1590.

Merian's work inspired the Suecia Antiqua et Hodierna by Erik Dahlberg. The German travel magazine Merian is named after him.

He was also noted for the finesse of his alchemical illustrations, in books such as the Musaeum Hermeticum (1678) and Atalanta Fugiens (1618).

Matthäus Merian died after several years of illness in 1650 in Bad Schwalbach, near Wiesbaden.

After his death, his sons Matthäus Jr. and Caspar took over the publishing house. They continued publishing the Topographia Germaniae and the Theatrum Europaeum under the name Merian Erben (i.e. Merian Heirs).


Literature

Lucas Heinrich Wüthrich: Das druckgraphische Werk von Matthäus Merian d.Ä.. vol.1 and 2: Basel 1966, vol.3 Hamburg 1993, vol.4: Hamburg 1996.

Catalog zu Ausstellungen im Museum für Kunsthandwerk Franckfurt am Mayn (15. September – 7. November 1993) und im Kunstmuseum Basel (27. November 1993 – 13. Februar 1994) als unsterblich Ehren-Gedächtnis zum 400. Geburtstag des hochberühmten Delineatoris (Zeichners), Incisoris (Stechers) et Editoris (Verlegers) Matthaeus Merian des Aelteren. Museum für Kunsthandwerk, Frankfurt am Main 1993, ISBN 3-88270-065-3.

Ulrike Valeria Fuss: Matthaeus Merian der Ältere. Von der lieblichen Landschaft zum Kriegsschauplatz – Landschaft als Kulisse des 30jährigen Krieges. Frankfurt am Main, 2000, ISBN 3-631-35558-0.

Jörg Diefenbacher: Die Schwalbacher Reise. Mannheim 2002, ISBN 3-00-008209-3.

Ulrike Valeria Fuss: Momentaufnahme und Monumentalansicht. Ein Vergleich zwischen Valentin Wagner und Matthäus Merian d. Ä. In: Valentin Wagner (um 1610–1655): Ein Zeichner im Dreißigjährigen Krieg. Aufsätze und Werkkatalog. Darmstadt 2003, ISBN 3-921254-92-2.

Lucas Heinrich Wüthrich: Matthaeus Merian d. Ä. Eine Biographie. Hoffmann und Campe, Hamburg 2007 (Lizenzausgabe: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt 2007)

Götz J. Pfeiffer: Bild-Zeitung und Moral-Büchlein - der Dreissigjährige Krieg in Druckgraphiken von Matthäus Merian und Abraham Hogenberg, Jacques Callot und Hans Ulrich Franck, in: Der Dreissigjährige Krieg in Hanau und Umgebung, hrsg. vom Hanauer Geschichtsverein, Hanau, 2011, pp. 255–275.

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